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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT.
10. No person shall be arrested ex1. Declaration of rights.
cept in cases clearly war2. Of the distribution of powers.
ranted by law. 3. Of the legislative department.
11. Private property may not be 4. Of the executive department.
taken for public use without 5. Of the judicial department.
12. All courts shall be open.- Justice 6. Of the qualifications of electors.
to be administered without 7. Of religion.
sale. 8. Of education.
13. Excessive bail shall not be re9. Of impeachments.
quired. 10. General provisions.
14. Bail not accepted for capital 11. Of amendments to the Consti
15. No person shall be attainted of Preamble.
treason or felony by the Leg
16. The citizens have the right to
assemble in a peaceable manDeclaration of Rights. Section
ner for redress of grievances. 1. All men are equal in rights.
17. Citizens have the right to bear
arms. 2. Political power inherent in the
18. The military to be subordinate people.
to the civil power. 3. Freedom of religious thought and worship.
19. Soldiers not to be quartered in 4. No preference to be given by
private houses, nor in time of law to any sector mode of
war except as prescribed by worship
law. 5. Freedom of speech
and the 20. No heriditary emoluments nor press.
honors shall be granted in this 6. No laws ever to be passed to
State. curtail the same.
21. Right of trial by jury. 7. In indictments for libels,
the truth may be given in evi
Of the Distribution of Power's. seizures
1. They shall be divided into the
legislative, executive and ju9. In all criminal prosecutions the
dence. 8. No unreasonable
dicial. accused has the right to know
ARTICLE III. the nature of his accusation.- of the Legislatire Department. He shall not be compelled to 1. The General Assembly divided give evidence against him
into the Senate and the House sell.
Section 2. Time and place for holding the
assembly. 3. Representatives must be elec
tors.—The number of. 4. The Senate to consist of twelve
members. 5. Ballots for Senators, what to be
done with them. 6. The twelve persons having the
greatest number of votes for Senators shall
declared to be elected.-In case of tie,
officers, except the Senate its
rules of its own proceedings.
Power to expel a member. 9. Each house to keep a journal of
its proceedings. 10. When members of both houses
are privileged from arrest. 11. Debates of each house to be
public, except in certain cases.
State seal and to be signed
by the Governor. 12. In regard to the passage of
bills and the Governor's ap
proval of the same. 13. Lieutenant-Governor to be presi
dent of the Senate. 14. When the Lieutenant-Governor
shall act as Governor. 15. When the president of the Sen
ate shall act as Governor. 16. President of the Senate pro
tempore. 17. The Treasurer, his powers and
duties. 18. The Secretary, his powers and
duties. 19. The Comptroller of public ac
counts, his duties. 20. Sheriff to be appointed by Gene.
ral Assembly in each county.
In case of vacancy, how
filled. 21. A statement of all receipts,
payments and debts of the State to be published.
ARTICLE V. Of the Judicial Department. 1. The judicial powers of the State. 2. Appointment of Justices of the
Justices of the Peace to be by
State is vested in the Gover
nor. 2. Election of the Governor. - In
case of tie. 3. Election of Lieutenant-Governor.
-Term of office same as Gov
tenant-Governor, Senators and
mander-in-chief of the militia, 6. He may require information in
writing from the officers of
the executive department. 7. The Governor may in case of
disagreement between the two
houses adjourn the assembly. 8. Governor's message.
ARTICLE VI. Of the Qualifications of Electors. 1. All persons who have been ad
mitted as freemen shall bę
electors. 2. Requirements to become a voter, 3. The right to vote forfeited after
conviction of certain offenses. 4. Electors eligible for any office
in the State except as provided for in the Constitution.
ARTICLE VII. Adopted October, 1838. Sheriff to be appointed in each county by electors, and to hold office for three years.
Adopted October, 1845. Requirements for being an elector.
ARTICLE IX. Adopted October, 1850. Appointment of Judges of Pro- ' bate.
ARTICLE X. Adopted October, 1850. Appointment of Justices of the Peace. Number for each town and term of office to be prescribed by law.
ARTICLE XI. Adopted October, 1855. Electors must be able to read.
ARTICLE XII. Adopted October, 1856. Judges of the Supreme Court and of the Superior Court appointed in the year 1855 and thereafter, shall hold office for eight years.
Adopted August, 1864. Every drafted or volunteer soldier during the present rebellion shall have the same right to vote as if at home at time of election.
Adopted October, 1873. All annual and special sessions of the General Assembly shall be held at Hartford, on and after the first Wednesday of May, A. D. 1875.
ARTICLE XV. Adopted October, 1874. Every town of five thousand inhabitants shall be entitled to two representatives.
etc., shall be held on the Tuesday after the first Mon
day of November, 1876. 2. Those State officers whose term
shall be for one year and for
two years. 3. When the General Assembly
shall be held. 4. Term of office of those elected
at a certain election to State
offices. 5. The General Assembly elected
in April, 1876, shall have power to pass such laws as may be necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this amendment.
Adopted October, 1875. The privileges of an elector disqualified by conviction of crime, may be restored.
Adopted October, 1876. A newly incorporated town must have at least twenty-five hundred inhabitants to be entitled to a representative.
Adopted October, 1876. The provisions of section 2, article IV, of the Constitution, and of the amendments thereto, shall apply mutatis mutandis to all elections held on the Tuesday after the first Monday of November, 1876, and annually thereafter.
Adopted October, 1876. Judges of Common Pleas and District Courts shall be appointed for a term of four years. Of the City and Police Courts, for a term of two years.
Adopted October, 1876. Election of Judges of Probate and term of office.
Adopted October, 1880. Nomination of Judges by Governor, appointment by General Assembly.
Adopted October, 1876. Compensation of General Assembly and mileage.
Adopted October, 1876. In article VIII of amendments, the word "white" shall be erased from the first line.
Adopted October, 1884. Section 1. State officers to be elected bi
ennially after November, 1886. 2. How long their offices shall be
held. 3. Pay of General Assembly not to
exceed $300 for their term, and one mileage each way of twenty-five cents per mile, when the regular session of the General Assembly shall
begin. 5. The Senators elected on the
Tuesday after the first Monday of November, 1885, shall hold their offices only until the Wednesday after the first Monday of January, 1887.
Adopted October, 1877. In regard to increasing the pay of officers and employes.
Adopted October, 1877. No city, county, town, borough, or other municipality shall ever subscribe to the capital stock of any railroad corporation, etc.
Adopted October, 1886.
The people of Connecticut, acknowledging with gratitude the
good providence of God in having permitted them to enjoy a free government, do, in order more effectually to define, secure, and perpetuate the liberties, rights, and privileges which they have derived from their ancestors, hereby, after a careful consideration and revision, ordain and establish the following Constitution and form of civil government:
Declaration of Rights. That the great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established,
WE DECLARE, Section 1. That all men, when they form a social compact, are equal in rights; and that no man or set of men are entitled