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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF FLORIDA.

CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA.

Section 10. When trials to be upon present

ment or indictment, or other

wise. 11. Public, speedy and impartial

trial guaranteed to all. Attendance of witnesses compulsory. Copy of indictment

to be furnished accused. 12. Twice in jeopardy. Life and

liberty not to be taken without

due process of law. 13. Freedom of speech and press. 14. When costs are payable. 15. Rights of petition. 16. Imprisonment for debt. 17. Ex post facto law. 18. Rights of foreigners. 19. Slavery not tolerated. 20. Right to bear arms. 21. Military subordinate to civil

power. 22. The people shall be secure from

unreasonable seizures. 23. Treason-What testimony rer

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ARTICLES.

1. Boundaries. 2. Distribution of powers. 3. Legislative department. 4. Executive department. 5. Judiciary department. 6. Suffrage and eligibility. 7. Census and apportionment. 8. Counties and cities. 9. Taxation and finance. 10. Homestead and exemptions. 11. Married Women's property. 12. Education. 13. Public Instruction. 14. Militia. 15. Public health. 16. Miscellaneous provisions. 17. Amendments. 18. Schedule. 19. Local option.

quired to convict of. 24. This enumeration of rights does

not impair other rights re-
tained by the people.

ORDINANCES.
No. 1.
No. 2.
No. 3.

PREAMBLE.

Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Natural and inalienable rights. 2. Purposes of government. Para

mount allegiance. 3. Jury trial. 4. Courts open to all. 5. Religious freedom. 6. No preference to be given any

church or sect. 7. Habeas corpus, to be granted

speedily and without cost. 8. Bail not to

be excessive nor punishment cruel. 9. Bail may be given, except for

capital offenses.

ARTICLE I.

Boundaries. 1. State boundaries.

ARTICLE II. Distribution of Powers. 1. Blending of powers prohibited.

ARTICLE III.

Legislative Department. 1. Legislative powers, where vest

ed.-Where sessions of Legislature are to be held.

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Section 2. When to commence.-To be bi

ennial. 3. When members of House of

Representatives are to be

chosen. 4. Shall be electors.-Pay of Senators and

members of the house. 5. Members forbidden to hold cer

tain offices. 6. General powers of each house.

Presiding officers, how elect

ed. 7. What office-holders ineligible. 8. Change of residence to create

vacancy. 9. Each house may punish for dis

orderly conduct. 10. Power to compel attendance of

witnesses. 11. Quorum.-Power of less than

quorum. 12. Each house to keep a journal. 13. The doors of each house to be

kept open and session to be public, except executive ses

sions. 14. Originating bills and amending

same. 15. Enacting clause. 16. Each law restricted to but one

subject. 17. Formalities to be observed in

passing bills, and how they

shall be signed. 18. When laws are to take effect. 19. Statement of receipts and ex

penditures of public money to

be made. 20. What local and special legisla

tion is prohibited. 21. Laws to be uniform in effect.

Local or special laws, how

published and how passed. 22. Suits against the State. 23. Lotteries prohibited. 24. County and municipal govern

ments to be uniform, unless

otherwise provided. 25. General laws for certain corpo

rations required. 26. Laws for regulating elections. 27. To make provision for election

ARTICLE IV.

Executive Department. 1. Executive power, how vested

and styled. 2. Election of Governor, and term

of office. 3. To be eligible for the office of

Governor. 4. Governor to be commander-in

chief of militia. 5. Governor to transact all execu

tive business. 6. To see that all laws are ex

ecuted. 7. Vacancies, how filled. 8. Governor may convene Legisla

ture, when. 9. Shall report condition of State

to each Legislature. 10. Power in case of disagreement

about adjournment of Legisla

ture. 11. May suspend collection of fines

and grant reprieves.-Powers

in case of treason. 12. Pardoning power, where vested,

duties, etc. 13. May call upon Supreme Court

for construction of constitu

tion. 14. Grants and commissions, how

signed and sealed. 15. Power of Governor as to sus

pension from office.-To report suspension to the Senate.When suspended officer to resume duties of office.

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Section

! Section 16. Appointment of militia officers.- 10. Enumeration of judicial circuits. Adjutant-General and his 11. Jurisdiction, original and

apduties.

pellate.-Power to issue certain 17. Board of commissioners of State

writs. institutions.

12. Extra territorial jurisdiction in 18. Governor may veto items of ap

chancery cases may be alpropriation bills.

lowed by law. 19. When president of Senate or

13. Judges to report defects in laws Speaker of House of Represen

to "Attorney-General.-Attortatives, is to act as Governor.

ney-General to report to Legis20. Cabinet officers, how elected

lature. and term of office.

14. Circuit judge to appoint court 21. Secretary of State and his

commissioners.-Powers, . du

ties, etc. duties.

15. State attorney, how appointed.22. Attorney-General and his duties.

Duties and term.-Sheriff and 23. Comptroller, his duties.

clerk, 'how elected.-Duties 24. Treasurer, his duties.

and term. 25. Superintendent of Public In

16. County judges. struction, his duties.

17. Jurisdiction of the same. 26. Commissioner of agriculture, his

18. Legislature may organize Counduties.

ty Courts in certain cases.27. Cabinet officers to make full re

Jurisdiction of each court.ports to Governor to be laid

Prosecuting attorney. before each Legislature. 28. Cabinet officers to be installed

19. Judges ad litem, how and when

appointed. the same day as Governor. 29. Salaries of Governor and cabi

20. Referees may be appointed.

Powers and duties. net.-Extra compensation for

i bidden.

21. County commissioners to divide

counties into justice districts. ARTICLE V.

-Justices of the peace to be Juuliciary Department.

elected.

22. Jurisdiction of justices of tho 1. Judicial powers, how vested.

peace.-Appeals, how tried. 2. Supreme Court, how elected.

23. Constables. Term of office.-Chief Justice, 24. Criminal Court of Escambia how designated.

county and other counties, how 3. Who eligible to office of judge.

established. 4. Majority a quorum.-Terms of

25. Jurisdiction of Criminal Courts. court.

26. Terms. 6. Appellate jurisdiction of

Su

27. Prosecuting attorneys for such preme Court.-Power to issue

courts. certain writs.

28. Manner of trying offenses in 6. Legislature to prescribe how

such courts. circuit judge may be called to

29. County Courts to have no crimisit in Supreme Court.

nal jurisdiction in certain 7. Clerk of Supreme Court.

counties. 8. Circuit Courts.-How judges are 30. Clerk of Criminal Courts, how appointed. — Terms and ex

elected, duties. charge of Circuits.

31. State attorney may be county 9. Salaries of Supreme and Circuit

solicitor. Court judges.

32. Such courts may be abolished.

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