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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN.
ARTICLE I. Section 1. Territorial jurisdiction.
ARTICLE II. 1. The seat of government shall be
ARTICLE III. 1. Departments of government shall
be the legislative, executive
and judicial. 2. Limitation of power, etc.
ARTICLE IV. 1. The legislative power is vested
in the Senate and House of Re
presentatives. 2. The Senate shall consist of
thirty-two members. 3. The House of Representatives.
Representative districts. 4. The Legislature shall provide a
law for the enumeration of the inhabitants.-Apportionment of
Senators and Representatives. 5. Members must be citizens. 6. Certain officers eligible. 7. Privileges of members. 8. Majority to constitute a quo
rum. 9. Powers of each house. 10. Each house to keep a journal. 11. In all elections the vote shall be
viva voce. 12. Doors to be open.-Adjournments. 13. Bills may originate in either
house. 14. Bills and resolutions to be pre
sented to the Governor.-Proceedings when Governor disapproves bill-How vote determined-Bills to become law if not returned in ten days. May be signed in five days after adjournment.
Section 15. Compensation of members.-Of
members from Upper Peninsula.-When in extra session.Mileage, stationery, laws, jour
nals, documents. 16. In regard to postage. 17. Compensation of the president
and speaker. 18. No member to receive civil ap
pointment or to be interested
in contract with the State, etc. 19. Bills, etc., to be read three times.
-Ayes and nays on final pass
age. 20. No law shall embrace more than
one subject. - When to take ef
fect. 21. Extra compensation forbidden. 22. Fuel, stationery, printing, etc.,
to be let by contract. 23. Sale of real estate, vacating
roads, etc. 24. Chaplain for State prison, etc. 25. Altering or amending laws, etc. 26. Divorces shall not be granted by
the Legislature. 27. Lotteries illegal. 28. Introduction of bills. 29. Contested elections. 30. Ineligibility of certain persons. 31. The Legislature shall not audit
or allow any private claim or
account. 32. Hour of adjournment. 53. The Legislature shall meet at
the seat of government. 34. Elections of Senators and Repre
sentatives. 35. State paper.-Compea31:ion fror
publishing laws. 36. Publication of statutes and de
cisions. 37. In regard to vacancies. 38. Legal legislation.
Section 39. In regard to religious liberty. 40. Appropriations for religious pur
poses forbidden. 41. Rights of opinion. 42. Liberty of speech and press. 43. The Legislature shall not pass
any bill of attainder or ex post
facto law. 44. In regard to the writ of habeas
corpus. 45. Bills appropriating money. 46. The right of trial by jury. 47. The style of the laws shall be.
when performing the duties of
Governor. 18. There shall be a State seal,
which shall be kept by the
Secretary of State. 19. Commissions, how issued.
ARTICLE V. 1. The executive power is vested
in the Governor. 2. Eligibility of persons for Gov
ernor. 3. In regard to the election of Governor and
Lieutenant-Governor. 4. The Governor shall be ((mmend
er-in-chief of tue milita.y and
the naval forces. 5. He shall transact all nt cessary
business with officers of the
government. 6. He shall see that the law's are
faithfully executed. 7. He may convene the Legislacure
on extraordinary occasiolis. 8. In regard to the Governor's
messages. 9. When sessions may be lield ese
where. 10. He shall issue wrirs of election
to fill vacancies. 11. He shall have the power to grant
pardons and reprieves.-In re
gard to cases of treason. 12. In case of vacancy, absence, etc. 13. Who to act as Governor. 14. The Lieutenant-Governor shall
be president of the Senate. 15. Eligibility of certain persons. 16. No person elected to the office of
Governor or Lieutenant-Governor shall hold any other of
fice. 17. In regard to the compensation of
the President of the Senate
ARTICLE VI. 1. The judicial power is vested in
one Supreme Court, 2. Supreme Court.-Classification
and term of office. 3. The Supreme Court shall have a
general superintending control
over all inferior courts. 4. Four terms of the Supreme Court
shall be held annually. 5. Rules of the Supreme Court, etc.
-Master in chancery prohib
ited. 6. The State shall be divided into
judicial circuits. 7. Alteration of circuits, etc. 8. Jurisdiction of the Circuit Court. 9. Salary of judges, etc. 10. The Supreme Court may ap
point a reporter of its decisions.
--May fill certain vacancies, 11. Terms of court.-Judges may
hold court for each other. 12. In regard to clerks of Circuit
Courts. 13. Courts of Probate.-Jurisdiction,
etc. 14. Vacancies.-How filled. 15. Courts of record. 16. Circuit Court commissioners. 17. Justices of the Peace.-How
elected, etc. 18. Civil jurisdiction of justices. 19. The judges of the Supreme Court,
Circuit judges and justices of the peace shall be conservators
of the peace. 20. Election of Circuit judges. 21. Election of judges of Probate. 22. What deemed vacancy. 23. The Legislature may establish
courts of conciliation. 24. Suitors may appear by attorney
or in person. 25. Libels.-Truth may be given in
| Section 26. Security of person, property, etc. 4. What officer at county seat. Search warrants.
5. Sheriff to hold no other office.27. Right of trial by jury.
To give security.-County not 28. Accused to have speedy trial, etc.;
res nsible. 29. No trial after acquittal upon 6. Board of Supervisors. merits.
7. Cities to be represented in board. 30. Treason against the State de- 8. County seats.-How removed. fined.
9. The Board of Supervisors may 31. Excessive bail or fines shall not
borrow money for constructing be required.
highways, bridges, etc. 32. Testimony of person
against 10. Claims against counties, etc. himself.
11. The Board of Supervisors of each 33. No person shall be imprisoned
county may provide for the for debt.
laying out of highways, etc. 34. Competency of witnesses.
ARTICLE XI. 35. Style of process.
1. Township officers. ARTICLE VII.
2. Each organized township shall 1. Qualifications of electors.--Pro
be a body corporate. viso. 2. All votes to be by ballot.
ARTICLE XII. 3. Privilege from arrest.
1. The House of Representatives 4. No person shall be obliged to do
shall have the sole power of military duty on the day of
impeachment. election, except during time of 2. How tried.-Conviction and war.
judgment. 5. Residence of electors.
3. Who to prosecute.-When to be 6. Laws shall be passed to pre
tried. serve the purity of elections.
4. No judicial officer shall exercise 7. Soldiers, etc., not residents.
his office after impeachment is 8. Duelling disqualifies for office.
directed until he is acquitted.
5. Vacancy by suspension, etc. ARTICLE VIII.
6. For reasonable
cause, which 1. Officers to be elected at each
shall not be sufficient ground general biennial election.
for the impeachment of Where to keep their offices.
judge, the Governor shall re2. Their term of office.
move him. 3. The Governor shall have power
7. Removal of certain officers. to fill any vacancy which may
8. Removal of certain State of
ficers. occur in any State office. 4. Who shall constitute the board
ARTICLE XIII. of State auditors. 5. In case of a tie Legislature to 1. The Superintendent of Public make choice.
Instruction shall have the gen
eral supervision of public inARTICLE IX.
struction. 1. In regard to the salaries of the 2. In regard to the school fund. State officers.
3. All lands the title of which shall
fail from a defect of heirs ARTICLE X.
shall escheat to the State. 1. Counties to be bodies corporate. 4. In regard to free schools.-In2. Number of townships in county.
struction to be in English lan3. County officers.