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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF FLORIDA.

CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA.

ARTICLES. 1. Boundaries. 2. Distribution of powers. 3. Legislative department. 4. Executive department. 5. Judiciary department. 6. Suffrage and eligibility. 7. Census and apportionment. 8. Counties and cities. 9. Taxation and finance. 10. Homestead and exemptions. 11. Married Women's property. 12. Education. 13. Public instruction. 14. Militia. 15. Public health. 16. Miscellaneous provisions. 17. Amendments. 18. Schedule. 19. Local option,

Section 10. When trials to be upon present

ment or indictment, or other

wise. 11. Public, speedy and impartial

trial guaranteed to all. Attendance of witnesses compulsory. Copy of indictment

to be furnished accused. 12. Twice in jeopardy. Life and

liberty not to be taken without

due process of law. 13. Freedom of speech and press. 14. When costs are payable. 15. Rights of petition. 16. Imprisonment for debt. 17. Ex post facto law. 18. Rights of foreigners. 19. Slavery not tolerated. 20. Right to bear arms. 21. Military subordinate to civil

power. 22. The people shall be secure from

unreasonable seizures. 23. Treason.-What testimony re

quired to convict of. 24. This enumeration of rights does

not impair other rights retained by the people.

ORDINANCES.
No. 1.
No. 2.
No. 3.

PREAMBLE.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Natural and inalienable rights. 2. Purposes of government. Para

mount allegiance. 3. Jury trial. 4. Courts open to all. 5. Religious freedom. 6. No preference to be given any

church or sect. 7. Habeas corpus, to be granted

speedily and without cost. 8. Bail not to be excessive nor

punishment cruel. 9. Bail may be given, except for

capital offenses.

ARTICLE I.

Boundaries. 1. State boundaries.

ARTICLE II. Distribution of Powers. 1. Blending of powers prohibited.

ARTICLE III.

Legislative Department. 1. Legislative powers, where vest

ed.-Where sessions of Legislature are to be held.

Section

or appointment of certain

officers. 29. Governor to sign bills before

they become laws-Veto power and how exercised.-When bills not signed are to be

come laws. 29. Impeachment trials. 30. Appropriation laws restricted to

one subject. 31. United States Senator, how

elected. 32. Criminal laws not retroactive. 33. Statute of limitations not to be

retroactive.

Section 2. When to commence.--To be bi

ennial. 3. When members of House of

Representatives are to be

chosen. 4. Shall be electors.-Pay of Sena

tors and members of the

house. 5. Members forbidden to hold cer

tain offices. 6. General powers of each house.-

Presiding officers, how elect

ed. 7. What office-holders ineligible. 8. Change of residence to create

vacancy. 9. Each house may punish for dis

orderly conduct. 10. Power to compel attendance of

witnesses. 11. Quorum.--Power of less than

quorum. 12. Each house to keep a journal. 13. The doors of each house to be

kept open and session to be public, except executive ses

sions. 14. Originating bills and amending

same. 15. Enacting clause. 16. Each law restricted to but one

subject. 17. Formalities to be observed in

passing bills, and how they

shall be signed. 18. When laws are to take effect. 19. Statement of receipts and ex

penditures of public money to

be made. 20. What local and special legisla

tion is prohibited. 21. Laws to be uniform in effect.

Local or special laws, how

published and how passed. 22. Suits against the State. 23. Lotteries prohibited. 24. County and municipal govern

ments to be uniform, unless

otherwise provided. 25. General laws for certain corpo

rations required. 26. Laws for regulating elections. 27. To make provision for election

ARTICLE IV.

Erecutive Department. 1. Executive power, how vested

and styled. 2. Election of Governor, and term

of office. 3. To be eligible for the office of

Governor 4. Governor to be commander-in

chief of militia. 5. Governor to transact all execu

tive business. 6. To see that all laws are ex

ecuted. 7. Vacancies, how filled. 8. Governor may convene Legisla

ture, when. 9. Shall report condition of State

to each Legislature. 10. Power in case of disagreement

about adjournment of Legisla

ture. 11. May suspend collection of fines

and grant reprieves.-Powers

in case of treason. 12. Pardoning power, where vested,

duties, etc. 13. May call upon Supreme Court

for construction of constitu

tion. 14. Grants and commissions, how

signed and sealed. 15. Power of Governor as to sus

pension from office.-To report suspension to the Senate.When suspended officer to resume duties of office.

to

Section 16. Appointment of militia officers.

Adjutant-General and his

duties. 17. Board of commissioners of State

institutions. 18. Governor may veto items of ap

propriation bills. 19. When president of Senate or

Speaker of House of Represen

tatives, is to act as Governor. 20. Cabinet officers, how elected

and term of office. 21. Secretary of State and his

duties. 22. Attorney-General and his duties. 23. Comptroller, his duties. 24. Treasurer, his duties. 25. Superintendent of Public In

struction, his duties, 26. Commissioner of agriculture, his

duties. 27. Cabinet officers to make full re

ports to Governor to be laid

before each Legislature. 28. Cabinet officers to be installed

the same day as Governor. 29. Salaries of Governor and cabi

net.-Extra compensation forbidden.

! Section

10. Enumeration of judicial circuits, 11. Jurisdiction, original and ap

pellate.-Power to issue certain

Writs. 12. Extra territorial jurisdiction in

chancery cases may be al

lowed by law. 13. Judges to report defects in laws

ARTICLE V.

Judiciary Department. 1. Judicial powers, how vested. 2. Supreme Court, how elected.

Term of office.--Chief Justice,

how designated. 3. Who eligible to office of judge. 4. Majority a quorum.-Terms of

court. 6. Appellate jurisdiction of

Supreme Court.—Power to issue

certain writs. 6. Legislature to prescribe how

circuit judge may be called to

sit in Supreme Court. 7. Clerk of Supreme Court. 8. Circuit Courts.-How judges are

appointed. — Terms and

Attorney-General.-Attorney-General to report to Legis

lature. 14. Circuit judge to appoint court

commissioners.-Powers, . du

ties, etc. 15. State attorney, how appointed.

Duties and term.-Sheriff and clerk, "how elected.-Duties

and term. 16. County judges. 17. Jurisdiction of the same. 18. Legislature may organize Coun

ty Courts in certain cases.Jurisdiction of each court.

Prosecuting attorney. 19. Judges ad litem, how and when

appointed. 20. Referees may be appointed.

Powers and duties. 21. County commissioners to divide

counties into justice districts.

- Justices of the peace to be

elected. 22. Jurisdiction of justices of tho

peace.-Appeals, how tried. 23. Constables. 24. Criminal Court of Escambia

county and other counties, how

established. 25. Jurisdiction of Criminal Courts. 26. Terms. 27. Prosecuting attorneys for such

courts. | 28. Manner of trying offenses in

such courts. 29. County Courts to have no crimi

nal jurisdiction in certain

counties. 30. Clerk of Criminal Courts, how

elected, duties. 31. State attorney may be county

solicitor. 32. Such courts may be abolished.

charge of Circuits. 9. Salaries of Supreme and Circuit Court judges.

ex

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