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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF MICHIGAN.

CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN.

ARTICLE I. Section 1. Territorial jurisdiction.

ARTICLE II. 1. The seat of government shall be

at Lansing.

ARTICLE III. 1. Departments of government shall

be the legislative, executive

and judicial. 2. Limitation of power, etc.

ARTICLE IV. 1. The legislative power is vested

in the Senate and House of Re

presentatives. 2. The Senate shall consist of

thirty-two members. 3. The House of Representatives.

Representative districts. 4. The Legislature shall provide a

law for the enumeration of the inhabitants.-Apportionment of

Senators and Representatives. 5. Members must be citizens. 6. Certain officers eligible. 7. Privileges of members. 8. Majority to constitute a quo

rum. 9. Powers of each house. 10. Each house to keep a journal. 11. In all elections the vote shall be

viva voce. 12. Doors to be open.-Adjournments. 13. Bills may originate in either

house. 14. Bills and resolutions to be pre

sented to the Governor.-Proceedings when Governor disapproves bill-How vote determined-Bills to become law if not returned in ten days. May be signed in five days after adjournment.

Section 15. Compensation of members.-Of

members from Upper Peninsula.-When in extra session.Mileage, stationery, laws, jour

nals, documents. 16. In regard to postage. 17. Compensation of the president

and speaker. 18. No member to receive civil ap

pointment or to be interested

in contract with the State, etc. 19. Bills, etc., to be read three times.

-Ayes and nays on final pass

age. 20. No law shall embrace more than

one subject. - When to take ef

fect. 21. Extra compensation forbidden. 22. Fuel, stationery, printing, etc.,

to be let by contract. 23. Sale of real estate, vacating

roads, etc. 24. Chaplain for State prison, etc. 25. Altering or amending laws, etc. 26. Divorces shall not be granted by

the Legislature. 27. Lotteries illegal. 28. Introduction of bills. 29. Contested elections. 30. Ineligibility of certain persons. 31. The Legislature shall not audit

or allow any private claim or

account. 32. Hour of adjournment. 53. The Legislature shall meet at

the seat of government. 34. Elections of Senators and Repre

sentatives. 35. State paper.-Compea31:ion fror

publishing laws. 36. Publication of statutes and de

cisions. 37. In regard to vacancies. 38. Legal legislation.

Section 39. In regard to religious liberty. 40. Appropriations for religious pur

poses forbidden. 41. Rights of opinion. 42. Liberty of speech and press. 43. The Legislature shall not pass

any bill of attainder or ex post

facto law. 44. In regard to the writ of habeas

corpus. 45. Bills appropriating money. 46. The right of trial by jury. 47. The style of the laws shall be.

Section

when performing the duties of

Governor. 18. There shall be a State seal,

which shall be kept by the

Secretary of State. 19. Commissions, how issued.

ARTICLE V. 1. The executive power is vested

in the Governor. 2. Eligibility of persons for Gov

ernor. 3. In regard to the election of Governor and

Lieutenant-Governor. 4. The Governor shall be ((mmend

er-in-chief of tue milita.y and

the naval forces. 5. He shall transact all nt cessary

business with officers of the

government. 6. He shall see that the law's are

faithfully executed. 7. He may convene the Legislacure

on extraordinary occasiolis. 8. In regard to the Governor's

messages. 9. When sessions may be lield ese

where. 10. He shall issue wrirs of election

to fill vacancies. 11. He shall have the power to grant

pardons and reprieves.-In re

gard to cases of treason. 12. In case of vacancy, absence, etc. 13. Who to act as Governor. 14. The Lieutenant-Governor shall

be president of the Senate. 15. Eligibility of certain persons. 16. No person elected to the office of

Governor or Lieutenant-Governor shall hold any other of

fice. 17. In regard to the compensation of

the President of the Senate

ARTICLE VI. 1. The judicial power is vested in

one Supreme Court, 2. Supreme Court.-Classification

and term of office. 3. The Supreme Court shall have a

general superintending control

over all inferior courts. 4. Four terms of the Supreme Court

shall be held annually. 5. Rules of the Supreme Court, etc.

-Master in chancery prohib

ited. 6. The State shall be divided into

judicial circuits. 7. Alteration of circuits, etc. 8. Jurisdiction of the Circuit Court. 9. Salary of judges, etc. 10. The Supreme Court may ap

point a reporter of its decisions.

--May fill certain vacancies, 11. Terms of court.-Judges may

hold court for each other. 12. In regard to clerks of Circuit

Courts. 13. Courts of Probate.-Jurisdiction,

etc. 14. Vacancies.-How filled. 15. Courts of record. 16. Circuit Court commissioners. 17. Justices of the Peace.-How

elected, etc. 18. Civil jurisdiction of justices. 19. The judges of the Supreme Court,

Circuit judges and justices of the peace shall be conservators

of the peace. 20. Election of Circuit judges. 21. Election of judges of Probate. 22. What deemed vacancy. 23. The Legislature may establish

courts of conciliation. 24. Suitors may appear by attorney

or in person. 25. Libels.-Truth may be given in

evidence.

Section

| Section 26. Security of person, property, etc. 4. What officer at county seat. Search warrants.

5. Sheriff to hold no other office.27. Right of trial by jury.

To give security.-County not 28. Accused to have speedy trial, etc.;

res nsible. 29. No trial after acquittal upon 6. Board of Supervisors. merits.

7. Cities to be represented in board. 30. Treason against the State de- 8. County seats.-How removed. fined.

9. The Board of Supervisors may 31. Excessive bail or fines shall not

borrow money for constructing be required.

highways, bridges, etc. 32. Testimony of person

against 10. Claims against counties, etc. himself.

11. The Board of Supervisors of each 33. No person shall be imprisoned

county may provide for the for debt.

laying out of highways, etc. 34. Competency of witnesses.

ARTICLE XI. 35. Style of process.

1. Township officers. ARTICLE VII.

2. Each organized township shall 1. Qualifications of electors.--Pro

be a body corporate. viso. 2. All votes to be by ballot.

ARTICLE XII. 3. Privilege from arrest.

1. The House of Representatives 4. No person shall be obliged to do

shall have the sole power of military duty on the day of

impeachment. election, except during time of 2. How tried.-Conviction and war.

judgment. 5. Residence of electors.

3. Who to prosecute.-When to be 6. Laws shall be passed to pre

tried. serve the purity of elections.

4. No judicial officer shall exercise 7. Soldiers, etc., not residents.

his office after impeachment is 8. Duelling disqualifies for office.

directed until he is acquitted.

5. Vacancy by suspension, etc. ARTICLE VIII.

6. For reasonable

cause, which 1. Officers to be elected at each

shall not be sufficient ground general biennial election.

for the impeachment of Where to keep their offices.

judge, the Governor shall re2. Their term of office.

move him. 3. The Governor shall have power

7. Removal of certain officers. to fill any vacancy which may

8. Removal of certain State of

ficers. occur in any State office. 4. Who shall constitute the board

ARTICLE XIII. of State auditors. 5. In case of a tie Legislature to 1. The Superintendent of Public make choice.

Instruction shall have the gen

eral supervision of public inARTICLE IX.

struction. 1. In regard to the salaries of the 2. In regard to the school fund. State officers.

3. All lands the title of which shall

fail from a defect of heirs ARTICLE X.

shall escheat to the State. 1. Counties to be bodies corporate. 4. In regard to free schools.-In2. Number of townships in county.

struction to be in English lan3. County officers.

guage.

a

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