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Objects of government.

Section 20. Trial by jury. 21. Private property not to be taken

without just compensation. 22. Taxes. 23. Titles of nobility prohibited.

Tenure of office limited. 24. Other rights not impaired.




Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Natural rights. 2. All power inherent in the peo

ple. 3. Religious freedom. Proviso. All

sects equal. Religious test prohibited. Right to elect re

ligious teachers. 4. Freedom of speech and publica

cation. Truth may be given

in evidence. 5. Unreasonable searches. 6. Rights of persons accused. 7. No person to answer to a capital

or infamous crime but on in

dictment. Exceptions. Juries. 8. Not to be put in jeopardy twice

for the same offense. 9. Sanguinary laws prohibited. 10. Bailable offenses. Habeas cor

pus. 11. Bills of attainder, etc., pro

hibited. 12. Treason. 13. Suspension of laws. 14. Carporal punishment under mili

tary law. 15. Right of petition. 16. Right to keep and bear arms. 17. Standing armies not to be kept. 18. No soldiers to be quartered on

citizens in time of peace. 19. Right of redress for injuries.

1. Qualifications of electors. Writ

ten ballot. Soldiers or seamen in U. S. service. Students at colleges and academies. Residence not lost by reason of absence, in the military service of Maine or of the United

States. 2. Electors exempt from arrest on

election days; 3. And from military duty. 4. Time of State election. Citizens

absent in temporary military service of the U. S. or of Maine may vote. Polls, where opened. Vote, how taken. Who shall act as supervisors. Supervisors shall be sworn. Their duties. Proviso. Where certain officers may vote. Supervisors shall prepare ballot boxes. Ballots, how prepared. Qualification of voters. Supervisors shall keep correct poll lists; check names of voters; sort, count and declare votes; and make return to Secretary of State's office.


Distribution of Powers. Section 1. Powers distributed. 2. To be kept separate.

ARTICLE IV. Legislative Power. - House of Represen

tatives. 1. Legislative department. Style

of acts. 2. Number of representatives fixed

at one hundred and fifty-one. 3. Appointment among towns. 4. Qualifications of a representa

tive. 5. Meetings for choice of represen

tatives. Meetings of classed towns. Lists of votes shall be examined by Governor and council; and they shall summon persons who appear to be elected. Lists to be laid before the House of Representatives. Manner of electing representatives and other civil

officers in cities. 6. Vacancies, how to be filled. 7. House shall choose its Ow

officers. 8. Power of impeachment.

Legislative Power. Section 1. Legislature shall meet annually.

Its wers. 2. Bills shall be signed by the

Governor. Proceedings, in case he disapproves. Unsigned bills shall be returned by him with

in five days. 3. Each house shall judge of the

elections of its members. Ma

jority a quorum. 4. May punish and expel members. 5. Shall keep a journal. Yeas and

nays, when to be entered. 6. May punish for contempt. Pro

viso. 7. Compensation of members.

Traveling expenses. 8. Members are exempt from civil.

arrest. Freedom of debate. 9. Either house may originate bills.

Revenue bills. Proviso. 10. Members shall not be appointed

to certain offices. Statics. 11. Persons qualified to be members. 12. Adjournments. 13. Special legislation. 14. Corporations, except for munici

pal purposes, shall, when practicable, be formed under gene

ral laws. Constitutional conventions.

Legislatire Power. - Senate. 1. Senate shall consist of not less than twenty, nor

more than thirty-one. 2. State shall be districted once in

ten years. Districts, how

formed. 3. Meetings for choice of senators.

Electors in unincorporated

places. 4. Votes shall be examined by the

Governor and council. 5. Senate shall decide as to the

election of its members. 6. Qualifications of senators. 7. Senate shall try impeachments.

Limitation of senate's judgment. Party is further liable to be tried and punished by

the courts. 8. Senate shall choose its offrers.

ARTICLE V. Executive Power, Governor. 1. Governor. 2. Elected for one year. 3. Meetings for choice of Governor.

Votes should be returned to
Secretary of State. Provision,

in case there is no choice. 4. Qualifications for Governor. 5. Disqualifications. 6. Compensation. 7. Commander-in-chief of militia.

Shall not march militia out of

State. 8. With advice of council, shall ap

point officers. 9. Shall give information and re

commend measures. 10. May require information of any


Section 2. Compensation of the supreme

Justices shall not be dimin

Ished. 3. They shall give opinion, when

required by either branch of

the government. 4. Tenure of judicial offices. 5. Justices of the peace and no

taries public. 6. Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court shall hold

other ofhce. 7. Judges and registers of probate,

their election and tenure of

office. Vacancies, how filled. 8. Judges of Municipal and Police

Courts, shall be appointed.



Military. 1. Military officers, how to be

elected. 2. Manner of conducting elections. 3. Major-generals


adjutantgenerals, how slected. Staff

11. Power of Governor, with consent

of council, to reprieve, com-
mute or pardon, except in
cases of impeachment, and to
remit penalties. Conditional
pardons. Shall report to the

12. Shall enforce the laws.
13. Governor shall convene the Leg-

islature on extraordinary OC-
casions, and adjourn it, if
houses disagree. May change

their place of meeting. 14. Vacancy. How supplied.

Erecutite Power.


1. Council shall consist of seven.
2. Councillors, how chosen. Priv-

ileged from arrest.
3. Journal of their proceedings

shall be kept. 4. Persons disqualified to be coun

cillors. Councillors shall not be appointed to any office.

officers, how apointed. 4. Organization of the militia. 5. Who may be exempted from

military duty.

Executire Power. - Secretary.

1. Secretary, how to be chosen.
2. Shall keep the records of the

State. May appoint deputies. 3. Shall attend the Governor and

Council. 4. Shall preserve the records of the

Executive and Legislative departments.


Literature. 1. Legislature shall require towns

to support public schools. Shall endow colleges and academies. Proviso.

Executive Porder.— Treasurer.

1. Treasurer, how chosen. Ineligi

ble, for more than five succes

sive years. 2. Shall give bonds. 3. Shall not engage in trade. 4. No money shall be drawn out

by warrant. Accounts of receipts and expenditures shall be published.


General Provisions. 1. Oath and subscriptions. Before

whom to be taken. Proviso. 2. Offices that are incompatible

with each other. 3. Commissions. 4. Elections on the first Wednes

days of January may be adjourned from day to day.

Order of filling vacancies. 5. Every civil officer may be removed by impeachment

or address. 6. Tenure of office. 7. Valuation,


Judicial Porrer. 1. Supreme Judicial

and courts


8. Real and personal estate shall

be taxed according to its

value. 9. Taxation. 10. Sheriffs, how elected and tenure

of office. 11. Attorney-General, how to be

elected. Vacancy, how filled. 12. Soldiers, who may be allowed to

vote for county officers.
13. Bribery at elections.
14. Credit of State shall not be,

loaned. Creation of State debt,
limited. Exceptions.

1 15. State may issue bonds in pay

ment of municipal war debt.
Basis of payment. Commis-
sion shall be appointed to
determine amount due to mu-
nicipalities. Loan limited to

16. Towns having four thousand

inhabitants, and towns having
inhabited islands, may be
divided into voting districts.

2. Constitution, how amended.
3. Constitution shall be arranged

by chief justice of Supreme
Judicial Court. Shall be sub-
mitted to the Legislature
Amended constitution shall be
enrolled on parchment, and
printed copies shall be bound
with the laws. Shall be the

supreme law of the State. 4. Section one, two and five of ar

ticle ten, shall be omitted from printed copies. Section five remains in force.

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XXII. Municipal indebtedness lim-

ited to five per cent of the

last regular valuation. XXIII. Biennial elections and bien

nial Sessions of the legis

lature. XXIV. Governor shall be elected by

a plurality of the popular

vote. XXV. Biennial terms of senators

and representatives.


Schedule. 1. Laws now in force, continue

until repealed.

PREAMBLE. We, the people of Maine, in order to establish justice, insure tranquillity, provide for our mutual defense, promote our common welfare, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of liberty, acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity, so favorable to the design; and, imploring His aid and direction in its accomplishment, do agree to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the style and title of the State of Maine, and do ordain and establish the following Constitution for the government of the same.


Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and inalienable rights, among

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