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2. Those who are eligible. 3. Election of the same.
Section 2. 1. The Senate shall be composed of
one Senator from each county
in the State. 2. They shall be divided into three
1. The General Assembly elected
Section 4. 1. Vacancies, how filled. 2. Each house shall be judge of the
elections and qualifications of
its own members. 3. Each house shall choose its own
officers, etc. 4. Each house shall keep a journal. 5. May not adjourn for three days. 6. All bills to be read three times. 7. Pay of members. 8. When members are privileged
1. No member of the Senate or
General Assembly shall be elected to any civil office dur
ing his term. 2. No member of the Senate or
General Assembly shall repre
sent the State at Congress. 3. Other State officers not entitled
to a seat in the Senate
Section 7 1. No divorce shall be granted by
the Legislature. 2. Lotteries illegal. 3. No bill of attainder or ex post
facto law. 4. Every law shall embrace but one
object. 5. Every law of this State shall
begin in the following style. 6. The fund for the support of free
schools, etc. 7. No private or special law to be
passed. 8. Private property taken for public
use or just compensation. 9. No private, special or local bills
shall be passed, unless. 10. Foreclosure of mortgages. 11. The Legislature shall not pass
private, local or special laws in any of the following enu
merated cases. 12. Property shall be assessed for
taxes under general laws and by uniform rules.
Section 8.. 1. Members of the Legislature to
take the following oath. 2. Oath of office.
Executive. 1. The executive power shall be
vested in the Governor. 2. Election of the same. 3. His term of office. 4. Requirements for Governor. 5. Remuneration of the same. 6. He shall be Commander-in-Chiet
of the military and Daval
forces of the State. i 7. Every bill to be signed by the
Governor. 8. Those who may not hold the
office of Governor. 9. The Governor may grant re
prieves. 10. May grant pardons. 11. The Governor and all other civil
officers under this State llable
to impeachment. 12. In case of the absence of Gover
nor, his duty shall devolve
Section 6. 1. All bills for raising revenue
shall originate in the House of
Assembly. 2. No money shall be drawn from
the treasury but by appropria
tion. 3. The credit of the State shall not
be loaned. 4. The Legislature shall not create
debts or liability, etc.
upon the president of the
Senate. 13. In case of impeachment of Gov
ernor his duties and emoluments shall devolve upon the
president of the Senate. 14. Other cases where the president
of the Senate shall act as Governor.
3. Final judgments in any Circuit
Court may be brought by writ of error in the Supreme Court.
Section 6. 1. Number of judges in the inferior
Court of Common Pleas. 2. The date of commissions for the
first appointment of judges of said court.
Section 7. 1. Justices of the peace.- Number of.
1 2. Population of the townships,
Section 1. 1. The judicial power
shall be vested in the Court of Error and Appeals, etc.
Section 2. 1. To consist of whom. 2. There shall be a vacancy every
year. 3. The compensation of the six
judges thereof. 4. The Secretary of State shall be
clerk of this court. 5. In regard to an appeal. 6. In regard to a writ of error.
Section 3. 1. The House of Assembly shall
have the sole power of im
peaching, 2. Any judicial officer impeached
shall be suspended from exercising his office until his ac
quittal. 3. Judgment in cases of impeach
ment shall not extend farther
than removal from office. 4. The Secretary of State shall be
clerk of this court.
ARTICLE VII. Appointing Power aud Tenure of Office.
Section 1. 1. Legislature shall provide by
law for enrolling, organizing
and arming the militia. 2. Captains, subalterns, etc., their
election. 3. Field officers. 4. Brigadier-generals. 5. Major-generals. 6. Governor to grant commissions. 7. Governor
may fill vacancies caused by refusal or neglect. 8. Brigade inspectors. 9. The Governor shall appoint all
military officers whose appointment is not provided for
in this Constitution. 10. Staff officers, how appointed.
Section 4. 1. The Court of Chancery shall
consist of a chancellor. 2. Who he shall be. 3. May appeal from the Orphans'
Court. 4. The Secretary of State shall be
the register of the Corroborative Court.
Section 2. 1. Certain civil officers appointed
by the Governor.- Term of
office. 2. Judges of the Court of Common
Pleas, how appointed.- Term
of office. 3. State Treasurer and Comptrol
ler, how appointed.- Term of
office. 4. Other civil officers, how ap
pointed.-Term of office. 5. The law reporter. - Term of
office. Clerks and surrogates of coun
ties.-Term of office.
Section 6. 1. The Supreme Court. 2. The Circuit Court
7. Sheriffs and coroners.-Term of
office. 8. Justices of the peace.-Term of
pointments are not otherwise
appointed by the Governor.
pointed pursuant to the pro-
General Provisions. 1. The Secretary of State shall be
ex officio auditor of the ac
counts of the Treasurer. 2. The seal of State shall be kept
by the Governor. 3. All grants and commissions in
the name of the State. 4. When this Constitution shall go
1. The common law and statute
laws now in force, not repugnant to this Constitution,
shall remain in force, etc. 2. In regard to officers now filling
any office or appointment. 3. The present Governor, Chancel
lor and ordinary or Surrogate-General
and Treasurer shall continue in office until
successors are elected. 4. In case of vacancy in the office
of Governor, how filled. 5. The vote of State canvassers
to consist of whom. 6. The returns of the votes for
Governor.--How disposed of. 7. The election of clerks and sur
rogates. 8. The elections for the year 1844. 9. Certain vacancies to be filled by
the Governor. 10. Restrictions and pay of mem
bers of Legislature. 11. Clerks of counties shall be
clerks of inferior Courts of
Common Pleas, etc. 12. The Legislature shall pass all
laws necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this Constitution.
Amendments. Section 1. May originate in either house.
PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain and establish this Constitution:
Rights and Privileges. 1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness.
2. All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for the protection, security and benefit of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter or reform the same, whenever the public good may require it.
3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privilege of worshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience; nor, under any pretense whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building or repairing any church or churches, place or places of Worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or ministry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has deliberately and voluntarily engaged to perform.
4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect in preference to another; no religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right merely on account of his religious principles.
5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions or indict. ments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted; and the jury shall hare the right to determine the law and the fact.
6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the papers . and things to be seized.
7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain in violate; but the Legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, when the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a jury of six men.
8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be con
fronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense.
9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cognizable by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or navy; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger.
10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when the proof is evident or presumption great.
11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.
12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.
13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, except in a manner prescribed by law.
14. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.
15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments shall not be inflicted.
16. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation; but land may be taken for public highways as heretofore, until the Legislature shall direct compensation to be made.
17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases of fraud; nor shall any person be imprisoned for a militia fine in time of peace.
18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, to consult for the common good, to make known their opinions to their representatives, and to petition for redress of griev. ances.