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3. Final judgments in any Circuit
Court may be brought by writ of error in the Supreme Court.
Section 6. 1. Number of judges in the inferior
Court of Common Pleas. 2. The date of commissions for the
first appointment of judges of said court.
Section 7. 1. Justices of the peace.- Number of.
1 2. Population of the townships,
ARTICLE VII. Appointing Poroer aud Tenure of Ofice.
upon the president of the
ernor his duties and emolu-
president of the Senate.
of the Senate shall act as Goy
Section 1. 1. The judicial power
shall be vested in the Court of Error and Appeals, etc.
Section 2. 1. To consist of whom. 2. There shall be a vacancy every
year. 3. The compensation of the six
Judges thereof. 4. The Secretary of State shall be
clerk of this court. 5. In regard to an appeal. 6. In regard to a writ of error.
Section 3. 1. The House of Assembly shall
have the sole power of im
shall be suspended from exer-
ment shall not extend farther
than removal from office. 4. The Secretary of State shall be
clerk of this court.
Section 1. 1. Legislature shall provide by
law for enrolling, organizing
and arming the militia. 2. Captains, subalterns, etc., their
election, 3. Field officers. 4. Brigadier-generals. 5. Major-generals. 6. Governor to grant commissions. 7. Governor may fill vacancies
caused by refusal or neglect. 8. Brigade inspectors. 9. The Governor shall appoint all
military officers whose appointment is not provided for
in this Constitution. 10. Staff officers, how appointed.
Section 4. 1. The Court of Chancery shall
consist of a chancellor. 2. Who he shall be. 3. May appeal from the Orphans'
the register of the Corrobo-
1. Certain civil officers appointed
by the Governor.- Term of
office. 2. Judges of the Court of Common
Pleas, how appointed.- Term
of office. 3. State Treasurer and Comptrol
ler, how appointed.- Term of
office. 6. Clerks and surrogates of coun
ties.-Term of office.
Section 5. 1. The Supreme Court. 2. The Circuit Court.
1. The common law and statute
laws now in force, not repugnant
this Constitution, shall remain in force, etc. 2. In regard to officers now filling
any office or appointment. 3. The present Governor, Chancel
lor and ordinary or Surrogate-General and Treasurer shall continue in office until
successors are elected. 4. In case of vacancy the office
of Governor, how filled. 5. The vote of State canvassers
to consist of whom. 6. The returns of the votes for
Governor.-How disposed of. 7. The election of clerks and sur
rogates. 8. The elections for the year 1844. 9. Certain vacancies to be filled by
the Governor. 10. Restrictions and pay of mem
bers of Legislature. 11. Clerks of counties shall be
clerks of inferior Courts of
Common Pleas, etc. 12. The Legislature shall pass all
laws necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this Constitution.
Amendments. Section 1. May originate in either house.
PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding renerations, do ordain and establish this Constitution:
Rights and Privileges. 1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness.
2. All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for the protection, security and benefit of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter or reform the same, whenever the public good may require it.
3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privilege of worshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building or repairing any church or churches, place or places of Worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or ministry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has deliberately and voluntarily engaged to perform.
4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect in preference to another; no religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right merely on account of his religious principles.
5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions or indict. ments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted; and the jury shall hare the right to determine the law and the fact.
6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the papers . and things to be seized.
7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain in violate; but the Legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, when the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a jury of six men.
8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be con
fronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense.
9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cognizable by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or navy; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger.
10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when the proof is evident or presumption great.
11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.
12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.
13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, except in a manner prescribed by law.
14. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments shall not be inflicted.
16. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation; but land may be taken for public highways as heretofore, until the Legislature shall direct compensation to be made.
17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases of fraud; nor shall any person be imprisoned for a militia fine in time of peace.
18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, to consult for the common good, to make known their opinions to their representatives, and to petition for redress of griev. ances.
19. No county, city, borough, town, township or village shall hereafter give any money or property, or loan its money or credit, to or in aid of any individual association or corporation, or become security for or be directly or indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds of any association or corporation.
20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or for the use of any society, association or corporation whatever.
21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the people.
Right of Suffrage. 1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this State one year, and of the county in which he claims his vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, elective by the people: Provided, That no person in the military, naval or marine service of the United States shall be considered a resident in this State, by being stationed in any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place or station within this State; and no pauper, idiot, insane person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes him from being a witness unless pardoned or restored by law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an elector: And provided further, that in time of war no elector in the actual military service of the State, or of the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such election district; and the Legislature shall have power to provide the manner in which, and the time and place at which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return and canvass of their votes in the election districts in which they respectively reside.
The Legislature may pass laws to deprive persons of the right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery.
The powers of the government shall be divided into three distinct departments—the legislative, executive and judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or constituting one of