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Concession and agreement of the lords proprietors of the
Province Nova Casearea or New Jersey to and with all and
Etery the adventurers and all such as shall settle or plant there,
February 10, 1664.

New York. – Liberties or privileges granted by the Assembly
d Nineteen of the authorized West India Company to all such
as shall or may settle or plant any colony in New Netherlands,

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Grant of New Netherlands to the Duke of York by Charles II, Varch 12, 1664, in the eighteenth year of his reign.

Pennsylvania. - Charter granted by Charles II to William Pan for the colony of Pennsylvania, February 28, 1661, in the ifteenth year of his reign.

The charter of privileges granted by William Penn, Esq., to the inhabitants of Pennsylvania and territories, October 28, 1701.

Rhode Island.- Charter granted by Charles II to the colony of Rhode Island and Providence plantations, July 8, 1663, in the seventeenth year of his reign. Retained until 1842.

Virginia.- Charter granted by James I to Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers and others for the several colonies and plantations to be made in Virginia and other parts and territories in Aperica, April 10, 1606, in the fourth year of his reign.

Charter granted by James I to the treasurer and company for Firginia, erecting them into a corporation and body politic and for the further enlargement and explanation of the privileges of the said company and first colony of Virginia, March 23, 1609, in the setenth year of his reign.

The charter granted by James I to the treasurer and company of Virginia, March 12, 161 1-2.



JULY 4, 1776.



Thirteen United States of America.

Then, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary toe one people to dissolve the political bands which have conDeted them with another, and to assume, among the powers of he earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of tatire and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes stich impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are Pind equal, that they are endowed, by their Creator, with ceranda unalienable rights, and among these are life, liberty, and 2e parsuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governseats are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from De cosent of the governed, that whenever any form of governDear becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the made to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, sig its foundation on such principles, and organizing its Vers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect teie safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate, that

bunts long established, should not be changed for light di transient causes: and accordingly all experience hath

van, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are mtie than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to * ab ther are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses A -urpations

, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, * *brir duty, to throw off such government, and to provide

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