« PreviousContinue »
CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NEBRASKA.
Article 1. Bill of rights. 2. Distribution of powers. 3. Legislative. 4. Legislative apportionment. 5. Executive department. 6. Judicial department. 7. Rights of suffrage. 8. Education. 9. Revenue and finance. 10. Counties. 11. Railroad corporations. 12. Municipal corporations. 13. Miscellaneous corporations. 14. State, county and municipal
indebtedness. 15. Militia. 16. Miscellaneous provisions. 17. Amendments. 18. Schedule.
ARTICLE I. Section Bill of Rights. 1. All persons are by nature free
and independent, and have
certain inherent rights. 2. There shall be neither slavery
nor involuntary servitude, ex
cept as punishment for crime. 3. No person shall be deprived of
life, liberty or property with
out due process of law. 4. Freedom of religious thought
and worship. 5. Freedom of speech.- In trials
for libel, truth may be given
in evidence. 6. The right of trial by jury shall
remain inviolate. 7. Unreasonable searches and seiz
ures prohibited. 8. The privilege of а. writ of
habeas corpus shall not be
suspended. 9. Excessive bail shall not be re
quired, nor excessive fines
imposed, nor cruel punishment
inflicted. 10. No person shall be held for a
criminal offense, unless on in
dictment of the grand jury. 11. In criminal prosecutions, the
accused shall have the right to defend in person or by
counsel. 12. No person shall be compelled in
any criminal case to give evidence against himself or bo twice put in jeopardy for the
same offense. 13. All courts shall be open.- Jus
tice shall be administered
without delay. 14. Treason against the State de
fined. 15. Conviction shall not work cor
ruption of blood. 16. No bill of attainder, or ex post
facto law shall be passed. 17. Military shall be subordinate to
the civil power. 18. The quartering of soldiers. 19. The people have the right to
assemble peaceably to consult
for the common good. 20. No person shall be imprisoned
for debt, unless. 21. Private property shall not be
taken for public use without
Just compensation. 22. All elections shall be free. 23. The writ of error shall be a
writ of right in all cases of
felony. 24. The right to be heard in all
civil cases in a court of last
resort shall not be denied. 25. Resident allens and citizens
have same right in property. 26. The enumeration of these rights
shall not be construed to imSection
pair other rights retained by the people.
Distribution of Powers. 1. Legislative, executive and ju
Legislative. 1. Legislative authority is vested
in the Senate and House of
Representatives. 2. An enumeration of the inhabi
tants to be taken every ten
years. 3. The House of Representatives
shall consist of eighty-four members; the Senate of thirty
members. 4. Members of the Legislature.
Their term of office and pay. 5. To be eligible to the office of
Senator or Representative. 8. No person holding office under
the United States, etc., shall be eligible to have a seat in
the Legislature. 7. When the session of the Legis
lature shall commence. The majority of members of each house shall constitute
pensation, nor shall the com-
during his term of office. 17. The Legislature shall never
alienate the salt springs be
longing to the State. 18. State lands shall never be do
nated to companies, nor pri
vate individuals. 19. Appropriations for the expenses
of the government shall be
made. 20. What is to vacate an office. 21. Lotteries illegal. 22. No money shall be drawn from
the treasury, except by appro
priation. 23. Freedom of speech in debate. 24. When an act shall take effect.
ARTICLE IV. Legislative Apportionment. 1. Until otherwise provided for by
law, the senatorial and representative districts shall be as follows.
quorum. 8. Each house shall keep a journal
of its proceedings. 9. A bill may originate in either
house. 10. The enacting clause of the law. 11. Every bill and resolution should
be read at large at three
different days in each house. 12. When members shall be privi
leged from arrest. 13. No person elected to the Legis
lature shall receive any civil
appointment within this State. 14. The Senate and House of Rep
resentatives shall have the
sole power of impeachment.
local or special law in any
Executive Department. 1. To consist of whom. 2. To be eligible to the office of
Governor, or Lieutenant-Gov
ernor. 3. Treasurer shall be ineligible for
office for two years next after
two consecutive terms. 4. What shall be done with the
election returns for the offices
of the executive. 5. All civil officers liable to in
peachment. 6. Supreme executive power vested
in the Governor. 7. Governor's message. 8. He may convene the Legislature. 9. In case of disagreement be
tween the two houses, he may
adjourn them. 10. He shall nominate all officers,
etc. 11. In case of vacancy, how filled.
Section 12. The Governor may remove any
officer, etc. 13. He shall have the power to
grant reprieves and pardons. 14. He shall be commander-in-chief
of the militia. 16. Every bill shall be signed by
the Governor before it becomes
a law, 16. Lieutenant-Governor to act as
Governor, when. 17. He shall be president of the
Senate and only vote in case
of tie. 18. When the president of the
Senate shall act as Governor. 19. A Commissioner of Public
Lands and Buildings, Secretary of State, Treasurer and Attorney-General should form a board, which shall have general supervision of all
State buildings and land. 20. How certain State offices, if
vacant, are to be filled. 21. All moneys received and dis
bursed shall be accounted for by officers of the executive
department. 22. They shall report to the Gover
nor at least ten days preceding the regular session of the
Legislature. 23. The seal of State to be kept by
the Secretary. 24. The salaries of State officers. 25. They shall give bonds of at
least double the amount of money which comes into their
hands. 26. No other executive State office
shall be continued or created.
Section 3. At least two terms of the Su
preme Court shall be held each year at the seat of gov
ernment. 4. Election of judges of Supreme
Court.-Term of office. 5. They shall be classified by lot. 6. The judge having the shortest
term shall be Chief Justice. 7. To be eligible to the office of
judge of the Supreme Court. 8. The reporter shall also act as
cierk of the Supreme Court,
librarian, etc. 9. The District Courts, their juris
diction. 10. The State shall be divided into
six judicial districts, as fol
lows. 11. The number of judges of Dis. 1
trict Courts, etc., may be in
creased. 12. Judges of District Courts may
hold courts for each other. 13. Their salary. 14. No judge of the Supreme or
District Court may receive other compensation or per
quisites. 15. There shall be a judge of the
County Court.- His term of
office. 16. County Courts shall be courts
of record.— Their jurisdiction. 17. Appeals to the District Courts
and County Courts allowed in
criminal cases. 18. The election of justices of the
peace and police magistrates. 19. All laws relating to courts shall
be general and of uniform
operation. 20. All officers provided for in this
article shall hold their office until their successor shall be
qualified. 21. How offices are filled in case of
vacancy in the Supreme and
District Court. 22. The State may sue and be sued. 23. Jurisdiction of the judges of
Courts of Record. 24. Style of process.
| Section Rights of Suffrage.
11. No sectarian instruction shall Section
be allowed in any school. 1. To be eligible as a voter.
12. Reform schools. 2. Those who may not vote.
ARTICLE IX. 3. Every elector in the actual military service of the United
Revenue and Finance. States, or of this State, not 1. The need for revenue shall be in the regular army, will ex- 1 raised by the levying of a tax. ercise.
- Peddlers, auctioneers, etc., 4. No soldier or seaman of the
may be taxed. United States will be deemed 2. What property is to be exempt a resident of this State be
from taxation. cause stationed therein.
3. The right of redemption from 5. Electors privileged from arrest,
all sales of real estate for the etc.
nonpayment of taxes shall exARTICLE VIII.
ist in the favor of owners. Education.
4. The Legislature shall have no 1. A board of commissioners shall
power to release any of the be constituted for selling and
subdivisions of the State, nor leasing lands for educational the inhabitants from their purposes.
proportionate share of taxes. 2. All land and money bequeathed 5. The limit of tax to be assessed for educational purposes shall
by Congress. be used in accordance with 6. Cities, towns, etc., shall have the the terms of such bequest.
power to make local improve3. Enumeration of perpetual fund
ments by special assessments. for common school purposes. 7. Private property not taken and 4. All other grants, gifts, etc.,
held for payment of the corhereafter made to this State porate debt of municipal corand not otherwise provided
porations. for, shall be used for mainte- 8. The Legislature at its first sesnance of the common schools.
sions shall provide by law 5. All finés, penalties and license
for the funding of all outmoney shall be paid over to
standing indebtedness, at a rate of the counties for the use of
interest not to exceed eight common schools.
per cent per annum. 6. The Legislature shall provide
9. The order to examine and adjust for free instruction in common
all ciaims upon the treasury. schools.
ARTICLE X. 7. The income of the school fund
be among the several school dis
formed with an area of less tricts of the State.
than four hundred square 8. Lands for educational purposes
miles. shall not be sold for less than 2. No county shall be divided withseven dollars an acre.
out first submitting it to the 9. All funds belonging to the State
people. for educational purposes shall 3. There shall be territory be deemed trust funds.
stricken from an organized 10. The general government of the county unless a majority of University of Nebraska, how
the voters therein petition for vested.
Section 1. No corporation shall be created
by special law, etc. 2. The street railways in cities
and towns before building must get the consent of a
majority of the electors, 3. All corporations may sue and
be sued. 4. In cases of claims against corporations,
the exact amount justly due shall first
be ascertained. 5. The Legislature shall provide
by law for the election of
directors, etc. 6. All existing charters or grants
of special or exclusive privileges under which organizations shall not have taken place within sixty days from the time this Constitution takes effect, shall have no
validity. 7. Every stockholder in a banking corporation sha!1
be respon sible and liable to its creditors, etc.
ARTICLE XIV. State, County and Municipal
by law for the election of
officers as may be necessary. 5. It shall provide by general law
for township, organizations,
ing business in this State shall
movable property of a rail-
and telegraph may not consoli-
highways, and the Legislature
issue stock or bonds except
for money, etc. 6. The right of eminent domain
shall never be abridged.
abuses and prevent unjust dis-
ized under the laws of any
1. The State may, to meet casual
deficits in the revenues, contract debts not to exceed
$100,000. 2. No subdivision of the State
shall make donations to any railroad, etc., for works of
internal improvement. 3. The credit of the State Bhall
never be given or loaned.
be subscriber to the capital
1. The Legislature shall determine
what persons shall constitute the militia of the State.