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GENERAL ASSEMBLY Art. 19. The legislative power of the State shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Art. 20. The style of the laws of this State shall be: Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Louisiana.

Art. 21. The General Assembly shall meet at the seat of government on the second Monday of May, 1882, at 12 o'clock noon, and biennially thereafter. Its first session under this Constitution may extend to a period of ninety days, but any subsequent session shall be limited to a period of sixty days. Should a vacancy occur in either house, the Governor shall order an election to fill such vacancy for the remainder of the term.

Art. 22. Every elector under this Constitution shall be eligible to a seat in the House of Representatives, and every elector who has reached the age of twenty-five years shall be eligible to the Senate; Provided, That no person shall be eligible tu the General Assembly unless at the time of his election he has been a citizen of the State for five years and an actual resident of the district or parish from which he may be elected for two years immediately preceding his election. The seat of any member who may change his residence from the district or parish which he represents shall thereby be vacated, any declaration of a retention of domicile to the contrary notwithstanding; and members of the General Assembly shall be elected for a term of four years.

Art. 23. Each house shall judge of the qualifications, election and returns of its own members, choose its own officers (except President of the Senate), determine the rules of its proceedings, and may punish its members for disorderly conduct and contempt, and with the concurrence of two-thirds of all its members elected, expel a member.

Art. 24. Either house, during the session, may punish by imprisonmenet any person not a member who shall have been guilty of disrespect by disorderly or contemptuous behavior, but such imprisonment shall not exceed ten days for each offense.

Art. 25. No Senator or Representative shall, during the term for which he was elected, nor for one year thereafter, be appointed or elected to any civil office of profit under this State which may have been created or the emoluments of which may have been increased by the General Assembly during the time such Senator or Representative was a member thereof.

Art. 26. The members of the General Assembly shall in all cases, except treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privi. leged from arrest during their attendance at the sessions of their respective houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either house they shall not be questioned in any other place.

Art. 27. The members of the General Assembly shall receive a compensation not to exceed four dollars per day during their attendance and their actual traveling expenses going to and returning from the seat of government; but in no instance shall more than thirty dollars each way be allowed for traveling expenses.

Art. 28. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and cause the same to be published immediately after the close of the session; when practicable the minutes of each day's session shall be printed and placed in the hands of members on the day following. The original journal shall be preserved, after publication, in the office of the Secretary of State; but there shall be required no other record thereof.

Art. 29. Every law enacted by the General Assembly shall embrace but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title.

Art. 30. No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its title, but in such cases the act revived or section as amended shall be re-enacted and published at length.

Art. 31. The General Assembly shall never adopt any system or code of laws, by general reference to such system or code of laws, but in all cases shall recite at length the several provisions of the laws it may enact.

Art. 32. Not less than a majority of the members of each house of the General Assembly shall form a quorum to transact business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and shall have power to compel the attendance of absent members.

Art. 33. Neither house during the session of the General Assembly shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days nor to any other place than that in which it may be sitting.

Art. 34. The ayes and nays on any question in either house shall, at the desire of one-fifth of the members elected, be entered on the journal.

Art. 35. All bills for raising revenue or appropriating money shall originate in the House of Representatives, but the Senate may propose to concur in amendments as in other bills.

Art. 36. No bill, ordinance or resolution, intended to have the effect of a law, which shall have been rejected by either house, shall be again proposed in the same house during the same session, under the same or any other title, without the consent of a majority of the house by which the same was rejected.

Art. 37. Every bill shall be read on three different days in each house, and no bill shall be considered for final passage unless it has been read once in full, and the same has been reported on by a committee. Nor shall any bill become a law unless, on its final passage, the vote be taken by yeas and nays, the names of the members voting for or against the same to be entered on the journal, and a majority of the members elected to each house be recorded thereon as voting in its favor.

Art. 38. No amendment to bills by one house shall be concurred in by the other, except by a vote of a majority of the members elected thereto, taken by yeas and nays, and the names of those voting for or against recorded upon the journal thereof. And reports of committees of conference shall be adopted in either house only by a majority of the members elected thereto, the vote to be taken by yeas and nays, and the names of those voting for or against recorded upon the journal.

Art. 39. Whenever a bill that has been passed by both houses is enrolled and placed in possession of the house in which it originated the title shall be read, and, at the request of any five members, the bill shall be read in full, when the Speaker of the House of Representatives or the President of the Senate, as the case may be, shall act at once, sign it in open house, and the fact of signing shall be noted on the journal thereupon the clerk or secretary shall immediately convey the bill to the other house, whose presiding officer shall cause a suspension of all other business to read and sign the bill in open session and without delay; as soon as bills are signed by the Speaker of the House and President of the Senate, they shall be taken at once, and on the same day, to the Governor by the clerk of the House or secretary of the Senate.

Art. 40. No law passed by the General Assembly, except the general appropriation act, or act appropriating money for the expenses of the General Assembly, shall take effect until promulgated. A law shall be considered promulgated at the place where the State journal is published the day after the publication of such law in the State journal, and in all other parts of the State twenty days after such publication.

Art. 41. The clerical officers of the two houses shall be a secretary of the Senate and clerk of the House of Representatives, with such assistants as may be necessary; but the expenses for clerks and employes shall not exceed sixty dollars daily for the Senate nor seventy dollars daily for the House.

Art. 42. All stationery, printing, paper and fuel used in the legislative or other departments of government shall be furnished, and the printing, binding and distributing of the laws, journals and department reports, and all other printing and binding, and the repairing and furnishing the halls and rooms used for the meetings of the General Assembly and its committees, shall be done under contract, to be given to the lowest responsible bidder below such maximum price and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by law; Provided, That such contracts shall be awarded only to citizens of the State. No member or officer of the departments of the government shall be in any way interested in such contracts; and all such contracts shall be subject to the approval of the Governor, the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives, or of any two of them,

LIMITATION OF LEGISLATIVE POWERS. Art. 43. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except in pursuance of specific appropriation made by law; nor shall any appropriation of money be made for a longer term than two years. A regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of all public moneys shall be published every three months, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

Art. 44. The General Assembly shall have no power to contract or to authorize the contracting, of any debt or liability, on behalt of the State, or to issue bonds or other evidence of indebtedness thereof, except for the purpose of repelling invasion or for the suppression of insurrection.

Art. 45. The General Assembly shall have power to grant or to authorize any parish or municipal authority to grant any extra compensation, fee or allowance to a public officer, agent, servant or contractor, nor pay, nor authorize the payment, of any claim against the State, or any parish or municipality of the State, under any agreement or contract made without express authority of law; and all such unauthorized agreements or contracts shall be null and void.

Art. 46. The General Assembly shall not pass any local or special law on the following specified objects:

For the opening and conducting of elections, or fixing or changing the place of voting.

Changing the name of persons.
Changing the venue in civil or criminal cases.

Authorizing the laying out, opening, closing, altering or maintaining roads, highways, streets or alleys, or relating to ferries and bridges, or incorporating bridge or ferry companies, except for the erection of bridges crossing streams which form boundaries between this and any other State.

Authorizing the adoption or legitimation of children or the emancipation of minors.

Granting divorces.
Changing the laws of descent or succession.
Affecting the estates of minors or persons under disabilities.

Remitting fines, penalties and forfeitures or refunding moneys legally paid into the treasury.

Authorizing the constructing of street passenger railroads in any incorporated town or city.

Regulating labor, trade, manufacturing or agriculture.

Creating corporations, or amending, renewing, extending or explaining the charter thereof; Provided, That this shall not apply to the corporation of the city of New Orleans, or to the organization of levee districts and parishes.

Granting to any corporation, association or individual any special or exclusive right, privilege or immunity.

Extending the time for the assessment or collection of taxes, or for the relief of any assessor or collector of taxes from the due performance of his official duties, or of his securities from liability; nor shall any such be passed by any political corporation of this State.

Regulating the practice or jurisdiction of any court or chang. ing the rules of evidence in any judicial proceeding or inquiry before courts, or providing or changing methods for the collection of debts or the enforcement of judgments, or prescribing the effects of judicial sales.

Exemption of property from taxation.


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