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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT.

ARTICLES.

Section Article

10. No person shall be arrested ex1. Declaration of rights.

cept in cases clearly war2. Of the distribution of powers.

ranted by law. 3. Of the legislative department.

11. Private property may not be 4. Of the executive department.

taken for public use without 5. Of the judicial department.

full compensation.

12. All courts shall be open.- Justice 6. Of the qualifications of electors.

to be administered without 7. Of religion.

sale. 8. Of education.

13. Excessive bail shall not be re9. Of impeachments.

quired. 10. General provisions.

14. Bail not accepted for capital 11. Of amendments to the Consti

offenses. tution.

15. No person shall be attainted of Preamble.

treason or felony by the Leg

islature. ARTICLE

16. The citizens have the right to

assemble in a peaceable manDeclaration of Rights. Section

ner for redress of grievances. 1. All men are equal in rights.

17. Citizens have the right to bear

arms. 2. Political power inherent in the

18. The military to be subordinate people.

to the civil power. 3. Freedom of religious thought and worship.

19. Soldiers not to be quartered in 4. No preference to be given by

private houses, nor in time of law to any sector mode of

war except as prescribed by worship

law. 5. Freedom of speech

and the 20. No heriditary emoluments nor press.

honors shall be granted in this 6. No laws ever to be passed to

State. curtail the same.

21. Right of trial by jury. 7. In indictments for libels,

the truth may be given in evi

ARTICLE II.

Of the Distribution of Power's. seizures

1. They shall be divided into the

legislative, executive and ju9. In all criminal prosecutions the

dence. 8. No unreasonable

dicial. accused has the right to know

ARTICLE III. the nature of his accusation.- of the Legislatire Department. He shall not be compelled to 1. The General Assembly divided give evidence against him

into the Senate and the House sell.

of Representatives.

searches.

or

Section 2. Time and place for holding the

assembly. 3. Representatives must be elec

tors.—The number of. 4. The Senate to consist of twelve

members. 5. Ballots for Senators, what to be

done with them. 6. The twelve persons having the

greatest number of votes for Senators shall

be

declared to be elected.-In case of tie,

how decided.
7. Both houses shall choose its

officers, except the Senate its
president.-A majority of each
house shall constitute a quo-

rum.
8. Each house to determine the

rules of its own proceedings.

Power to expel a member. 9. Each house to keep a journal of

its proceedings. 10. When members of both houses

are privileged from arrest. 11. Debates of each house to be

public, except in certain cases.

Section
9. He shall see that the laws are

faithfully executed.
10. He may grant reprieves.
11. All commissions to bear the

State seal and to be signed

by the Governor. 12. In regard to the passage of

bills and the Governor's ap

proval of the same. 13. Lieutenant-Governor to be presi

dent of the Senate. 14. When the Lieutenant-Governor

shall act as Governor. 15. When the president of the Sen

ate shall act as Governor. 16. President of the Senate pro

tempore. 17. The Treasurer, his powers and

duties. 18. The Secretary, his powers and

duties. 19. The Comptroller of public ac

counts, his duties. 20. Sheriff to be appointed by Gene.

ral Assembly in each county.

In case of vacancy, how

filled. 21. A statement of all receipts,

payments and debts of the State to be published.

ARTICLE V. Of the Judicial Department. 1. The judicial powers of the State. 2. Appointment of Justices of the

Peace.
3. Appointment of all Judges and

Justices of the Peace to be by
General Assembly.

ARTICLE IV.
Of the Executive Department.
1. Supreme executive power of the

State is vested in the Gover

nor. 2. Election of the Governor. - In

case of tie. 3. Election of Lieutenant-Governor.

-Term of office same as Gov

ernor's.
4. Compensation of Governor, Lieu-

tenant-Governor, Senators and
Representatives to be fixed by

law.
5. The Governor shall be com-

mander-in-chief of the militia, 6. He may require information in

writing from the officers of

the executive department. 7. The Governor may in case of

disagreement between the two

houses adjourn the assembly. 8. Governor's message.

ARTICLE VI. Of the Qualifications of Electors. 1. All persons who have been ad

mitted as freemen shall bę

electors. 2. Requirements to become a voter, 3. The right to vote forfeited after

conviction of certain offenses. 4. Electors eligible for any office

in the State except as provided for in the Constitution.

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ARTICLE VII. Adopted October, 1838. Sheriff to be appointed in each county by electors, and to hold office for three years.

ARTICLE VIII.

Adopted October, 1845. Requirements for being an elector.

ARTICLE IX. Adopted October, 1850. Appointment of Judges of Pro- ' bate.

ARTICLE X. Adopted October, 1850. Appointment of Justices of the Peace. Number for each town and term of office to be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE XI. Adopted October, 1855. Electors must be able to read.

ARTICLE XII. Adopted October, 1856. Judges of the Supreme Court and of the Superior Court appointed in the year 1855 and thereafter, shall hold office for eight years.

ARTICLE XIII.

Adopted August, 1864. Every drafted or volunteer soldier during the present rebellion shall have the same right to vote as if at home at time of election.

ARTICLE XIV.

Adopted October, 1873. All annual and special sessions of the General Assembly shall be held at Hartford, on and after the first Wednesday of May, A. D. 1875.

ARTICLE XV. Adopted October, 1874. Every town of five thousand inhabitants shall be entitled to two representatives.

ARTICLE XVI.
Adopted October, 1875.

Section
1. A general election for Governor,

etc., shall be held on the Tuesday after the first Mon

day of November, 1876. 2. Those State officers whose term

shall be for one year and for

two years. 3. When the General Assembly

shall be held. 4. Term of office of those elected

at a certain election to State

offices. 5. The General Assembly elected

in April, 1876, shall have power to pass such laws as may be necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this amendment.

ARTICLE XVII.

Adopted October, 1875. The privileges of an elector disqualified by conviction of crime, may be restored.

ARTICLE XVIII.

Adopted October, 1876. A newly incorporated town must have at least twenty-five hundred inhabitants to be entitled to a representative.

ARTICLE XIX,

Adopted October, 1876. The provisions of section 2, article IV, of the Constitution, and of the amendments thereto, shall apply mutatis mutandis to all elections held on the Tuesday after the first Monday of November, 1876, and annually thereafter.

ARTICLE X)

Adopted October, 1876. Judges of Common Pleas and District Courts shall be appointed for a term of four years. Of the City and Police Courts, for a term of two years.

ARTICLE XXI.

Adopted October, 1876. Election of Judges of Probate and term of office.

ARTICLE XXVI.

Adopted October, 1880. Nomination of Judges by Governor, appointment by General Assembly.

ARTICLE XXVII.

ARTICLE XXII.

Adopted October, 1876. Compensation of General Assembly and mileage.

ARTICLE XXIII.

Adopted October, 1876. In article VIII of amendments, the word "white" shall be erased from the first line.

Adopted October, 1884. Section 1. State officers to be elected bi

ennially after November, 1886. 2. How long their offices shall be

held. 3. Pay of General Assembly not to

exceed $300 for their term, and one mileage each way of twenty-five cents per mile, when the regular session of the General Assembly shall

begin. 5. The Senators elected on the

Tuesday after the first Monday of November, 1885, shall hold their offices only until the Wednesday after the first Monday of January, 1887.

ARTICLE XXIV.

Adopted October, 1877. In regard to increasing the pay of officers and employes.

ARTICLE XXV.

Adopted October, 1877. No city, county, town, borough, or other municipality shall ever subscribe to the capital stock of any railroad corporation, etc.

ARTICLE XXVIII.

Adopted October, 1886.
Sheriffs, when to be elected.

PREAMBLE.

The people of Connecticut, acknowledging with gratitude the

good providence of God in having permitted them to enjoy a free government, do, in order more effectually to define, secure, and perpetuate the liberties, rights, and privileges which they have derived from their ancestors, hereby, after a careful consideration and revision, ordain and establish the following Constitution and form of civil government:

ARTICLE FIRST.

Declaration of Rights. That the great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established,

WE DECLARE, Section 1. That all men, when they form a social compact, are equal in rights; and that no man or set of men are entitled

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