« PreviousContinue »
Bill of Rights. Article 1. All men are born equally free. 2. They have certain inherent
rights. 3. When men enter into a state of
society they surrender up some of their natural rights to that
society. 4. Some are unalienable.- Of this
kind are the rights of con
science. 5. Freedom of religious thought
and worship. 6. The rights of religious societies. 7. The people of this State have
the sole and exclusive right of
governing themselves. 8. All magistrates and officers of
government are accountable to
the people. 9. No office shall be hereditary. 10. The government is instituted for
common benefit. 11. All elections to be free. 12. The rights of every member of
the community. 13. Those who shall not be com
pelled to bear arms. 14. Right and justice to be free and
without denial. 15. No subject shall be held to
answer for any crime until fully and plainly described to
him. 16. No person in jeopardy twice for
the same offense. 17. In criminal prosecutions the
trial shall be in the vicinity where the crime was commit
ted. 18. All penalties ought to be pro
portioned to the nature of the offense.
Article 19. Unreasonable searches and seiz
ures prohibited. 20. The right of trial by jury. 21. None but qualified persons ap
pointed to serve on the same. 22. Liberty of the press. 23. Retrospective laws are highly
injurious. 24. Militia natural defense of the
State. 25. Standing armies prohibited. 26. Military subordinate to civil
power. 27. Quartering of soldiers. 28. In regard to taxes, impost and
duty. 29. The power suspending the laws
or the execution of them only to be exercised by the Leg
islature. 30. Freedom of speech in debate in
the Legislature. 31. The redress of public grievances. 32. The people have the right to
assemble in a peaceable man
ner for the common good. 33. Excessive bail and fines or cruel
punishments not allowed. 34. Court martial. 35. The right of trial by impartial
judge. 36. No pensions should be granted
but in consideration of actual
service. 37. The legislative, executive and
judicial powers to be kept separate from and independent of
each other. 38. Moderation, temperance, indus
try and frugality.
Form of Government. 1. Forming the State.
Article 2. Supreme legislative power vested 31. In regard to rights, etc., of cerin the Senate and House of
tain inhabitants. Representatives.
32. Election of Governor, etc. 3. They shall assemble biennially, 33. Notifying those Senators elected.
and shall be called the General 34. In case of tie.
35. The Senate shall judge of the 4. The powers and authority of the
election and qualification of its General Court.
own members. 5. A further enumeration of its
36. May adjourn themselves. powers, etc.
37. Shall appoint their officers. 6. There shall be a valuation of
38. They have power of impeachestates within the State at
ment. least once in five years.
39. Removal from office. 7. No member of the General Court
40. If the Governor is impeached, shall take fees, etc. 8. The doors to be kept open, except in certain cases.
Executire Power. 9. Apportionment of members of
41. The Governor. the Legislature.
42. Shall be chosen biennially. 10. Stricken out.
43. The Governor may adjourn the 11. In case of a town, place or city
Legislature in case of disagreewhere having less than
ment. hundred inhabitants.
44. All bills to be signed by the 12. The members shall be chosen bi
45. Every resolve to be presented to 13. Qualifications for voting.
the Governor. 14. Every member of the house shall 46. All judicial and army officers to be chosen by ballot for two
be appointed by the Governor years.
and council. 15. Compensation and mileage.
47. The Governor and council shall 16. Vacancies, how filled.
have a negative on each other, 17. Impeachments to be heard and !
48. Captains and subalterns to be made by the Senate.
commissioned by the Governor. 18. All money bills shall originate,
49. Whenever the chair of the Govwhere.
ernor shall become vacant. 19. Power to adjourn for two days.
50. The Governor and council may 20. What constitutes a quorum.
prorogue the General Court. 21. Privileged from arrest.
51. The Governor to be commander22. The house shall choose their own
in-chief of the army of the
State. speaker, etc. 23. Power of Senate, Governor and
52. The Governor's power of pardoncouncil.
ing offenses, etc. 24. Both houses to keep a journal.
53. Removal of commissioned officers
of the militia. 25. The Senate shall consist of twenty-four members.
54. Appointment of adjutants, etc.
55. Division of militia into brigades, 26. The State to be equally represented.
regiments and companies.
56. No money to be issued out of the 27. Election of Senators.
treasury, except by appropria28. How Senators shall be chosen.
tion. 29. What disqualifies.
57. Certain officers to deliver an ac30. Those qualified to be considered
count of all goods, stores, etc., an inhabitant.
to the Governor.
Article 58. Compensation of the Governor
and council. 59. Permanent and honorable sal
aries for justices of the Su
preme Court. 60. Election of Governor's council
lors. 61. Those having a majority of the
votes to be considered elected. 62. In regard to the refusal or ac
ceptance of an office if elected. 63. The members of the council may
be impeached for bribery, etc. 64. The resolutions, etc., of
the council to be recorded. 65. State may be divided into five
districts, each to elect a coun
cillor. 66. Elections may be adjourned. 67. Choosing of the Secretary, Treasurer
and Commissary-Generai. 68. Records of the State. 69. Secretary of State to have
deputy 70. Secretary shall give bond. 71. Election of county treasurers,
etc. 72. Two districts for registering
deeds. 73. Judicial officers to hold office
during good behavior. 74. May require opinions of the jus
tices of Superior Court. 75. Commissions of justices of the
peace to expire in five years. 76. Marriage, divorce and alimony. 77. Justices of the peace, jurisdic
tion when damages shall not
exceed one hundred dollars. 78. No person to hold office after
the age of seventy. 79. No judge or justice of the peace
to act as attorney, etc. 80. Judges of probate, duties of. 81. May not be counsel or act as
advocate. 82. The judges of the courts shall
appoint their respective clerks
to hold office during their
name of the State of New
Supreme Judicial Court shall
any office or place of
exercising at the same time
have a seat in the Senate or
House of Representatives.
money are mentioned in this
time and alterations when
amendments shall take effect.
Constitution may be called
every seven years.
be enrolled on parchment and