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CONSTITUTION OF STATE OF CALIFORNIA.
Articles 1. Declaration of rights. 2. Rights of suffrage. 3. Distribution of powers. 4. Legislative department. 5. Executive department. 6. Judicial department. 7. Pardoning power. 8. Militia. 9. Education. 10. State institutions and public
buildings. 11. Counties, cities and towns. 12. Corporations. 13. Revenue and taxation. 14. Water and water rights. 15. Harbor frontage, etc. 16. State indebtedness. 17. Land and homestead
exemption. 18. Amending and revising the Con
stitution. 19. Chinese. 20. Miscellaneous subjects. 21. Boundary. 22. Schedule.
Section 7. Jury, trial by. 8. Prosecution by information af
ter examination and commit. ment by magistrate. Grand
jury summoned once a year. 9. Freedom of speech and of the
press. 10. The people have the right to
petition the Legislature. 11. General laws to have uniform
operation. 12. Military subordinate to civil
power.-No standing army. 13. No right to be put in jeopardy
twice for same offense.-Right
of speedy and public trial. 14. Private property, rights of. 15. Imprisonment for debt. 16. Obligations of contracts not to
be impaired by the passing of
any law. 17. Naturalized foreigners, rights of. 18. Slavery not legal. 19. Personal and property rights
against unreasonable seizures
and searches. 20. Treason against the State. 21. Legislature has right to revoke
all privileges granted. 22. Provisions of this Constitution
are mandatory and pohibi
tory. 23. This enumeration of rights not
to impair others held by the
people. 24. No property qualification for right to vote.
Right of Suffrage. 1. Vote, requirements to. 2. Electors exempt from arrest on
day of election.
Declaration of Rights. 1. Personal rights and protection
of property. 2. Government in the hands of the
people. 3. The State inseparable from the
Union. 4. Freedom of religious thought
and worship. 5. Privilege of writ of habeas cor
pus. 6. Bail shall not be excessive, nor witnesses
Section 3. Military duty, exemption from 4. No loss of residence by those in
service of United States. 5. All elections by the people shall
be by ballot.
Distribution af Powers. 1. The powers of State govern
ment are legislative, executive and judicial.
hold office in this State.
tions. 23. Pay of members of Legislature. 24. Subject of every act to be in its
title and to be in the English
language only. 25. Thirty-three cases in which the
Legislature shall not pass local
or special laws. 26. Lotteries and gift enterprises. 27. Congressional districts, division
for. 28. Viva voce vote required in Leg
islature. 29. General appropriations. 30. Appropriations not to be made
for any sect, church or creed. 31. No authority for giving or lend
ing credit of State to any person,
association corporation. 32. No authority for any extra com
Legislative Department. 1. Legislative power of the State
is in the Senate and Assembly. 2. Time for sessions of Legislature. 3. Time for electing members and
their term of office. 4. Term of office of Senators. 5. The numbers composing Senate
and Assembly. 6. State divided into forty senator
ial and eighty assembly dis
tricts. 7. Each house to choose its Own
officers. 8. Majority of each house consti
tutes a quorum. 9. What is required to expel
pensation to a public officer,
services performed and for
members of Legislature.
member. 10. Journal of proceedings to be
kept by each house. 11. Members privileged from arrest.
-Exceptions. 12. Vacancies, how filled. 13. Doors of each house to be
opened.--Exceptions. 14. Adjournment, regulations as to. 15. No law to be passed except by
bill. 16. Veto by Governor. 17. Impeachment, sole power
pointments of Senators and
in this State if holding a lu-
Executive Department. 1. Supreme executive power vested
in the Governor. 2. Election of Governor. 3. Qualifications for Governor. 4. Election of Governor, how de
termined. 5. Commander-in-chief. 6. Duties of Governor. 7. He shall see that the laws ar
faithfully executed. 8. Vacancies in office, how filled. 9. May call extra sessions. 10. Governor's message. 11. Governor has power to adjou
Legislature. 12. Governor may not hold of
under United States except provided.
Section 13. Seal of State to be kept by
Governor. 14. Grants and commissions. 15. Lieutenant - Governor, election,
qualifications and eligibility. 16. When to act as Governor. 17. Election of executive officers. 18. Secretary of State, his duties. 19. Compensation of executive of
ficers. 20. Governor while in office may
not be elected United States Senator.
Section 16. Publication of opinions of the
Supreme Court. 17. Salaries of justices of the Su
preme Court and of judges of
Superior Courts. 18. Justices of Supreme Court and
judges of Superior Courts may
hold no other office. 19. Judges' charge to juries. 20. How prosecutions shall be con
ducted. 21. Reporter for Supreme Court.
Term of office and salary. 22. Judge of Court of Record. 23. Eligibility for justice of Su
preme Court and for judge of
Superior Court. 24. In regard to judges drawing monthly salary.
Pardoning Power. 1. Governor has power of reprieve
Judicial Department. '1.'j in power, where vested. 2. Supreme Court.-Chief and asso
ciate judges, their duties and
powers. 3. Election and term of office of
same. 4. Supreme Court, power of. 5. Jurisdiction of the Superior
Court. 6. Superior Courts, number of the
same. - Number of sessions, choice of presiding judge, his duties and term of office.
Vacancies, how filled. 7. Number of sessions in particu
lar cases. 8. Judge pro tempore of Superior
Court, how appointed. 9. Penalty for a judge to leave the
State for more than sixty
days. 10. Justices of Supreme and judges
of Superior Courts may be re
moved by Legislature. 11. Number of justices of the peace,
their duties and responsibili
ties. 12. Courts of Record, what are. 13. Jurisdiction, powers, duties and
responsibilities of inferior courts and judges thereof
shall be fixed by law. 14. Clerk of Supreme Court.--Coun
ty clerks, election to loe provided for by the Legislature.
Appointment of commissioners. 15. Fees and perquisites of office,
who may receive the same.
Militia. 1. Organization of militia.-Elec
tion of officers. 2. Flag which militia may carry while under arms.
Education. 1. Encouragement of education. 2. Superintendent of public in
struction-his election and sal
ary. 3. Superintendent of schools. 4. For the support of
common schools. 5. Free schools to be open at least
six months in every year, 6. Grades of public school system. 7. State board of education and
text-books. 8. Sectarian or denominational
schools and public money. 9. The University of California.
ARTICLE X. State Institutions and Public Buildings. 1. State board of prison directors. 2. Duties of the same.