Colonial Psychiatry and the African Mind
In this first history of the practice and theoretical underpinnings of colonial psychiatry in Africa, Jock McCulloch describes the clinical approaches of well-known European psychiatrists who worked directly with indigenous Africans, among them Frantz Fanon, J.C. Carothers, and Wulf Sachs. They were a disparate group, operating independently of one another, and mostly in intellectual isolation. But despite their differences, they shared a coherent set of ideas about "The African Mind," premised on the colonial notion of African inferiority. In exploring the close association between the ideologies of settler societies and psychiatric research, this intriguing study is one of the few attempts to explore colonial science as a system of knowledge and power.
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According to Carothers African inferiority African Mind African patients Algeria Annual Report anthropologists asylums behaviour Biesheuvel Blida brain British Bulawayo Carothers Carothers’s Chavafambira’s child clinical colonial Africa conﬁned contrast culture Cunynham Brown deﬁciency deﬁning Department of Public depression depressive illness disorders East African ethnopsychiatrists ﬁgure ﬁle ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve Frantz Fanon Freud Gordon Ibid identiﬁed individual inﬂuence Ingutsheni inmates insane institutions intellectual Kenya Kikuyu labour lack Laubscher literature lunatics major Malagasy Mannoni Mathari Mau Mau mental health mental hospitals mental illness Muslim Nairobi native Negritude Nigeria oﬂicer period physicians political primitive prison problems psychiatry psychoanalytic psychology psychosis psychotic Public Health race racism reﬂected Ritchie Ritchie’s Sachs schizophrenic scientiﬁc settler societies sexual signiﬁcant social social anthropology South Africa Southern Rhodesia speciﬁc staff Stanley Porteus suggested theory traditional treatment urban violent Western white settlers women