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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF CALIFORNIA.

CONSTITUTION OF STATE OF CALIFORNIA.

Articles 1. Declaration of rights. 2. Rights of suffrage. 3. Distribution of powers. 4. Legislative department. 5. Executive department. 6. Judicial department. 7. Pardoning power. 8. Militia. 9. Education. 10. State institutions and public

buildings. 11. Counties, cities and towns. 12. Corporations. 13. Revenue and taxation. 14. Water and water rights. 15. Harbor frontage, etc. 16. State indebtedness. 17. Land and homestead

exemption. 18. Amending and revising the Con

stitution. 19. Chinese. 20. Miscellaneous subjects. 21. Boundary. 22. Schedule.

Preamble.

Section 7. Jury, trial by. 8. Prosecution by information af

ter examination and commit. ment by magistrate. -- Grand

jury summoned once a year. 9. Freedom of speech and of the

press. 10. The people have the right to

petition the Legislature. 11. General laws to have uniform

operation. 12. Military subordinate to civil

power.-No standing army. 13. No right to be put in jeopardy

twice for same offense.--Right

of speedy and public trial. 14. Private property, rights of. 15. Imprisonment for debt. 16. Obligations of contracts not to

be impaired by the passing of

any law. 17. Naturalized foreigners, rights of. 18. Slavery not legal. 19. Personal and property rights

against unreasonable seizures

and searches. 20. Treason against the State. 21. Legislature has right to revoke

all privileges granted. 22. Provisions of this Constitution

are mandatory and p?hibi

tory. 23. This enumeration of rights not

to impair others held by the

people. 24. No property qualification for right to vote.

ARTICLE II.

Right of Suffrage. 1. Vote, requirements to. 2. Electors exempt from arrest on

day of election.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights. 1. Personal rights and protection

of property. 2. Government in the hands of the

people. 3. The State inseparable from the

Union. 4. Freedom of religious thought

and worship. 5. Privilege of writ of habeas cor

pus. 6. Bail shall not be excessive, nor

witnesses unreasonably detained.

Section 3. Military duty, exemption from 4. No loss of residence by those in

service of United States. 5. All elections by the people shall

be by ballot.

ARTICLE III.

Distribution af Powers. 1. The powers of State govern

ment are legislative, executive and judicial.

Section 21. No embezzler or defaulter may

hold office in this State. 22. State treasury and appropria

tions. 23. Pay of members of Legislature. 24. Subject of every act to be in its

title and to be in the English

language only. 25. Thirty-three cases in which the

Legislature shall not pass local

or special laws. 26. Lotteries and gift enterprises. 27. Congressional districts, division

for. 28. Viva voce vote required in Leg

islature. 29. General appropriations. 30. Appropriations not to be made

for any sect, church or creed. 31. No authority for giving or lend

ing credit of State to any person, association corpora

or

a

ARTICLE IV.

Legislative Department. 1. Legislative power of the State

is in the Senate and Assembly. 2. Time for sessions of Legislature. 3. Time for electing members and

their term of office. 4. Term of office of Senators. 5. The numbers composing Senate

and Assembly. 6. State divided into forty senator

ial and eighty assembly dis

tricts. 7. Each house to choose its own

officers. 8. Majority of each house consti

tutes a quorum. 9. What is required to expel

tion. 32. No authority for any extra com

pensation to a public officer,

etc. 33. Regulation of compensation for

services performed and for

commodities furnished. 34. Only one item in bill for appro

priations. 35. Bribery and influence of vote of

members of Legislature.

member. 10. Journal of proceedings to be

kept by each house. 11. Members privileged from arrest.

-Exceptions. 12. Vacancies, how filled. 13. Doors of each house to be

opened.--Exceptions. 14. Adjournment, regulations as to. 15. No law to be passed except by

bill. 16. Veto by Governor. 17. Impeachment, sole

power in
Legislature.
18. Impeachment, those liable to.
19. Restrictions in regard to ap-

pointments of Se tors and
members of assembly to any

civil office.
20. No person is eligible for office

in this State if holding a lu-
crative office under the United
States.

ARTICLE V.

Executive Department. 1. Supreme executive power vested

in the Governor. 2. Election of Governor. 3. Qualifications for Governor. 4. Election of Governor, how de

termined. 5. Commander-in-chief. 6. Duties of Governor. 7. He shall see that the laws are

faithfully executed. 8. Vacancies in office, how filled. 9. May call extra sessions. 10. Governor's message. 11. Governor has power to adjourn

Legislature. 12. Governor may not hold office

under United States except as provided.

Section 13. Seal of State to be kept by

Governor. 14. Grants and commissions. 15. Lieutenant - Governor, election,

qualifications and eligibility. 16. When to act as Governor. 17. Election of executive officers. 18. Secretary of State, his duties. 19. Compensation of executive of

ficers. 20. Governor while in office may

not be elected United States Senator.

Section 16. Publication of opinions of the

Supreme Court. 17. Salaries of justices of the Su

preme Court and of judges of

Superior Courts. 18. Justices of Supreme Court and

judges of Superior Courts may

hold no other office. 19. Judges' charge to juries. 20. How prosecutions shall be con

ducted. 21. Reporter for Supreme Court.

Term of office and salary. 22. Judge of Court of Record. 23. Eligibility for justice of Su

preme Court and for judge of

Superior Court. 24. In regard to judges drawing monthly salary.

ARTICLE VII.

Pardoning Power. 1. Governor has power of reprieve

and pardon.

ARTICLE VIII.

Militia. 1. Organization of militia.-Elec

tion of officers. 2. Flag which militia may carry

while under arms.

ARTICLE VI.

Judicral Department. wirial power, where vested. 2. Supreme Court.-Chief and asso

ciate judges, their duties and

powers. 3. Election and term of office of

same. 4. Supreme Court, power of. 5. Jurisdiction of the Superior

Court. 6. Superior Courts, number of the

same. - Number of sessions, choice of presiding judge, his duties and term of office.-

Vacancies, how filled. 7. Number of sessions in particu

lar cases. 8. Judge pro tempore of Superior

Court, how appointed. 9. Penalty for a judge to leave the State for

more than sixty days. 10. Justices of Supreme and judges

of Superior Courts may be re

moved by Legislature. 11. Number of justices of the peace,

their duties and responsibili

ties. 12. Courts of Record, what are. 13. Jurisdiction, powers, duties and

responsibilities of inferior courts and judges thereof

shall be fixed by law. 14. Clerk of Supreme Court.--Coun

ty clerks, election to be provided for by the Legislature.

Appointment of commissioners. 15. Fees and perquisites of office,

who may receive the same.

ARTICLE IX,

Education. 1. Encouragement of education. 2. Superintendent of public in

struction-his election and sal

ary. 3. Superintendent of schools. 4. For the support of common

schools. 5. Free schools to be open at least

six months in every year. 6. Grades of public school system, 7. State board of education and

text-books. 8. Sectarian or denominational

schools and public money. 9. The University of California.

ARTICLE X. State Institutions and Public Buildings. 1. State board of prison directors. 2. Duties of the same.

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