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Section 5. Time school must be maintained. 6. Election of Regents of the Uni

versity.-Board of Regents. 7. To be a body corporate.-Name. 8. President of university --Super

vision of university. 9. Board of education.--Superin

tendent of Public Instruction to

be a member. 10. Institutions for the benefit of

the blind, deaf and dumb and

the insane shall be supported. 11. Agricultural school.--Appropria

tion of land for same.-May be

made a branch of university. 12. Town libraries.

ARTICLE XIV. 1. In regard to specific charge.-Tax

2. Banking law to be voted on.
3. Liability of stockholders, etc.
4. Registry of bills or notes.-Se-

curity required.
5. Bill-holders entitled to prefer-

ence. 6. Suspension of specie payments. 7. In regard to liability. 8. Amending acts of corporation,

etc. 9. Property, how taken. 10. Terms of corporations. 11. Construction of the term corpor

ation.-Right to sue and be

sued. 12. Limitation of time for holding

real estate. 13. In regard to the organization of

cities and villages, etc. 14. In regard to the election of

judicial officers. 15. Private property.-How taken. 16. Notice for charter.

for State expenses. 2. The Legislature shall provide by

law a sinking fund. 3. State may contract debts, etc. 4. To repel invasions, etc. 5. No money shall be paid out of

the treasury except by appro

priation. 6. The credit of the State shall not

be granted. 7. Issue of scrip. 8. The State shall not subscribe to

or be interested in any corpor

9. The State shall not be a party

to or be interested in any
work of internal improvement,

0. The State may continue to collect

all specific taxes. 11. There shall be a uniform rate of

taxation, except. 12. All assessments hereafter au

thorized shall be on property

at its face value. 13. The Legislature shall provide

for an equalization by a State

board. 14. Laws imposing taxes.

ARTICLE XVI. 1. Personal property. 2. In regard to homesteads. 3. The homestead of a family,

after the death of the vwner thereof, shall be exempt from

the payment of his debis. 4. In regard to disposition of home

stead when not owned by

5. Estates of females.

1. Militia, of whom composed.
2. The Legislatura shall provide

by law for organizing and

equipping a militia. 3. The officers shall be elected by

appointment and commissioned in such manner as may be provided by law.

1. How corporations may be

formed.---Legislature may cre-
ate single bank.

1. Enumeration of those who shall

take the oath of office. 2. Private property for public use. 3. No mechanical trade shall be

hereafter taught to convicts


in the State prison of this


1. The common and statute laws 4. In regard to navigable streams.

now in force shall remain in 5. An accurate statement of the

force until they are repealed or receipts and expenditures of

amended. the public moneys shall be at- 2. Continuance of writs, actions, etc. tached to and published with 3. In regard to fines, etc. the laws at every regular ses

4. Recognizances, etc. sion of the Legislature.

5. Governor and Lieutenant-Gov6. Laws, etc., to be in English.

ernor. 7. Every person has a right to bear 6. In regard to officers to hold over. arms for the defense of him

7. Senators and Representatives self and the State.

shall continue to hold office 8. The military to be subordinate

until superseded by their sucto the civil power.

cessors. 9. Quartering of soldiers.

8. County officers to hold over. 10. The people have the right to assemble together peacefully to

9. Terms of certain officer. consult for the common good. 10. Jurisdiction of suits, etc. 11. Slavery shall be prohibited in! 11. Jurisdiction of Probate Courts, etc. this State.

12. The off ce of State printer. 12. In regard to leases. 13. Aliens may hold property.

13. It shall be the duty of the Leg

islature at their first session to 14. Private property.-Private roads. 15. Revision of laws.-Commission

adopt the present laws to the

provisions of this Constitution, ers to examine.

as far as may be. ARTICLE XIX.

15. Any territory attached to any 1. Upper Peninsula.-See schedule,

county for judicial purposes, if sec. 26.

not otherwise represented, 2. The district judge shall be elect

shall be considered as forming ed by the electors of such dis

a part of such county. trict.

16. Constitution to be submitted to 3. In regard to the district attorney.

the people.-Qualification of 4. Senators and Representatives.


17. Any person entitled to vote for 5. Compensation of judges, etc.

members of the Legislature, etc. See Constitution, article 4, section 15.

18. At the general election a ballot 6. Election.-When to take place.

box shall be kept. 7. In regard to mining taxes,

19. In regard to the canvass of the 8. The location of the State prison.

votes cast for the adoption or 9. Mining companies.-Charters may

rejection of this Constitution. be modified by the Legislature.

20. In regard to salaries.

21. Expenditures of the convention. ARTICLE XIXa.

22. Representative districts. 1. Railroad fares and freights.

23. Cases pending in chancery. Discrimination prohibited.

! 24. Term of office of Governor, etc. 2. Competing lines not to consoli- 25. Upper Peninsula. date.-Notice of consolidation.

26. District judge and district attor


27. Legislature of 1851.-Its duties. 1. Amendments to Constitution 28. Terms of State and county ofmay be proposed by the Senate

ficers. or House of Representatives. 29. Judicial circuits, Const., Art. 6, 2. Revision of the Constitution.

Sec. 7.


The People of the State of Michigan do ordain this Constitution.


Poundaries. The State of Michigan consists of and has jurisdiction over the territory embraced within the following boundaries, to wit: Commencing at a point on the eastern boundary line of the State of Indiana where a direct line drawn from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan to the most northerly cape of the Jaumee Bay, shall intersect the same - said point being the north-west corner of the State of Ohio, as established by act of Congress, entitled "An act to establish the northern boundary line of the State of Ohio, and to provide for the admission of the State of Michigan into the Union upon the conditions therein expressed," approved June fifteenth, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six; thence with the said boundary line of the State of Ohio till it intersects the boundary line between the United States and Canada in Lake Erie; thence with said boundary line between the United States and Canada through the Detroit river, Lake Huron and Lake Superior to a point where the said line last touches Lake Superior; thence in a direct line through Lake Superior to the mouth of the Montreal river; thence through the middle of the main channel of the said River Montreal to the head waters thereof; thence in a direct line to the center of the channel between Middle and South Islands in the lake of the Desert; thence in a direct line to the southern shore of Lake Brule; thence along said southern shore and down the River Brule to the main chan. nel of the Menominee river; thence down the center of the main channel of the same to the center of the most usual ship channel of the Green bay of Lake Michigan; thence through the center of the most usual ship channel of the said bay to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence through the middle of Lake Michigan to the northern boundary of the State of Indiana, as that line was established by the act of Congress of the nineteenth of April, cighteen hundred and sixteen; thence due east with the north boundary line of the said State of Indiana to the north-east corner thereof; and thence south with the eastern boundary line of Indiana to the place of beginning.


Seut of Government. Section 1. The seat of government shall be at Lansing, where it is now established.

ARTICLE III. Division of the Powers of Government. Section 1. The powers of government are divided into three departments, the legislative, executive and judicial.

Sec. 2. No person belonging to one department shall exercise the powers properly belonging to another, except in the cases expressly provided in this Constitution.


Legislative Department, Section 1. The legislative power is vested in a Senate and House of Representatives.

Sec. 2. The Senate shall consist of thirty-two members. Senators shall be elected for two years, and by single districts. Such districts shall be numbered from one to thirty-two, inclusive; each of which shall choose one Senator. No county shall be divided in the formation of Senate districts, except such county shall be equitably entitled to two or more Senators.

Sec. 3. The House of Representatives shall consist of not less than sixty-four, nor more than one hundred members. Representatives shall be chosen for two years, and by single districts. Each representative district shall contain, as nearly as may be, an equal number of inhabitants, exclusive of persons of Indian descent, who are not civilized, or are members of any tribe, and shall consist of convenient and contiguous territory; but no township or city shall be divided in the formation of a representative district. When any township or city shall contain a population which entitles it to more than one Representative, then such township or city shall elect, by general ticket, the number of Representatives to which it is entitled. Each county hereafter organized, with such territory as may be attached thereto, shall be entitled to a separate Representative, when it has attained a population equal to a moiety of the ratio of representation. In every county entitled to more than one Representative, the board

of supervisors shall assemble at such time and place as the Legislature shall prescribe, and divide the same into representative districts, equal to the number of Representatives to which such county is entitled by law, and shall cause to be filed in the offices of the Secretary of State and clerk of such county, a description of such representative districts, specifying the number of each district and population thereof, according to the last preceding enumeration.

Sec. 4. The Legislature shall provide by law for an enumeration of the inhabitants in the year eighteen hundred and fifty. four, and every ten years thereafter; and at the first session after each enumeration so made and also at the first session after each enumeration by the authority of the United States, the Legislature shall rearrange the senate districts and apportion anew the Representatives among the counties and districts, according to the number of inhabitants, exclusive of persons of Indian descent who are not civilized, or are members of any tribe. Each apportionment, and the division into representative districts by any board of supervisors shall remain unaltered until the return of another enumeration.

Sec. 5. Senators and Representatives shall be citizens of the United States, and qualified electors in the respective counties and districts which they represent. A removal from their respective counties or districts shall be deemed a vacation of their office.

Sec. 6. No person holding any office under the United States or any county office, except notaries public, officers of the militia, and officers elected by townships, shall be eligible to or have a seat in either house of the Legislature; and all votes given for any such person shall be void.,

Sec. 7. Senators and Representatives shall in all cases, except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest. They shall not be subject to any civil process during the session of the Legislature, or for fifteen days next before the commencement and after the termination of each session. They shall not be questioned in any other place for any speech in either house.

Sec. 8. A majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each house may prescribe.

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