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Suffrage and Elections.

Section 169. No salaried officer shall be al

lowed fees. 170. The General Assembly shall

have power to enact laws regulating the sale and use of

spirituous liquors. 171. No person intrusted with the

care of public money shall be eligible to any office of trust or profit until surrender of

said moneys. 172. Gambling is prohibited. 173. Relative to bribery of any State

officer. 174. Any person may be compelled

to testify in lawful proceedings against bribery, but said person's testimony shall not criminate him or subject him

to public infamy. 175. The General Assembly shall

pass laws to protect laborers

and property. 176. Relative to mortgages or priv

ileges on immovable property. 177. Privileges on movable property

exist without registration. 178. The General Assembly shall

provide for the interest of State medicine, and for the

health of the citizens. 179. The General Assembly shall

create a bureau of agriculture and provide for expenditures

of the same. 180. The New Basin Canal and Shell

road shall not be leased. The Governor shall appoint a superintendent of canals.

Section 184. The people shall elect by ballot.

-Representative election shall

be by voice. 185. Relative to the qualifications

of an elector. 186. The General Assembly shall

provide for the registration of

voters. 187. Any person who has been convicted of treason

or other crimes shall not vote or hold

any public office. 188. No restriction on account of

color or race shall be placed

on voting. 189. Electors shall be free from ar

rest during elections except for treason, felony or breach

of the peace. 190. The General Assembly shall

by law forbid the sale of spirituous liquors on election day within a certain distance

of the polls. 191. The general election shall be

held every four years, on the Tuesday following the third

Monday in April. 192. Parochial and municipal elec

tions in New Orleans and Shreveport shall be held on the same day as the general

election. 193. For the purpose of voting, no

person shall be deemed to have gained or lost a residence by his presence or absence in the service of the United

States. 194. The General Assembly shall

provide by law for the trial and determination of all con

tested elections. 195. No person shall be eligible to

any office who is not a citizen of the State and a duly qualified voter of the judicial dis. trict, parish, municipality or ward wherein the functions of said office are to be exercised. And whenever any of


181. The General Assembly shall

provide for the militia of the

State. 182. The militia shall not receive

any compensation when not

in actual service. 183. The General Assembly may

exempt from military services.--The Governor may call out the militia.


ficer may remove his residence from the State, judicial district, etc., in which he holds office, the same shall thereby be vacated.

Impeachment and Removal from Office. 196. Relative to the impeachment of

Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Attorney-General, Superintendent of Pub

lic Instruction. 197. House of Representatives shall

have sole power of impeachment.-All impeachments to be tried by Senate.-Judg.

ments. 197. In cases of impeachments to ex

tend only to removal from office and disqualification from holding same, but shall also be liable to prosecution, trial and punishment according to

law. 198. All officers against whom articles

impeachment have been preferred shall be suspended from the exercise of


the functions of their offce. 199. For reasonable cause, the Gov

ernor shall remove any officer
on the address of two-thirds of

the members of the General
Assembly.-In every such case
the cause shall be presented
with the address and entered

on the journal of each house. 200. Removal from office of judges. 201. Removal from office of sheriffs,

clerks, district attorneys and
other officers.-Cause for such


maintain the government and all expenses pertaining to wel. fare and instruction of inhab

itants. 205. The power to tax corporations

and corporate property shall never be surrendered or sus. pended by act of General As

sembly. 206. The General Assembly may levy

a license tax. 207. Articles exempt from taxation. 208. General Assembly, to levy an

annual poll tax for support

of public schools. 209. Limit of taxation. 210. Relative to forfeiture of proper

ty for non-payment of taxes. 211. How tax shall be designated

and when tax is collectable. 212, The Legislature shall pass no

law postponing the payment of taxes, except in cases of overflow, general conflagration, general destruction of the crops

or other public calamity. 213. A tax for the maintenance of

the levees will be exacted an

nually. 214. General Assembly to divide the

State into levee districts and to provide for the election of levee commissioners and a tax to support these said commis

sioners. 215. The provisions of the above

two articles shall cease when the Federal government shall take possession of said levees. -The Federal government is authorized to make geological, topographical, etc., surveys and investigations with

in the State. 216. General Assembly shall have

power, with the concurrence of adjacent States, to divide the country into levee districts, partly in this State

and adjacent States. 217. License of corporations domi

ciled out of the State.

Perenue and Taxation.

202. General Assembly to exercise

a taxing power. 203. General Assembly to provide a

system of equality and uni

formity in assessments. 204. The taxing power shall be exercised only to carry on and


Section 232. Women shall be allowed to vote

under the school laws.—The Free school fund, Seminary fund, and Agricultural and

Mechanical College fund. 233. Relative to the fund of the Ag

ricultural and Mechanical College.



234. Relative to the forfeiture of

charters of corporations. 235. Corporations not to infringe on

the rights of individuals. 236. No foreign corporation shall do

business without having one

or more known agents

218. All articles regulating the col-

lection of taxes shall apply to
the whole State.

Homesteads and Exemptions.
219. Homesteads shall be exempt

from seizure and sale.
220. Relative to the registration and

valuation of the homestead.-
Relative to judgments against

221. Right of owner of homestead

to supplement his exemption. 222. The homestead not susceptible

of mortgage.
223. Equitable laws shall be passed

for the protection of credit-

Public Education.

224. There shall be free public

schools established by the
General Assembly throughout
the State.-General Assembly
shall distribute a proportion-

ad amount to each parish.
225. State Superintendent of Public

Instruction to be elected.-
Term of office, duties and com-

226. The education in the public

schools shall be in the Eng

lish language.
227. The funds derived under the

collection of the poll tax shall
be applied to the maintenance

of public schools.
228. No funds raised for the sup-

port of the public schools
in this State shall be applied

to sectarian schools.
229. What the school fund shall con-

sist of. 230. University of Louisiana as es

tablished is recognized in its

three departments.
231. General Assembly to establish

in New Orleans a university
for the education of persons
of color, and shall make an
annual appropriation for its

whom process may be served. 237. No corporation shall engage in

business other than that expressly authorized in its con

stitution. 238. No corporation shall issue stock or bonds

except for work actually done. 239. The stock of any corporation

shall not be increased except

in pursuance of general laws. 240. The term corporation as used

in this Constitution shall be construed to include all joint stock companies or associa

tions. 241. Relative to bank officers receive

ing deposits after the bank is

insolvent. 242. The General Assembly shall

have power to enact laws authorizing parish or municipal

officers to levy special taxes. 243. Any railroad corporation shall

have the right to construct and operate a railroad in this State.-Every railroad shall have the right to intersect or

cross any other railroad. 244. Railroads are hereby declared

public highways. 245. Every railroad corporation

doing business shall have an office for transaction of general business.

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Amendment and Revision of Constitu

tion. Section 256. If two-thirds of members of

General Assembly vote for proposed amendments they shall be submitted to vote of electors of State.

Schedule. 257. The Constitution adopted in 1868

and all amendments thereto are superseded by this con

stitution. 258. Monopoly feature of corpora.

tions abolished. 259. No office to be superseded by

thd effect of this Constitu

tion. 260. Appointments to be made by

the Governor. 261. Relative to the transfer of

causes pending in courts. 262. Election of members of General

Assembly. - Dissolution of General Assembly elected in 1878.-General Assembly to compile votes and declare the

results of election. 263. First session of the General As.

sembly elected under this

Constitution. 264. When officers shall enter upon

discharge of their duties. 265. When terms of officers shall

terminate. 266. When judicial officers shall en

enter upon discharge of their

duties. 267. The General Assembly shall

provide for the payment of

convention printer. 268. Relative to parochial and mu.

nicipal elections in New Orleans and Shreveport.

City of New Orleans. 253. The city of New Orleans shall

have the power to appoint public officers necessary for the administration of police

affairs. 254. The General Assembly shall

enact such legislation as will liquidate the indebtedness of city of New Orleans.-It shall

have power to cancel charter. 255. General Assembly to pass laws

prohibiting foreign sailors working on wharves of city of New Orleans.

PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of Louisiana, in order to establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, acknowledging and invoking the guidance of Almighty God, the author of all good government, do ordain and establish this Constitution.

BILL OF RIGHTS. Article 1. All government of right originates with the people, is founded on their will alone, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole, deriving its just powers from the consent of the governed. Its only legitimate end is to protect the citizen in the enjoyment of life, liberty and property. When it assumes other functions it is usurpation and oppression.

Art. 2. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizeures shall not be violated, and no warrant shall issue upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the person or things to be seized.

Art. 3. A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be abridged. This shall not prevent the passage of laws to punish those who carry weapons concealed.

Art. 4. No law shall be passed respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Art. 5. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servi. tude in this State otherwise than for the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. Prosecutions shall be by indictment or information: Provided, That no person shall be held to answer for a capital crime unless on a presentment or indictment by a grand jury, except in cases arising in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be twice put in jeopardy of life or liberty for the same offense, except on his own application for a new trial, or where there is a mistrial, or a motion in arrest of judg. ment is sustained.

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