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Section 20. The seal of the State. 21. The Secretary of State to be

custodian of the State seal.He shall also keep a register of the official acts of the Gov

ernor. 22. How grants and commissions are

to be issued. 23. The Governor to have power to

fill any vacancy which may occur in any of the State

offices. 24. Duties of the State Treasurer,

Secretary of State, Auditor,

etc. 25. In regard to fees, costs, per

quisites of office, other than

the salaries prescribed by law. 26. Term of office of the sheriff.

His election, etc.

Section 15. Their term of office. 16. Duties of the judges of the Su

preme Court, Circuit Courts

and inferior courts. 17. Vacancies in the office of any

of the judges. 18. In any case, civil or criminal,

pending in any Circuit, Chancery or City Court in this State, if the presiding judge or chancellor shall be incompetent to try or render judgment, the parties or their attorneys of record may agree upon some disinterested person practicing

in the court to try the case. 19. When the judges or chancellors

fail to attend regular terms. 20. No judge of any Court of Rec

ord shall practice law in any

of the courts of this State. 21. Registers in Chancery. 22. Clerk of the Supreme Court. 23. Clerks of the Circuit Courts.

--Vacancies in such offices. 24. Removal from office of the clerk

of the Supreme Court and reg

isters in chancery. 25. Election of solicitors for each

judicial circuit. 26. Election of justices of the peace

and constables in each precinct of the counties.— Right to appeal in cases tried before jus

tices. 27. Election of the Attorney-Gene

ral.- His residence. 28. The style of all process shall be.


Judicial Department. 1. The judicial power of the State

shall be vested in the Senate. 2. Power of the Supreme Court. 3. Supreme Court to be held at the

seat of government. 4. Division of the State by the

General Assembly. 5. Jurisdiction of the Circuit Court. 6. Where the Circuit Court shall be

held.- Power of the judges. 7. Power of the General Assembly.

- Division of the State by the

General Assembly. 8. Where the Chancery Court shall

be held. 9. The General Assembly shall have

power to establish within the

State a Court of Probate. 10. Compensation of the judges of

the Supreme Court Circuit

Court and chancellors. 11. Of whom the Supreme Court

shall consist. 12. Election of the officers of the

Supreme Court, Circuit Courts,

Probate Courts, etc. 13. How judges of the inferior courts

shall be appointed. 14. Qualifications of the judges of

the Supreme Court Circuit Courts, chancellors, etc.



1. Enumeration of those who may

be removed from office by im

peachment. 2. In case an appeal is taken to the

Supreme Court in any of the

above cases. 3. All county officers may be re

moved from office for any of the causes specified in section

1 of this article, provided. 4. Penalties in cases arising under

the three preceding sections.


Suffrage and Elections. Section 1. Qualifications necessary to vote.


Representation. 1. The number of Senators. 2. Or whom the House of Repre

sentatives shall consist. 3. Duty of the General Assembly

in regard to the number of

Representatives, provided. 4. Division of the State into sena

torial districts. 5. In case the census of the United

States is not taken, or if when taken, the same in regard to this State is not full and satis

factory. 6. Number of Representatives from

each county. 7. The senatorial districts shall be

as follows.

Section 4. Power of the General Assembly

to levy taxes. 5. Power of the counties to levy

taxes. 6. Property of private corporations

and individuals shall forever

be taxed, provided. 7. Rate of taxation to be levied by

city, town or other municipal

corporation, 8. Enumeration of the officers

whose salaries shall be reduced after the ratification of

this Constitution. 9. The General Assembly shall not

have the power to require the counties or other municipal corporations to

pay any charges which are now payable out of the State treasury.


Militra. 1. Those who are liable to do mili

tary duty in the militia of the

State. 2. The duties of the General Assem

bly in organizing and equip

ping a militia. 3. Each company and regiment

shall elect its own officers.-In

case they fail to do so. 4. Volunteer organizations of in

fantry, cavalry and artillery may be formed as provided by

law. 5. The militia and volunteer forces

during their attendance elections, musters, etc., shall be

exempt from arrest, except. 6. The Governor to be Commander

in-Chief of the militia, unless. 7. The General Assembly to provide

for the safe keeping of the

arms, ammunition, etc. 8. Pay of the officers and men of

the militia when not in active service.


Erempted Property. 1. Personal property of any resi

dent of this State to be ex

empt from sale, etc. 2. When homesteads shall be ex

empt from sale. 3. The homestead of a family after

the death of the owner. 4. Laborer's lien for work done and

performed for person claiming

such exemption. 5. On the death of the owner of a

homestead, leaving a widow, but no children, disposition of

the homestead. 6. The real and personal property

of any female in this State. 7. When exemptions hereinbefore secured may be waived.


Taxation. 1. Assessment of property. 2. No power to levy taxes shall be

delegated to individuals or

private corporations. 3. In regard to a new debt after

the ratification of this constitution.



Education. 1. A system of public schools to be

maintained by the General Assembly.- Separate schools


may be provided for the children of citizens of African

descent. 2. The principal of all funds shall

be preserved inviolate.- The income thereof to be applied to the specific objects of the original grants or appropria

tions. 3. In regard to property given by

individuals or appropriated by the State for educational pur

poses. 4. The General Assembly shall pro

vide for the levying and col

lection of an annual poll tax. 5. In regard to the income arising

from the sixteenth section trust fund and the surplus

revenue fund. 6. How much of the money raised

or appropriated shall be ex

pended. 7. The Superintendent of Education

shall have supervision of the

public schools. 8. No money raised or appropriated

for the public schools shall be used to support any sectarian

or denominational school. 9. Under whose management the

State University and the Agricultural and Mechanical College shall be.- Of whom the board of the University shall

consist. 10. The General Assembly shall have

no power to change the location of the State University,

etc. 11. How the provisions of this article

shall apply to Mobile county.

Section charter of

any corporation, now existing. 4. Foreign corporations. 5. No corporation shall engage in

any business other than that expressly authorized in its

charter. 6. In regard to the issue of bonds

by corporations. 7. Private property taken for pub

lic use. - Right to appeal from

an assessment. 8. How dues from private corpora

tions shall be secured. - No stockholder liable for more than the paid up stock owned

by him. 9. The issue of preferred stock by

corporations. 10. Power of the General Assembly

to alter, revoke or amend any charter of incorporation now

existing 11. Rights of telegraph companies. 12. All corporations shall have the

right to sue or to be sued. 13. The term corporation defined.

Banks and Banking. 14. Power of the General Assembly

to establish or incorporate any

bank or banking company. 15. All banks to be established under

the banking law. 16. In regard to bills and notes

issued as money. 17. Holders of bank notes and de

positors. 18. Every bank or banking company

shall be required to cease all banking operations within twenty years from the time of

its organization, unless. 19. The rate of interest to be re

ceived by banks. 20. The State shall not be a stock

holder in any bank, or give its credit.

Railrous and Canals. 21. All railroads and canals shall be

public highways.- Every railroad shall have the right to connect with any other railroad, etc.

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Section 22. The General Assembly shall pass

laws to regulate the rates of

freights and passenger tariffs. 23. No railroad shall grant free

passes or sell tickets at a dis

count. 24. No street passenger railway

shall be constructed within the limits of any city or town without the consent of the

local authorities. 25. No railroad, canal, etc., shall

have the benefit of any future legislation other than.


Oath of Office. 1. Those who shall take the oath of

office.- The oath of office.


altering or amending the Constitution of this State, unless.

SCHEDULE. 1. All laws in force at the ratifica

tion of this Constitution shall

remain in force, until. 2. In regard to the bonds executed

by any officer of this State. All indictments found or which may be found shall be proceeded upon in the same manner as if this Constitution had

not been ratified. 3. All judicial and executive officers

and all other officers holding office at the time of the ratification of this Constitution shall continue to hold office,

except. 4. This Constitution shall be sub

mitted to the qualified electors of this State for ratification or

rejection. 6. Steps to be taken to give pub

licity and circulation to this

Constitution. 7. All laws requiring an enumera

tion of the inhabitants of this State during the year 1875 are

hereby voided. 8. The Board of Education in this

State is hereby voided. 9. The salaries of the executive and

judicial and all other officers of this State who may be holding office at the time of the ratification of this Constitution shall not be affected by the provisions of this Constitution,


Miscellaneous Provisions. 1. No person holding any office of

profit under the United States shall hold any other office, ex

cept. 2. The duty of the General Assem

bly to enact all laws necessary to give effect to the provisions of this Constitution,

ARTICLE XVII. Mode of Amending Constitution. 1. The General Assembly may,

whenever two-thirds of each house shall deem it necessary, propose amendments to this

Constitution. 2. No convention shall be here

after held for the purpose of


We, the people of the State of Alabama, in order to establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure to ourselves and to our posterity, life, liberty, and property, profoundly grateful to Almighty God for this inestimable right and invoking His favor and guidance, do ordain and establish the following Constitution and form of government for the State of Alabama:


Declaration of rights. That the great, general and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established, we declare

1. That all men are equally free and independent; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuits of happiness.

2. That all persons resident in this State, born in the United States, or naturalized, or who shall have legally declared their intention to become citizens of the United States, are hereby declared citizens of the State of Alabama, possessing equal civil and political rights.

3. That all political power is inherent in the people, and all free governments are founded in their authority, and instituted for their benefit; and that, therefore, they have at all times an inalienable and indefeasible right to change their form of government, in such manner as they may deem expedient.

4. That no religion shall be established by law; that no preference shall be given by law to any religious sect, society, denomination, or mode of worship; that no one shall be compelled by law to attend any place of worship, nor to pay any tithes, taxes or other rate for the building or repairing any placé of worship, or for maintaining any minister or mininstry; that no religious test shall be required as a qualification to any office or public trust, under this State; and that the civil rights, privileges and capacities of any citizens shall not be in any manner affected by his religious principles.

5. "That any citizen may speak write and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

6. That the people shall be secure in their persons, homes, papers, and possessions, from unreasonable seizures or searches,

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