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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MAINE.
Section 20. Trial by jury. 21. Private property not to be taken
without just compensation. 22. Taxes. 23. Titles of nobility prohibited.
Tenure of office limited. 24. Other rights not impaired.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Natural rights. 2. All power inherent in the peo
ple. 3. Religious freedom. Proviso. All
sects equal. Religious test prohibited. Right to elect re
ligious teachers. 4. Freedom of speech and publica
cation. Truth may be given
in evidence. 5. Unreasonable searches. 6. Rights of persons accused. 7. No person to answer to a capital
or infamous crime but on in
dictment. Exceptions. Juries. 8. Not to be put in jeopardy twice
for the same offense. 9. Sanguinary laws prohibited. 10. Bailable offenses. Habeas cor
pus. 11. Bills of attainder, etc., pro
hibited. 12. Treason. 13. Suspension of laws. 14. Carporal punishment under mili
tary law. 15. Right of petition. 16. Right to keep and bear arms. 17. Standing armies not to be kept. 18. No soldiers to be quartered on
citizens in time of peace. 19. Right of redress for injuries.
1. Qualifications of electors. Writ
ten ballot. Soldiers or seamen in U. S. service. Students at colleges and academies. Residence not lost by reason of absence, in the military service of Maine or of the United
States. 2. Electors exempt from arrest on
election days; 3. And from military duty. 4. Time of State election. Citizens
absent in temporary military service of the U. S. or of Maine may vote. Polls, where opened. Vote, how taken. Who shall act as supervisors. Supervisors shall be sworn. Their duties. Proviso. Where certain officers may vote. Supervisors shall prepare ballot boxes. Ballots, how prepared. Qualification of voters. Supervisors shall keep correct poll lists; check names of voters; sort, count and declare votes; and make return to Secretary of State's office.
Distribution of Powers. Section 1. Powers distributed. 2. To be kept separate.
ARTICLE IV. Legislative Power. - House of Represen
tatives. 1. Legislative department. Style
of acts. 2. Number of representatives fixed
at one hundred and fifty-one. 3. Appointment among towns. 4. Qualifications of a representa
tive. 5. Meetings for choice of represen
tatives. Meetings of classed towns. Lists of votes shall be examined by Governor and council; and they shall summon persons who appear to be elected. Lists to be laid before the House of Representatives. Manner of electing representatives and other civil
officers in cities. 6. Vacancies, how to be filled. 7. House shall choose its Ow
officers. 8. Power of impeachment.
Legislative Power. Section 1. Legislature shall meet annually.
Its wers. 2. Bills shall be signed by the
Governor. Proceedings, in case he disapproves. Unsigned bills shall be returned by him with
in five days. 3. Each house shall judge of the
elections of its members. Ma
jority a quorum. 4. May punish and expel members. 5. Shall keep a journal. Yeas and
nays, when to be entered. 6. May punish for contempt. Pro
viso. 7. Compensation of members.
Traveling expenses. 8. Members are exempt from civil.
arrest. Freedom of debate. 9. Either house may originate bills.
Revenue bills. Proviso. 10. Members shall not be appointed
to certain offices. Statics. 11. Persons qualified to be members. 12. Adjournments. 13. Special legislation. 14. Corporations, except for munici
pal purposes, shall, when practicable, be formed under gene
ral laws. Constitutional conventions.
Legislatire Power. - Senate. 1. Senate shall consist of not less than twenty, nor
more than thirty-one. 2. State shall be districted once in
ten years. Districts, how
formed. 3. Meetings for choice of senators.
Electors in unincorporated
places. 4. Votes shall be examined by the
Governor and council. 5. Senate shall decide as to the
election of its members. 6. Qualifications of senators. 7. Senate shall try impeachments.
Limitation of senate's judgment. Party is further liable to be tried and punished by
the courts. 8. Senate shall choose its offrers.
ARTICLE V. Executive Power, — Governor. 1. Governor. 2. Elected for one year. 3. Meetings for choice of Governor.
Votes should be returned to
in case there is no choice. 4. Qualifications for Governor. 5. Disqualifications. 6. Compensation. 7. Commander-in-chief of militia.
Shall not march militia out of
State. 8. With advice of council, shall ap
point officers. 9. Shall give information and re
commend measures. 10. May require information of any
Section 2. Compensation of the supreme
Justices shall not be dimin
Ished. 3. They shall give opinion, when
required by either branch of
the government. 4. Tenure of judicial offices. 5. Justices of the peace and no
taries public. 6. Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court shall hold
other ofhce. 7. Judges and registers of probate,
their election and tenure of
office. Vacancies, how filled. 8. Judges of Municipal and Police
Courts, shall be appointed.
Military. 1. Military officers, how to be
elected. 2. Manner of conducting elections. 3. Major-generals
adjutantgenerals, how slected. Staff
of council, to reprieve, com-
islature on extraordinary OC-
their place of meeting. 14. Vacancy. How supplied.
1. Council shall consist of seven.
ileged from arrest.
shall be kept. 4. Persons disqualified to be coun
cillors. Councillors shall not be appointed to any office.
officers, how apointed. 4. Organization of the militia. 5. Who may be exempted from
Executire Power. - Secretary.
1. Secretary, how to be chosen.
State. May appoint deputies. 3. Shall attend the Governor and
Council. 4. Shall preserve the records of the
Executive and Legislative departments.
Literature. 1. Legislature shall require towns
to support public schools. Shall endow colleges and academies. Proviso.
Executive Porder.— Treasurer.
1. Treasurer, how chosen. Ineligi
ble, for more than five succes
sive years. 2. Shall give bonds. 3. Shall not engage in trade. 4. No money shall be drawn out
by warrant. Accounts of receipts and expenditures shall be published.
General Provisions. 1. Oath and subscriptions. Before
whom to be taken. Proviso. 2. Offices that are incompatible
with each other. 3. Commissions. 4. Elections on the first Wednes
days of January may be adjourned from day to day.
Order of filling vacancies. 5. Every civil officer may be removed by impeachment
or address. 6. Tenure of office. 7. Valuation,
Judicial Porrer. 1. Supreme Judicial
be taxed according to its
value. 9. Taxation. 10. Sheriffs, how elected and tenure
of office. 11. Attorney-General, how to be
elected. Vacancy, how filled. 12. Soldiers, who may be allowed to
vote for county officers.
loaned. Creation of State debt,
1 15. State may issue bonds in pay
ment of municipal war debt.
inhabitants, and towns having
by chief justice of Supreme
supreme law of the State. 4. Section one, two and five of ar
ticle ten, shall be omitted from printed copies. Section five remains in force.
ited to five per cent of the
last regular valuation. XXIII. Biennial elections and bien
nial Sessions of the legis
lature. XXIV. Governor shall be elected by
a plurality of the popular
vote. XXV. Biennial terms of senators
Schedule. 1. Laws now in force, continue
PREAMBLE. We, the people of Maine, in order to establish justice, insure tranquillity, provide for our mutual defense, promote our common welfare, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of liberty, acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity, so favorable to the design; and, imploring His aid and direction in its accomplishment, do agree to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the style and title of the State of Maine, and do ordain and establish the following Constitution for the government of the same.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and inalienable rights, among