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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MAINE.
Section 20. Trial by jury. 21. Private property not to be taken
without just compensation. 22. Taxes. 23. Titles of nobility prohibited.
Tenure of office limited. 24. Other rights not impaired.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Natural rights. 2. All power inherent in the peo
ple. 3. Religious freedom. Proviso. All
sects equal. Religious test prohibited. Right to elect re
ligious teachers. 4. Freedom of speech and publica
cation. Truth may be given
in evidence. 5. Unreasonable searches. 6. Rights of persons accused. 7. No person to answer to a capital
or infamous crime but on in
dictment. Exceptions. Juries. 8. Not to be put in jeopardy twice
for the same offense. 9. Sanguinary laws prohibited. 10. Bailable offenses. Habeas cor
pus. 11. Bills of attainder, etc., pro
hibited. 12. Treason. 13. Suspension of laws. 14. Carporal punishment under mili
tary law. 15. Right of petition. 16. Right to keep and bear arms. 17. Standing armies not to be kept. 18. No soldiers to be quartered on
citizens in time of peace. 19. Right of redress for injuries.
1. Qualifications of electors. Writ
ten ballot. Soldiers or seamen in U. S. service. Students at colleges and academies. Residence not lost by reason of absence, in the military service of Maine or of the United
States. 2. Electors exempt from arrest on
election days; 3. And from military duty. 4. Time of State election. Citizens
absent in temporary military service of the U. S. or of Maine may vote. Polls, where opened. Vote, how taken. Who shall act as supervisors. Supervisors shall be sworn. Their duties. Proviso. Where certain officers may vote. Supervisors shall prepare ballot boxes. Ballots, how prepared. Qualification of voters. Supervisors shall keep correct poll lists; check names of voters; sort, count and declare votes; and make return to Secretary of State's office.
Section 2. Compensation of the supreme
Justices shall not be dimin
Ished. 3. They shall give opinion, when
required by either branch of
the government. 4. Tenure of judicial offices. 5. Justices of the peace and no
taries public. 6. Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court shall hold
other ofhce. 7. Judges and registers of probate,
their election and tenure of
office. Vacancies, how filled. 8. Judges of Municipal and Police
Courts, shall be appointed.
Military. 1. Military officers, how to be
elected. 2. Manner of conducting elections. 3. Major-generals
adjutantgenerals, how slected. Staff
of council, to reprieve, com-
islature on extraordinary OC-
their place of meeting. 14. Vacancy. How supplied.
1. Council shall consist of seven.
ileged from arrest.
shall be kept. 4. Persons disqualified to be coun
cillors. Councillors shall not be appointed to any office.
officers, how apointed. 4. Organization of the militia. 5. Who may be exempted from
Executire Power. - Secretary.
1. Secretary, how to be chosen.
State. May appoint deputies. 3. Shall attend the Governor and
Council. 4. Shall preserve the records of the
Executive and Legislative departments.
Literature. 1. Legislature shall require towns
to support public schools. Shall endow colleges and academies. Proviso.
Executive Porder.— Treasurer.
1. Treasurer, how chosen. Ineligi
ble, for more than five succes
sive years. 2. Shall give bonds. 3. Shall not engage in trade. 4. No money shall be drawn out
by warrant. Accounts of receipts and expenditures shall be published.
General Provisions. 1. Oath and subscriptions. Before
whom to be taken. Proviso. 2. Offices that are incompatible
with each other. 3. Commissions. 4. Elections on the first Wednes
days of January may be adjourned from day to day.
Order of filling vacancies. 5. Every civil officer may be removed by impeachment
or address. 6. Tenure of office. 7. Valuation,
Judicial Porrer. 1. Supreme Judicial
be taxed according to its
value. 9. Taxation. 10. Sheriffs, how elected and tenure
of office. 11. Attorney-General, how to be
elected. Vacancy, how filled. 12. Soldiers, who may be allowed to
vote for county officers.
loaned. Creation of State debt,
1 15. State may issue bonds in pay
ment of municipal war debt.
inhabitants, and towns having
by chief justice of Supreme
supreme law of the State. 4. Section one, two and five of ar
ticle ten, shall be omitted from printed copies. Section five remains in force.
ited to five per cent of the
last regular valuation. XXIII. Biennial elections and bien
nial Sessions of the legis
lature. XXIV. Governor shall be elected by
a plurality of the popular
vote. XXV. Biennial terms of senators
Schedule. 1. Laws now in force, continue
PREAMBLE. We, the people of Maine, in order to establish justice, insure tranquillity, provide for our mutual defense, promote our common welfare, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of liberty, acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity, so favorable to the design; and, imploring His aid and direction in its accomplishment, do agree to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the style and title of the State of Maine, and do ordain and establish the following Constitution for the government of the same.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and inalienable rights, among