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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE,

or

ARTICLE 1. Section 1. Religious liberty. 2. No religiious test shall be re

quired as a qualification to any office

public trust under this State. 3. All elections shall be free and

equal. 4. Trial by jury. 5. The press. 6. The people to be secure from

unreasonable searches and

seizures. 7. In criminal prosecutions the ac

cused has a right to be heard

by himself and his counsel. 8. No person shall for any indictable

offense be proceeded against criminally except. 9. All courts shall be open. Jus

tice administered without sale

or denial. 10. Suspending laws. 11. Excessive bail or fines shall not

be imposed. 12. Privileges of prisoners. 13. Habeas corpus. 14. Oyer and Terminer. 15. Attainder suicide, deodand. 16. The citizens have a right to

meet together peaceably to

consult for the common good. 17. No standing army; the military

subordinate to the civil power. 18. Quartering soldiers. 19. No hereditary distinction shall

be granted.

Section
2. Representatives. Qualifications.

Number.
3. Senators. Qualifications. Num-

bers. Vacancies. 4. General Assembly shall meet bi

ennially. Time of first meet

ing. 5. Each house, officers of. 6. Each house shall judge of the

elction and qualifications of

its own members. Quorum. 7. Punishment of members. 8. Each house to keep a journal. 9. The doors of each house to be

kept open, except. 10. Neither house shall adjourn for

more than three days. 11. Compensation and privileges. 12. No representative or senator

shall be elected or appointed to any office created during

his term. 13. Vacancies, how filled. 14. Revenue bills. 15. No money shall be drawn from

the public treasury but by ap

propriation.
16. State treasurer.
17. Corporations.

ARTICLE III.
1. Executive powers of the State

are vested in the Governor. 2. The Governor, his election. In

case of tie. Contested elec

tions. 3. Tenure of office. 4. Qualifications. 5. Disqualification. 6. Compensation. 7. The Governor to be Commander

ARTICLE II. 1. Legislative power of the State

vested in General Assembly.

Section

Section in-Chief of the army and navy 4. Court of General Sessions of of the State.

the peace.

5. Court of Chancery. 8. Appointments to offices. Incompatible offices. Commissioners.

6. Court of Oyer and Terminer. 9. The Governor may grant re

7. Court of Error and Appeals. prieves and pardons.

Questions of law.

8. In matters of chancery jurisdic10. He may require information in

tion in which the chancellor writing from the officers of

is interested, the Chief Justice the executive department.

sitting in the Superior Court 11. Governor's message.

shall have jurisdiction. 12. He may convene the General As

9. The Governor shall have the sembly.

power to commission a judge 13. He should take care that the

ad litem. laws are faithfully executed.

10. Orphans' Court. 14. Vacancy, how filled.

11. The jurisdiction of each of the 15. Secretary of State. His duties

aforesaid courts shall be coand compensation.

extensive with the State.

| 12. General Assembly may alter. ARTICLE IV.

13. Until the General Assembly 1. The time for holding elections

shall otherwise provide, the for State officers, etc.

Chancellor shall exercise all 2. Shall be privileged from arrest

powers, etc. during attendance at elections.

14. Tenure of office, salaries.

| 15. Inferior courts. ARTICLE V.

16. Amending pleadings.- Disposi1. The House of Representatives

tion. has the sole power of impeach- | 17. At any time pending an action ing.

for debt or damages, the de2. The Governor and all other civil

fendant may bring into court

the sum officers under this State shall

of money for dis

charging the same. be liable to impeachment.

18. Suits may survive. 3. Treason against the State. De

19. Security on appeal and error. finition of.

20. Limitation of writs of error.

21. Executors, administrators and ARTICLE VI.

guardians' accounts.- Excep1. The judicial power of the State

tions. shall be vested in the Court

22. Registers Court to be held in of Errors and Appeals. The

each county. Superior Court, Court of Chan

23. Prothonotaries.—Lien of judg. cery and Orphans' Court, a

ments. Court of Oyer and Terminer, 24. The Governor shall appoint a a Court of General Sessions of

competent number of justices the peace and jail delivery, a

of the peace. Registers' Court. Justices of 25. The style of process.

the peace, etc. 2. To compose the said

ARTICLE VII.

courts there shall be five judges in 1. Conservators of the peace. the State.

2. Representatives in Congress. 3. Superior Court to consist of

3. Sheriff and coroner.-Term of Chief Justice and two asso

office. ciates.

4. Tenure of certain officials.

Section
5. Appointment of inferior officials.
6. Salaries and fees.-A receipt

for fees.
7. Costs in criminal cases.
8. Rights of corporations.-Exclu-

sion of the clergy from hold

ing civil office in this State.
9. Laws in force.
10. This Constitution shall be pre-

fixed to every edition of laws
made by direction of the

Legislature.
11. Duties of the Legislature.
12. Property qualification.

Section

and coroners shall not be va

cated by amendment. 3. Time of first election of Repre

sentatives under this amended

Constitution. 4. Term of office of the present

Governor shall not be vacated

or extended by amendment. 5. The time the amended Consti

tution shall commence, etc. 6. Registers Courts, etc., not al

fected by amendments. 7. The General Assembly shall have power to

make law necessary to carry into effect

this amended Constitution. 8. In regard to the provision in

the twentieth section of the sixth article of this amended

Constitution. 9. The Governor shall have power

to issue writs of election, to supply vacancies in either house of the General Assem

bly. 10. It is declared that nothing in

this amended Constituton gives a writ of error from the Court of Errors and Appeals, etc.

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PREAMBLE.

We, the people, hereby ordain and establish this Constitution of Government for the State of Delaware.

Through divine goodness, all men have by nature, the rights of worshiping and serving their Creator according to the dictates of their consciences, of enjoying and defending life and liberty, of acquiring and protecting reputation and property, and in general of attaining objects suitable to their condition, without injury by one to another; and as these rights are essential to their welfare, for the due exercise thereof, power is inherent in them; and therefore all just authority in the institutions of political society is derived from the people, and established with their consent, to advance their happiness; and they may for this end, as circumstances require, from time to time alter their Constitution of government.

ARTICLE I.

Section 1. Although it is the duty of all men frequently to assemble together for the public worship of the author of the universe; and piety and morality, on which the prosperity of communities depends, are thereby promoted, yet no man shall or ought to be compelled to attend any religious worship, to contribute to the erection or support of any place of worship, or to the maintenance of any ministry, against his own free will and consent; and no power shall or ought to be vested in or assumed by.any magistrate, that shall in any case interfere with, or in any manner control the rights of conscience, in the free exercise of religious worship, nor a preference given by law to any religious societies, denominations, or modes of worship.

Sec. 2. No religious test shall be required as a qualification to any office, or public trust, under this State.

Sec. 3. All elections shall be free and equal.
Sec. 4. Trial by jury shall be as heretofore.

Sec. 5. The press shall be free to every citizen, who undertakes to examine the official conduct of men acting in a public capacity; and any citizen may print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty. In prosecutions for publications, investigating the proceedings of officers, or where the matter published is proper for public information, the truth thereof may be given in evidence; and in all indictments for libels the jury may determine the facts and the law, as in other

I Sec. 6. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers and possessions, from unreasonable searches and seizures, and no warrant to search any place, or to seize any person or thing, shall issue without describing them as particularly as may be; nor then, unless there be probable cause supported by oath or affirmation.

Sec. 7. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused hath a right to be heard by himself and his counsel, to be plainly and fully informed of the nature and cause of the accusation against him, to meet the witnesses in their examination face to face, to have compulsory process in due time, on application by himself, his friends or counsel, for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; he shall not be com

cases.

pelled to give evidence against himself nor shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, unless by the judgment of his peers or the law of the land.

Sec. 8. No person shall for any indictable offense be proceeded against criminally by information, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger; and no person shall be for the same offense twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall any man's property be taken or applied to public use without the consent of his representatives, and without compensation being made.

Sec. 9. All courts shall be open; and every man for an injury done him in his reputation, person, moveable or immoveable possession, shall have remedy by the due course of law, and justice administered according to the very right of the cause and the law of the land, without sale, denial, or unreasonable delay or expense; and every action shall be tried in the county in which it shall be commenced, unless when the judges of the court in which the cause is to be tried, shall determine that an impartial trial therefor cannot be had in that county. Suits may be brought against the State, according to such regulations as shall be made by law.

Sec. 10. No power of suspending laws shall be exercised; but by authority of the Legislature.

Sec. 11. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel punishment inflicted; and in the construction of jails, a proper regard shall be had to the health of prisoners.

Sec. 12. All prisoners shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, unless for capital offenses when the proof is positive or the presumption great; and when persons are confined on accusation for such offenses, their friends or counsel may at proper seasons have access to them.

Sec. 13. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in case of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.

Sec. 14. No commission of oyer and terminer, or jail delivery, shall be issued.

Sec. 15. No attainder shall work corruption of blood, nor except during the life of the offender, forfeiture of estate. The es.

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