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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF KANSAS.

Preamble.

Bill of rights.
I. Executive.
II. Legislative.
III. Judicial.
IV. Elections.

V. Suffrage.
VI. Education.
VII. Public institutions.
VIII. ilitia
IX. County and township organi-

zation.
X. Apportionment.
XI. Finance and taxation.
XII. Corporations.
XIII. Banks and currency.
XIV. Amendments.
XV. Miscellaneous.

Schedule.
Resolutions.
Amendments.

Bill of Rights. Section 1. All men equal.-Inalienable

rights. 2. Origin of political power.-Ob.

jects of governments.-No special privileges to be granted.--This power not to be exercised by any tribunal

or

Section
7. Religious freedom.-No religious

tests allowed.
8. Right of habeas corpus.
9. Right of bail.-Excessive bail.-

Cruel punishments. 10. Rights of persons accused of

crime.- Witnesses.-Counsel. Witness against ones-self.

Twice in jeopardy. 11. Freedom of speech and of the

press. –Trials of libel. 12. Trial to be within the State.

Corruption of blood.-Forfeit

ure. 13. Treason defined.-How punished. 14. Quartering of soldiers. 15. Security against illegal seizures

and searches. 16. Imprisonment for debt not al

lowed except in case of fraud. 17. No distinction between citizens

and aliens as to property. 18. Right of justice. 19. Hereditary emoluments not al

lowed. 20. This enumeration of rights not

to impair others remaining with the people.

agency. 3. Right of assembling and peti

tioning. 4. Right of bearing arms.-Stand

ing armies.-Military to be

subordinate to civil power. 5. Right of trial by jury. 6. Slavery prohibited.

ARTICLE I.

Executive 1. Executive department. How

composed.-Elected for two

years.-Term, when to begin. 2. Elections, how returned.-State

canvassers.-Case of equal vote.

or

Section 10. Journals.-Yeas and nays.-Ad

journments. 11. Right of protest.-To be entered

upon journals. 12. Origin of bills.-Amendments. 13. Majority elected necessary to

pass bills. 14. To be signed by Governor.-Veto

power. 15. To be read on three separate

days.-When this rule may be

suspended. 16. Bills to embrace but one subject,

-Laws.--How revived

Section
3. Supreme executive powers vest-

ed in Governor to see that laws

are executed. 4. May require information in

writing. 5. May convene Legislature on

extraordinary occasions.-Mes

sages.-Recommend measures. 6. May adjourn both houses in cer

tain cases. 7. Pardoning power. 8. State seal to be kept by Goy

ernor. 9. Commissions, how issued, signed

and sealed. 10. Certain officers not eligible as

Governor. 11. In case of vacancy, Lieutenant

Governor to act residue of

term. 12. Lieutenant-Governor to be Pres

ident of Senate.-Shall vote

when President pro tempore. 13. Case of vacancy in office of Lieu

tenant-Governor or acting as

Governor. 14. Vacancies in other offices of ex

ecutive department. 15. Pay of officers of executive de

partment.-Neither increased

nor diminished. 16. To report to Governor before

each session of Legislature.

amended. 17. General laws.-To be uniform in

operation. 18. No divorces to be granted by

Legislature. 19. Limitation of laws.-Publication.

-Power to provide for elec

tions. 20. Enacting clause of laws.-NO

law to be passed except by

bill. 21. Local legislation may be al

lowed. 22. Freedom of legislative debate.

Privilege of members. 23. Schools to be provided.-No dis

tinction between sexes

rights. 24. No money to be drawn from

treasury but by law.-Appro

priations limited to two years. 25. Sessions held at State capital.

When to commence. 26. Census once in ten years.-In 1865

and after. 27. Impeachments.--To be tried by

Senate. 28. Officers liable to impeachment.

Limit of judgment.-Further

trial. 29. General election in 1876.—There

after elect members of House for two years, Senate four years.

ARTICLE III,

Judicial. 1. Judicial power, how vested.

All courts of record to have a seai.

as to

ARTICLE II.

Legislative. 1. Legislative power, how vested. 2. House of Representatives.-Sen

ate.-Number limited.-Basis

of representation 3. Pay of members.--Mileage.

Limit. 4. Qualification of members. 5. Members of Congress, etc., not

eligible.-Acceptance to vacant

seat. 6. Embezzlement or misuse of pub

lic funds to forfeit seat. 7. Oath of office of State officers. 8. Quorum.-Rules.-Judges of elec

tion of members. 9. Vacancies in both houses.

| Section 3. Soldiers, etc., not to gain right

by residence.-Not to vote.

Do not gain or loose. 4. Proofs as to those entitled to

vote. 5. Duelling to disqualify from hold

ing office. 6. Bribery at elections to disqualify

for the term to which elected. 7. Privilege of electors from arrest.

ARTICLE VI.

Education. 1. State Superintendent of Public

Instruction.-A superintendent

in each county.-Term. 2. Intellectual improvement, etc.,

to be encouraged.-Schools of

high grade. 3. Proceeds of certain public lands.

Other sources of school

fund. 4. Distribution of school funds an

nually.--No State funds unless three months schools each

year. 5. School lands.-When sold.-Re

valuation once in five years.

Leased, when. 6. Sundry moneys applied to school

purposes. 7. State university-Normal schools

University fund. 8. No religious sect to have con

trol of school or university

funds. 9. Board of commissioners.-To havo

management of school funds.

ARTICLE VII.

Public Institutions. 1. Benevolent institutions to be sup

ported by State.-Trustees, how

appointed. 2. Penitentiary. Directors, how

elected. 3. Vacancies in office, how filled. 4. Support of aged and infirm by

counties.

ARTICLE VIII.

Militia. 1. How composed.-Persons

Section
2. Supreme Court, how composed.-

Quorum.-Term.-First election. 3. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court.

Terms. 4. Officers of court to be appointed.

-Terms. 5. Judicial districts.-One judge in

each.-Term.--Duties. 6. Jurisdiction of District Courts. 7. Clerks of District Court.-Term. 8. Probate Courts.-Jurisdiction.

To consist of one judge.-Elect

ed.-Compensation. 9. Justices of the Peace.-Term.

Powers.-Number. 10. Appeals from Probate Courts

and Justices of the Peace. 11. Election of judicial officers.-Va

cancies.-How filled. 12. Judicial officers to hold until suc

cessors have qualified. 13. Salaries, not to be increased dur

ing term.-Not to receive fees.

Not to practice law. 14. Judicial districts ma be in

creased during term.-Not to

vacate any office. 15. Removal of justices and judges. 16. Jurisdiction at chambers.--To be

regulated by law. 17. Style of process.-Authority for

prosecution. 18. Judicial districts. 19. Counties may be attached for

judicial purposes. 20. Judges pro tempore in certain

cases.

ARTICLE IV.

Elections.

1. Election by the people to be by

ballot.-In Legislature to be

viva voce. 2. Elections.-When held.

ARTICLE V.

Suffrage. 1. Qualifications of electors.-Class

es entitled to privilege.
2. Classes excluded.-Defaulters to

government.—Those guilty of
bribery.-Disloyal persons.

may be exempted.

who Section 2. Militia to be organized and dis

ciplined. 3. Election of militia officers. 4. Governor commander-in-chief.

When to call out militia.

ARTICLE IX. County and Toronship Organizations. 1. Organization of new counties.

County lines.-County seats.--
Change of seat.-Least area of

new county. 2. County and township officers. 3. County officers to hold two years,

etc., except commissioners, who hold three.-Sheriff and

treasurer limited. 4. Township officers.-Term annual,

except justices of the peace. 5. Removal of county and township

officers,

ARTICLE XII.

Corporations. Section 1. No special acts to be passed

conferring corporate power.General laws. — Subject to

amendment or repeal. 2. Individual liability of stock

holders. 3. Religious corporations, how title

vested. 4. Right of way.-Payment, how

made or secured. 5. Organization of cities and towns. 6. Term corporation" defined.

May sue and be sued.

ARTICLE X.

Apportionment. 1. Each county to have at least

one Representative.-Districts. 2. Basis of representation.-The cen

sus once every five years. 3. Present apportionment in the

two Houses.

ARTICLE XIII.

Banks and Currency. 1. No bank to be established but

by general law. 2. Security required from banks.

Auditor to register and coun

tersign bills. 3. Additional security.-When re

quired. 4. Redemption of circulating notes.

-Holders of notes to have preference in case of insolv

ency. 5. State not to be a stockhoder in

any bank. 6. Banks required to keep offices

and officers at convenient

places in State. 7. Limit of denomination of notes. 8. Banking law to be submitted to

vote of people. 9. Any banking law may be

amended or repealed.

ARTICLE XI.

Finance and Taxation. 1. Assessment and taxation to be

uniform.-Property exempted. 2. Taxing of notes, bills, etc., of

banks and bankers. 3. Revenues to pay current expen

ses of the State. 4. No tax to be levied but by law.

--The object to be stated.--To

be applied to no other purpose. 5. State debt limited.--Laws creat

ing debt.-How passed. 6. To be submitted to direct vote

of people. 7. State may borrow money to re

pel invasion, etc.-Money thus raised to be applied exclusively

to its object. 8. State not to carry on internal

improvements.

ARTICLE XIV.

Amendments. 1. How proposed by Legislature.

How ratified by people. 2. Convention, how called.

ARTICLE XV.

Miscellaneous 1. Officers not otherwise provided

for to be as law directs. 2. Tenure may be fixed by law.-If

not fixed, to be at pleasure of

Section

appointing power.-Not over

four years. 3. Lotteries and sale

of lottery tickets prohibited. 4. Public printer, how elected.

Term of office. 5. Receipts and expenditures to be

published. 6. Protection of rights of married

women. 7. Salaries may be reduced for ne

glect of legal duty. 8. Temporary seat of government.

Permanent location by popular

vote. 9. Homestead exemption. 10. Prohibition.

SCHEDULE. 1. Continuation of suits, actions, etc. 2. Fines, penalties, bonds, etc., con

tinued. 3. Governor, secretary, judges, etc.,

to hold until superseded. 4. Continuance of laws until re

pealed or expiration. 5. Governor to use private seal

until State seal is provided. 6. Certain offices to be kept at seat

of government. 7. Records, documents, books, etc.,

how disposed of. 8. Suits, pleas, proceedings, etc.,

to continue.

Section 9. Vote on adoption or rejection of

Constitution. 10. Vote.--How to be cast. 11. If adopted, an election to be held

for members of Legislature and

other officers. 12. Persons allowed to vote at first

election, 13. Votes to be registered. 14. Judges of election to take an

oath.–Vacancies in board.

How filled. 15. Hours of election. 16. Poll books to be furnished. 17. Votes, how counted.-Returns.

how made. 18. Poll books and tally lists, how

kept or returned.-Time for

making returns. 19. County tribunals to

canvass votes.--TO make returns to

president of convention. 20. Board of State canvassers.-Re

sults, how declared. 21. Proclamation announcing result. 22. Copies to be transmitted to Presi.

dent and officers of Congress. 23. Duty of Governor upon notice of

admission of State. 24. First Legislature not to change

county lines. 25. Separate vote on homestead

question.

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