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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF INDIANA.
Article 1. Bill of rights. 2. Suffrage and election. 3. Distribution of powers. 4. Legislative. 5. Executive. 6. The administrative. 7. Judicial, 8. Education, 9. State institutions. 10. Finance. 11. Corporations. 12. Militia, 13. Political and municipal corpora
Bill of Rights. Section 1. All men are naturally equal and
have certain inalienable rights. - Origin of power and object
of government. 2. Religious freedom. 3. Laws not to control religious
opinion. 4. No preference to be given to any
particular sect. 5. Religious tests and qualifica
tions for office not allowed. 6. No money to be drawn from the
treasury for religious or theo
logical Institutions. 7. Witnesses not rendered incom
petent on account of religion. 8. Mode of administering oaths. 9. Freedom of speech and of the
Section 10. Prosecutions for libel, 11. Exemption from illegal seizures
and searches. 12. Courts open.-- Right of Justice. 13. Rights of persons accused of
crime.-Witnesses.- Counsel. 14. Second trial forbidden.- Not to
testify against one's self. 15. Confinement in jail not to be un
necessarily rigorous. 16. Excessive bail and fines.-- Cruel
punishments. 17. Right of bail. 18. Penal Code founded on princi
ples of reformation. 19. Juries to determine the law and
facts. 20. Right of trial by jury in civil
cases. 21. Particular services or private
property not to be taken with
out payment. 22. Imprisonment for debt not al
lowed. 23. Exclusive privileges not to be
allowed. 24. Ex post facto laws forbidden.
Contracts. 25. No law to be passed by any
authority not recognized in
Constitution. 26. Laws only to be suspended by
General Assembly. 27. Privilege of writ of habeas cor
pus. 28. Treason defined. 29. Treason, how proven. 30. Conviction not to work corrup
tion of blood or forfeiture. 31. The people have the right to as
semble together in a peaceable
Legislative. Section 1. Powers, how vested.- Style of
laws. 2. The number of each house.
Chosen by counties and dis
tricts. 3. Term of members of each house.
Classification of Senators.- In
case of injuries. 4. Census to be taken once in six
years.-Who to be enumerated. 5. Apportionment. 6. Districts not to be separated. 7. Qualification of members.-Least
age. 8. Privilege of members.- Freedom
of debate. 9. Sessions biennial. - Special ses.
sions. 10. Powers of each house.-Adjourn
ments. 11. Two-thirds of each house shall constitute
quorum.- Each house shall keep a journal. 13. Doors to be open, except. 14. Punishment of members.- Ex
pulsion. 15. Power over persons not mem
bers. 16. Each house to have powers nec
essary in a free and independ
ent State. 17. Bills may originate in elther
house. 18. Every bill shall be read on three
separate days in each house. 19. Every act shall embrace but one
subject, and matters properly
connected therewith. 20. Every act and joint resolution
shall be plainly worded. 21. No act shall be revised
manner to consult for the com
mon good. 32. Right of bearing arms. 33. Military subordinate to civil
power. 34. Quartering of soldiers. 35. Titles of nobility and hereditary
distinctions forbidden. 36. Emigration from State not to be
of negroes made out of State
Suffrage and Election. 1. Elections free and equal. 2. Qualifications of voters. 3. Persons in army and navy not
to gain right by being sta
tioned. 4. Absence in service of State or
United States not to forfeit
rights. 5. Negroes and mullatoes denied
the right of voting. (Stricken
out.) 6. Bribery at elections to forfeit
right. 7. Duelling to disqualify from vot
ing. 8. Laws may be passed depriving
criminals of the right to vote
or hold office.
office or appointment under
money to be eligible to office. 11. Appointments pro tempore. 12. Electors privileged from arrest. 13. Election by the people to be by
ballot by the General Assembly
viva voce. 14. Day of general election.
amended by mere reference to
Its title. 22. The General Assembly shall not
pass local or special laws as in any of the following enumer
ated cases. 23. General laws shall be of uniform
operation. 24. Suits against the State.-Special
acts for this not allowed.
Distribution of Powers. 1. The legislative, the executive
and the judicial.
Section 25. Bills to be passed by a majority
of those elected. 26. Right of protest. 27. Every law to be public, if not
otherwise declared. 28. Publication of laws, in cases of
emergencies. 29. Pay of members. - Mileage.
Limit of sessions. 30. Members not eligible to certain
mittee of the whole.- Casting
vote. 22. Salary of Governor. 23. Of Lieutenant-Governor. 24. They are not eligible to other
Administrative. 1. State officers, eligible four years
in six. 2. County officers.- Terms.- Limit
of eligibility. 3. Other county and township offi
cers to be elected by law. 4. Officers must be voters.-- Limit
of residence. 5. Official residence of State offi
cers. 6. Residence and offices of county
officers, etc. 7. Removal of State officers. 8. Impeachment or removal of
officers. 9. Vacancies in county and town
ship offices. 10. Powers may be conferred upon
Education. 1. Executive power vested in Gov
ernor.-- Not to be elected two
consecutive terms. 2. Lieutenant-Governor.-- Term. 3. When elected. 4. How elected.- Returns of elec
tion, 5. In case of tie, how settled. 6. Contested elections to be deter
mined by law. 7. Qualifications for the office. 8. Members of Congress.- Of Fed
eral offices, not eligible. 9. Beginning of term. 10. Vacancy in office of Governor,
how filled. 11. President of the Senate in case
Lieutenant-Governor serves as
Governor. 12. The Governor shall be command
er-in-chief of the militia. 13. To communicate by a message. 14. To sign bills.-Veto power lim
ited. 15. To transact business with offi
cers of government.- May re-1
quire information, 16. He shall take care that the laws
are faithfully executed. 17. Pardoning powers. 18. To fill certain vacancies in office. 19. To issue writs of election to fill
vacancies. 20. May in certain cases convene
General Assembly elsewhere than at the seat of govern
ment. 21. Lieutenant-Governor to preside
in Senate.-May speak in com
1. Judicial powers of the State,
how vested. 2. Supreme Court, how organized.
- Quorum.--- Terms of judges. 3. The State shall be divided into
as many districts as there are
judges of the Supreme Court. 4. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. 5. Decision to be in writing and of
record. 8. Publication of decisions.
Judges not to report decisions. 7. Clerk of the Supreme Court.
Terms and duties. 8. Circuit Courts.-Jurisdiction. 9. Judicial Circuits. — Judges.
Terms.- Residence. 10. Exchange of circuits by judges.
- Case of inability to hold
court. 11. A prosecuting attorney in each
Section 12. Removal of judges and prose
cuting attorneys. 13. Salaries of judges. 14. Justices of the peace.- Terms.
- Powers. 15. Conservators of the peace. 16. Judicial officers not eligible to
any other offices. 17. General Assembly may modify
or abolish grand jury system. 18. Style of process.- Authority of
criminal prosecutions. 19. Tribunals of conciliation.-To be
binding only when parties
consent. 20. Commissioners to revise rules,
etc.- May reduce the laws to
a code. 21. Every voter entitled to admis
sion to practice law.
Finance. Section 1. Taxation to be uniform.- Prop
erty exempted. 2. Revenues fc payment of the
public debt. 3. No money to be drawn from the
treasury but in pursuance of
appropriations made by law. 4. Reports of receipts and expendi
tures shall be made. 5. Objects for which State debts
can be contracted. 6. Restrictions upon county sub
scriptions.- Credit not to be
loaned. 7. The State not to be liable to pay
or redeem any certificate of stock, etc.
1. Duty of the State to encourage
improvements in schools. 2. The common school fund shall
consist of the Congressional township fund, and the lands
belonging thereto, etc. 3. The principle to remain invio
late.-Income to be applied
for no purpose but schools. 4. Investment of school fund.
Distribution. 6. In case of failure to demand its
proportion by any county. 6. Counties liable for safe keeping
of school fund. 7. Trust funds to be inviolable. 8. The election of Superintendent
of Public Instruction.- Terms and duties.
1. No bank or banking company
to be created, except as pre
scribed by Constitution. 2. Banking law for all banks, ex
cept under section 4. 3. In case of a banking law being
passed, bills to be countersigned, securities, under State
control. 4. A bank with branches may be
chartered. 5. Mutual responsibility of branch
6. Liability of bank stockholders. 7. Redemption of bills in gold or
silver. - No suspension of specie payments to be al
lowed. 8. Preference to bill.- Holders in
case of insolvency. 9. Banks not to receive a greater
rate of interest than indi
viduals. 10. Banks to close business within
twenty years. 11. Trust funds may be invested in
with banks.- Safety to be
guaranteed. 12. State not to become a stock
holder after present bank
1. Benevolent institutions to be
maintained. 2. Houses of refuge to be provided. 3. Who are to be supported on
fines and in asylums.
charter expires.- Credit not
to be loaned. 13. Other corporations may
formed under general laws. 14. Dues from corporations, how se
cured.- Personal liability of incorporators.
Militia. 1. The militia, how composed.-To
1 3. Term to begin when elected and
qualified. 4. Officers to take an official oath. 5. Seal to be kept by Governor. 6. Commissions, how sealed and
signed. 7. Least area of new counties. 8. Lotteries forbidden. 9. Grounds reserved for State capitol not to be sold
or leased. 10. Preservation of Tippecanoo
armed, equipped and trained. 2. Governor to appoint certain
officers. 8. Officers to be commissioned by
the Governor. - Term limited
to six years. 4. Organization and subdivision of
militia. 5. Sedentary and active militia. 6. Persons may be exempted from
Amendments. 1. Amendments may be proposed
in either branch of the Gene
ral Assembly. 2. To be submitted.
ARTICLE XIII. Political and Municipal Corporations. 1. No political or municipal corpo
ration in this State shall ever become indebted, in any manDer or for any purpose to any amount, in the aggregate exexceeding two per cent of the value of taxable property within such corporation.
forming a common boundary
When to Take Effect. 1. Laws now in force, continued. 2. Suits, proceedings, etc., con
tinued. 3. Fines, penalties, etc., to be con
tinued. 4. Acts of incorporations for mu
nicipal purposes continued. 5. Governor to act until successor
is qualified. 6. First session of General As
sembly. 7. Senators, continued. 8. First election under Constitu
tion. 9. First State officers. 10. Continuance of office.- Proviso. 11. Officers to take oath to support
Constitution. 12. Vacancies in existing offices. 13. Separate vote concerning ne
groes and mulattoes. 14. No other article or section to be
submitted separately. 15. A new county from Perry and
Spencer allowed, if voters ap
prove. 16. Charter of Clarksville may be
Miscellaneous 1. Officers not enumerated, to be
chosen by law.
pleasure of appointing power.