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Article 1. Bill of rights. 2. Suffrage and election. 3. Distribution of powers. 4. Legislative. 6. Executive. 6. The administrative. 7. Judicial. 8. Education. 9. State institutions. 10. Finance. 11. Corporations. 12. Militia, 13. Political and municipal corpora

14. Boundaries.
15. Miscellaneous.
16. Amendments.



Bill of Rights. Section 1. All men are naturally equal and

have certain inalienable rights. - Origin of power and object

of government. 2. Religious freedom. 3. Lawg not to control religious

opinion. 4. No preference to be given to any

particular sect. 6. Religious tests and qualifica

tions for office not allowed. 6. No money to be drawn from the

treasury for religious or the

logical Institutions. 7. Witnesses not rendered Incom

petent on account of religion. 8. Mode of administering oaths. 9. Freedom of speech and of the


Section 10. Prosecutions for libel. 11. Exemption from illegal seizure,

and searches. 12. Courts open.- Right of Justice. 13. Rights of persons accused of

crime.-Witnesses.- Counsel. 14. Second trial forbidden.- Not to

testify against one's self. 15. Confinement in jail not to be un

necessarily rigorous. 16. Excessive bail and fines.- Cruel

punishments. 17. Right of bail. 18. Penal Code founded on princi

ples of reformation. 19. Juries to determine the law and

facts. 20. Right of trial by Jury in civil

cases. 21. Particular services or private

property not to be taken with

out payment. 22. Imprisonment for debt not al

lowed. 23. Exclusive privileges not to be

allowed. 24. Ex post facto laws forbidden.

Contracts. 25. No law to be passed by any

authority not recognized in

Constitution. 26. Laws only to be suspended by

General Assembly. 27. Privilege of writ of habeas cor

pus. 28. Treason defined. 29. Treason, how proven. 30. Conviction not to work corrup

tion of blood or forfeiture. 31. The people have the right to as

semble together in a peaceable Section

manner to consult for the com

mon good. 32. Right of bearing arms. 33. Military subordinate to civil

power. 34. Quartering of soldiers. 35. Titles of nobility and hereditary

distinctions forbidden. 36. Emigration from State not to be

forbidden. 37. Slavery forbidden. - Indentures

of negroes made out of State not valid in it.


Suffrage and Election. 1. Elections free and equal. 2. Qualifications of voters. 3. Persons in army and navy not

to gain right by being sta

tioned. 4. Absence in service of State or

United States not to forfeit

rights. 6. Negroes and mullatoes denied

the right of voting. (Stricken

out.) 8. Bribery at elections to forfeit

right. 7. Duelling to disqualify from vot

Ing. 8. Laws may be passed depriving

criminals of the right to vote

or hold office. 9. No person holding a lucrative

office or appointment under the United States, or under this State, shall hold office. — Ex

ceptions. 10. Non-accounting holders of public

money to be eligible to office. 11. Appointments pro tempore. 12. Electors privileged from arrest. 13. Election by the people to be by

ballot by the General Assembly

viva voce. 14. Day of general election.


Legislutive. Section 1. Powers, how vested.- Style of

laws. 2. The number of each house.

Chosen by counties and dis

tricts. 3. Term of members of each house.

Classification of Senators.- In

case of injuries. 4. Census to be taken once in six

years.--Who to be enumerated. 5. Apportionment. 6. Districts not to be separated. 7. Qualification of members.-Least

age. 8. Privilege of members. - Freedom

of debate. 9. Sessions biennial. - Special ses

sions. 10. Powers of each house.-Adjourn

ments. 11. Two-thirds of each house shall

constitute a quorum.- Each

house shall keep a journal. 13. Doors to be open, except. 14. Punishment of members.- Ex

pulsion. 15. Power over persons not mem

bers. 16. Each house to have powers nec

essary in a free and independ

ent State. 17. Bills may originate in either

house. 18. Every bill shall be read on three

separate days in each house. 19. Every act shall embrace but one

subject, and matters properly

connected therewith. 20. Every act and joint resolution

shall be plainly worded. 21. No act shall be revised or

amended by mere reference to

its title. 22. The General Assembly shall not

pass local or special laws as in any of the following enumer

ated cases. 23. General laws shall be of uniform

operation. 24. Suits against the State.-Special

acts for this not allowed.


Distribution of Powers. 1. The legislative, the executive

and the judicial.

Section 25. Bills to be passed by a majority

of those elected. 26. Right of protest. 27. Every law to be public, if not

otherwise declared. 28. Publication of laws, in cases of

emergencies. 29. Pay of members. Mileage.

Limit of sessions. 30. Members not eligible to certain

other offices.


mittee of the whole.- Casting

vote. 22. Salary of Governor. 23. Of Lieutenant-Governor. 24. They are not eligible to other



Administrative. 1. State officers, eligible four years

in six. 2. County officers.-- Terms.- Limit

of eligibility. 3. Other county and township offi

cers to be elected by law. 4. Officers must be voters.- Limit

of residence. 5. Official residence of State offi

cers. 6. Residence and offices of county

officers, etc. 7. Removal of State officers. 8. Impeachment or removal

of officers. 9. Vacancies in county and town

ship offices. 10. Powers may be conferred upon

county boards.




Education. 1. Executive power vested in Gov

ernor.-- Not to be elected two

consecutive terms. 2. Lieutenant-Governor.-- Term. 3. When elected. 4. How elected.- Returns of elec

tion. 5. In case of tie, how settled. 6. Contested elections to be deter

mined by law. 7. Qualifications for the office. 8. Members of Congress.- Of Fed

eral offices, not eligible. 9. Beginning of term. 10. Vacancy in office of Governor,

how filled. 11. President of the Senate in case

Lieutenant-Governor serves as

Governor. 12. The Governor shall be command

er-in-chief of the militia. 13. To communicate by a message. 14. To sign bills.-Veto power lim

ited. 15. To transact business with offi

cers of government.- May re

quire information. 16. He shall take care that the laws

are faithfully executed. 17. Pardoning powers. 18. To fill certain vacancies in office. 19. To issue writs of election to fill

vacancies. 20. May in certain cases

General Assembly elsewhere than at the seat of govern

ment. 21. Lieutenant-Governor to preside

in Senate.-May speak in com

1. Judicial powers of the State,

how vested. 2. Supreme Court, how organized.

- Quorum.-- Terms of judges. 3. The State shall be divided into

as many districts as there are

judges of the Supreme Court. 4. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. 5. Decision to be in writing and of

record. 8. Publication of decisions.

Judges not to report decisions. 7. Clerk of the Supreme Court.

Terms and duties. 8. Circuit Courts.-Jurisdiction. 9. Judicial Circuits. — Judges.

Terms.- Residence. 10. Exchange of circuits by judges.

- Case of inability to hold

court. 11. A prosecuting attorney in each




Section 12. Removal of judges and prose

cuting attorneys. 13. Salaries of judges. 14. Justices of the peace.- Terms.

- Powers. 15. Conservators of the peace. 16. Judicial officers not eligible to

any other offices. 17. General Assembly may modify

or abolish grand jury system. 18. Style of process.- Authority of

criminal prosecutions. 19. Tribunals of conciliation.-To be

binding only when parties

consent. 20. Commissioners to revise rules,

etc.- May reduce the laws to

a code. 21. Every voter entitled to admis

sion to practice law.

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1. Duty of the State to encourage

improvements in schools. 2. The common school fund shall

consist of the Congressional township fund, and the lands

belonging thereto, etc. 3. The principle to remain invio

late.-Income to be applied

for no purpose but schools. 4. Investment of school fund.

Distribution. 5. In case of failure to demand its

proportion by any county. 6. Counties liable for safe keeping

of school fund. 7. Trust funds to be inviolable. 8. The election of Superintendent

of Public Instruction.- Terms and duties.

Corporations. 1. No bank or banking company

to be created, except as pre

scribed by Constitution. 2. Banking law for all banks, ex

cept under section 4. 3. In case of a banking law being

passed, bills to be countersigned, securities, under State

control. 4. A bank with branches may be

chartered. 5. Mutual responsibility of branch

es. 6. Liability of bank stockholders. 7. Redemption of bills in gold or

silver. - No suspension of specie payments to be al

lowed. 8. Preference to bill. - Holders in

case of insolvency. 9. Banks not to receive a greater

rate of interest than indi

viduals. 10. Banks to close business within

twenty years. 11. Trust funds may be invested in

with banks.- Safety to be

guaranteed. 12. State not to become a stockholder after present



State Institutions.

1. Benevolent institutions to be

maintained. 2. Houses of refuge to be provided. 3. Who are to be supported on

fiues and in asylums.

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