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Suffrage and Elections.
Section 169. No salaried officer shall be al
lowed fees. 170. The General Assembly shall
have power to enact laws regulating the sale and use of
spirituous liquors. 171. No person intrusted with the
care of public money shall be eligible to any office of trust or profit until surrender of
said moneys. 172. Gambling is prohibited. 173. Relative to bribery of any State
officer. 174. Any person may be compelled
to testify in lawful proceedings against bribery, but said person's testimony shall not criminate him or subject him
to public infamy. 175. The General Assembly shall
pass laws to protect laborers
and property. 176. Relative to mortgages or priv
ileges on immovable property. 177. Privileges on movable property
exist without registration. 178. The General Assembly shall
provide for the interest of State medicine, and for the
health of the citizens. 179. The General Assembly shall
create a bureau of agriculture and provide for expenditures
of the same. 180. The New Basin Canal and Shell
road shall not be leased. The Governor shall appoint a superintendent of canals.
Section 184. The people shall elect by ballot.
-Representative election shall
be by voice. 185. Relative to the qualifications
of an elector. 186. The General Assembly shall
provide for the registration of
voters. 187. Any person who has been convicted of treason
or other crimes shall not vote or hold
any public office. 188. No restriction on account of
color or race shall be placed
on voting. 189. Electors shall be free from ar
rest during elections except for treason, felony or breach
of the peace. 190. The General Assembly shall
by law forbid the sale of spirituous liquors on election day within a certain distance
of the polls. 191. The general election shall be
held every four years, on the Tuesday following the third
Monday in April. 192. Parochial and municipal elec
tions in New Orleans and Shreveport shall be held on the same day as the general
election. 193. For the purpose of voting, no
person shall be deemed to have gained or lost a residence by his presence or absence in the service of the United
States. 194. The General Assembly shall
provide by law for the trial and determination of all con
tested elections. 195. No person shall be eligible to
any office who is not a citizen of the State and a duly qualified voter of the judicial dis. trict, parish, municipality or ward wherein the functions of said office are to be exercised. And whenever any of
181. The General Assembly shall
provide for the militia of the
State. 182. The militia shall not receive
any compensation when not
in actual service. 183. The General Assembly may
exempt from military services.--The Governor may call out the militia.
ficer may remove his residence from the State, judicial district, etc., in which he holds office, the same shall thereby be vacated.
Impeachment and Removal from Office. 196. Relative to the impeachment of
Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Attorney-General, Superintendent of Pub
lic Instruction. 197. House of Representatives shall
have sole power of impeachment.-All impeachments to be tried by Senate.-Judg.
ments. 197. In cases of impeachments to ex
tend only to removal from office and disqualification from holding same, but shall also be liable to prosecution, trial and punishment according to
law. 198. All officers against whom articles
impeachment have been preferred shall be suspended from the exercise of
the functions of their offce. 199. For reasonable cause, the Gov
ernor shall remove any officer
the members of the General
on the journal of each house. 200. Removal from office of judges. 201. Removal from office of sheriffs,
clerks, district attorneys and
maintain the government and all expenses pertaining to wel. fare and instruction of inhab
itants. 205. The power to tax corporations
and corporate property shall never be surrendered or sus. pended by act of General As
sembly. 206. The General Assembly may levy
a license tax. 207. Articles exempt from taxation. 208. General Assembly, to levy an
annual poll tax for support
of public schools. 209. Limit of taxation. 210. Relative to forfeiture of proper
ty for non-payment of taxes. 211. How tax shall be designated
and when tax is collectable. 212, The Legislature shall pass no
law postponing the payment of taxes, except in cases of overflow, general conflagration, general destruction of the crops
or other public calamity. 213. A tax for the maintenance of
the levees will be exacted an
nually. 214. General Assembly to divide the
State into levee districts and to provide for the election of levee commissioners and a tax to support these said commis
sioners. 215. The provisions of the above
two articles shall cease when the Federal government shall take possession of said levees. -The Federal government is authorized to make geological, topographical, etc., surveys and investigations with
in the State. 216. General Assembly shall have
power, with the concurrence of adjacent States, to divide the country into levee districts, partly in this State
and adjacent States. 217. License of corporations domi
ciled out of the State.
Perenue and Taxation.
202. General Assembly to exercise
a taxing power. 203. General Assembly to provide a
system of equality and uni
formity in assessments. 204. The taxing power shall be exercised only to carry on and
Section 232. Women shall be allowed to vote
under the school laws.—The Free school fund, Seminary fund, and Agricultural and
Mechanical College fund. 233. Relative to the fund of the Ag
ricultural and Mechanical College.
234. Relative to the forfeiture of
charters of corporations. 235. Corporations not to infringe on
the rights of individuals. 236. No foreign corporation shall do
business without having one
or more known agents
lection of taxes shall apply to
Homesteads and Exemptions.
from seizure and sale.
valuation of the homestead.-
to supplement his exemption. 222. The homestead not susceptible
for the protection of credit-
224. There shall be free public
schools established by the
ad amount to each parish.
Instruction to be elected.-
schools shall be in the Eng
collection of the poll tax shall
of public schools.
port of the public schools
to sectarian schools.
sist of. 230. University of Louisiana as es
tablished is recognized in its
in New Orleans a university
whom process may be served. 237. No corporation shall engage in
business other than that expressly authorized in its con
stitution. 238. No corporation shall issue stock or bonds
except for work actually done. 239. The stock of any corporation
shall not be increased except
in pursuance of general laws. 240. The term corporation as used
in this Constitution shall be construed to include all joint stock companies or associa
tions. 241. Relative to bank officers receive
ing deposits after the bank is
insolvent. 242. The General Assembly shall
have power to enact laws authorizing parish or municipal
officers to levy special taxes. 243. Any railroad corporation shall
have the right to construct and operate a railroad in this State.-Every railroad shall have the right to intersect or
cross any other railroad. 244. Railroads are hereby declared
public highways. 245. Every railroad corporation
doing business shall have an office for transaction of general business.
Amendment and Revision of Constitu
tion. Section 256. If two-thirds of members of
General Assembly vote for proposed amendments they shall be submitted to vote of electors of State.
Schedule. 257. The Constitution adopted in 1868
and all amendments thereto are superseded by this con
stitution. 258. Monopoly feature of corpora.
tions abolished. 259. No office to be superseded by
thd effect of this Constitu
tion. 260. Appointments to be made by
the Governor. 261. Relative to the transfer of
causes pending in courts. 262. Election of members of General
Assembly. - Dissolution of General Assembly elected in 1878.-General Assembly to compile votes and declare the
results of election. 263. First session of the General As.
sembly elected under this
Constitution. 264. When officers shall enter upon
discharge of their duties. 265. When terms of officers shall
terminate. 266. When judicial officers shall en
enter upon discharge of their
duties. 267. The General Assembly shall
provide for the payment of
convention printer. 268. Relative to parochial and mu.
nicipal elections in New Orleans and Shreveport.
City of New Orleans. 253. The city of New Orleans shall
have the power to appoint public officers necessary for the administration of police
affairs. 254. The General Assembly shall
enact such legislation as will liquidate the indebtedness of city of New Orleans.-It shall
have power to cancel charter. 255. General Assembly to pass laws
prohibiting foreign sailors working on wharves of city of New Orleans.
PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of Louisiana, in order to establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, acknowledging and invoking the guidance of Almighty God, the author of all good government, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
BILL OF RIGHTS. Article 1. All government of right originates with the people, is founded on their will alone, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole, deriving its just powers from the consent of the governed. Its only legitimate end is to protect the citizen in the enjoyment of life, liberty and property. When it assumes other functions it is usurpation and oppression.
Art. 2. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizeures shall not be violated, and no warrant shall issue upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the person or things to be seized.
Art. 3. A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be abridged. This shall not prevent the passage of laws to punish those who carry weapons concealed.
Art. 4. No law shall be passed respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Art. 5. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servi. tude in this State otherwise than for the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. Prosecutions shall be by indictment or information: Provided, That no person shall be held to answer for a capital crime unless on a presentment or indictment by a grand jury, except in cases arising in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be twice put in jeopardy of life or liberty for the same offense, except on his own application for a new trial, or where there is a mistrial, or a motion in arrest of judg. ment is sustained.