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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NEBRASKA.

Article 1. Bill of rights. 2. Distribution of powers. 3. Legislative. 4. Legislative apportionment. 5. Executive department. 6. Judicial department. 7. Rights of suffrage. 8. Education. 9. Revenue and finance. 10. Counties. 11. Railroad corporations. 12. Municipal corporations. 13. Miscellaneous corporations. 14. State, county and municipal

indebtedness. 15. Militia. 16. Miscellaneous provisions. 17. Amendments. 18. Schedule.

ARTICLE I. Section Bill of Rights. 1. All persons are by nature free

and independent, and have

certain inherent rights. 2. There shall be neither slavery

nor involuntary servitude, ex

cept as punishment for crime. 3. No person shall be deprived of

life, liberty or property with

out due process of law. 4. Freedom of religious thought

and worship. 5. Freedom of speech.- In trials

for libel, truth may be given

in evidence. 6. The right of trial by jury shall

remain inviolate. 7. Unreasonable searches and seiz

ures prohibited. 8. The privilege of а. writ of

habeas corpus shall not be

suspended. 9. Excessive bail shall not be re

quired, nor excessive fines

Section

imposed, nor cruel punishment

inflicted. 10. No person shall be held for a

criminal offense, unless on in

dictment of the grand jury. 11. In criminal prosecutions, the

accused shall have the right to defend in person or by

counsel. 12. No person shall be compelled in

any criminal case to give evidence against himself or bo twice put in jeopardy for the

same offense. 13. All courts shall be open.- Jus

tice shall be administered

without delay. 14. Treason against the State de

fined. 15. Conviction shall not work cor

ruption of blood. 16. No bill of attainder, or ex post

facto law shall be passed. 17. Military shall be subordinate to

the civil power. 18. The quartering of soldiers. 19. The people have the right to

assemble peaceably to consult

for the common good. 20. No person shall be imprisoned

for debt, unless. 21. Private property shall not be

taken for public use without

Just compensation. 22. All elections shall be free. 23. The writ of error shall be a

writ of right in all cases of

felony. 24. The right to be heard in all

civil cases in a court of last

resort shall not be denied. 25. Resident allens and citizens

have same right in property. 26. The enumeration of these rights

shall not be construed to imSection

pair other rights retained by the people.

ARTICLE II.

Distribution of Powers. 1. Legislative, executive and ju

dicial.

ARTICLE III.

Legislative. 1. Legislative authority is vested

in the Senate and House of

Representatives. 2. An enumeration of the inhabi

tants to be taken every ten

years. 3. The House of Representatives

shall consist of eighty-four members; the Senate of thirty

members. 4. Members of the Legislature.

Their term of office and pay. 5. To be eligible to the office of

Senator or Representative. 8. No person holding office under

the United States, etc., shall be eligible to have a seat in

the Legislature. 7. When the session of the Legis

lature shall commence. The majority of members of each house shall constitute

a

Section
16. It shall not grant extra com-

pensation, nor shall the com-
pensation of any public officer
be increased or diminished

during his term of office. 17. The Legislature shall never

alienate the salt springs be

longing to the State. 18. State lands shall never be do

nated to companies, nor pri

vate individuals. 19. Appropriations for the expenses

of the government shall be

made. 20. What is to vacate an office. 21. Lotteries illegal. 22. No money shall be drawn from

the treasury, except by appro

priation. 23. Freedom of speech in debate. 24. When an act shall take effect.

ARTICLE IV. Legislative Apportionment. 1. Until otherwise provided for by

law, the senatorial and representative districts shall be as follows.

quorum. 8. Each house shall keep a journal

of its proceedings. 9. A bill may originate in either

house. 10. The enacting clause of the law. 11. Every bill and resolution should

be read at large at three

different days in each house. 12. When members shall be privi

leged from arrest. 13. No person elected to the Legis

lature shall receive any civil

appointment within this State. 14. The Senate and House of Rep

resentatives shall have the

sole power of impeachment.
15. The Legislature shall not pass

local or special law in any
of the following cases.

ARTICLE V.

Executive Department. 1. To consist of whom. 2. To be eligible to the office of

Governor, or Lieutenant-Gov

ernor. 3. Treasurer shall be ineligible for

office for two years next after

two consecutive terms. 4. What shall be done with the

election returns for the offices

of the executive. 5. All civil officers liable to in

peachment. 6. Supreme executive power vested

in the Governor. 7. Governor's message. 8. He may convene the Legislature. 9. In case of disagreement be

tween the two houses, he may

adjourn them. 10. He shall nominate all officers,

etc. 11. In case of vacancy, how filled.

Section 12. The Governor may remove any

officer, etc. 13. He shall have the power to

grant reprieves and pardons. 14. He shall be commander-in-chief

of the militia. 16. Every bill shall be signed by

the Governor before it becomes

a law, 16. Lieutenant-Governor to act as

Governor, when. 17. He shall be president of the

Senate and only vote in case

of tie. 18. When the president of the

Senate shall act as Governor. 19. A Commissioner of Public

Lands and Buildings, Secretary of State, Treasurer and Attorney-General should form a board, which shall have general supervision of all

State buildings and land. 20. How certain State offices, if

vacant, are to be filled. 21. All moneys received and dis

bursed shall be accounted for by officers of the executive

department. 22. They shall report to the Gover

nor at least ten days preceding the regular session of the

Legislature. 23. The seal of State to be kept by

the Secretary. 24. The salaries of State officers. 25. They shall give bonds of at

least double the amount of money which comes into their

hands. 26. No other executive State office

shall be continued or created.

Section 3. At least two terms of the Su

preme Court shall be held each year at the seat of gov

ernment. 4. Election of judges of Supreme

Court.-Term of office. 5. They shall be classified by lot. 6. The judge having the shortest

term shall be Chief Justice. 7. To be eligible to the office of

judge of the Supreme Court. 8. The reporter shall also act as

cierk of the Supreme Court,

librarian, etc. 9. The District Courts, their juris

diction. 10. The State shall be divided into

six judicial districts, as fol

lows. 11. The number of judges of Dis. 1

trict Courts, etc., may be in

creased. 12. Judges of District Courts may

hold courts for each other. 13. Their salary. 14. No judge of the Supreme or

District Court may receive other compensation or per

quisites. 15. There shall be a judge of the

County Court.- His term of

office. 16. County Courts shall be courts

of record.— Their jurisdiction. 17. Appeals to the District Courts

and County Courts allowed in

criminal cases. 18. The election of justices of the

peace and police magistrates. 19. All laws relating to courts shall

be general and of uniform

operation. 20. All officers provided for in this

article shall hold their office until their successor shall be

qualified. 21. How offices are filled in case of

vacancy in the Supreme and

District Court. 22. The State may sue and be sued. 23. Jurisdiction of the judges of

Courts of Record. 24. Style of process.

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ARTICLE VII.

| Section Rights of Suffrage.

11. No sectarian instruction shall Section

be allowed in any school. 1. To be eligible as a voter.

12. Reform schools. 2. Those who may not vote.

ARTICLE IX. 3. Every elector in the actual military service of the United

Revenue and Finance. States, or of this State, not 1. The need for revenue shall be in the regular army, will ex- 1 raised by the levying of a tax. ercise.

- Peddlers, auctioneers, etc., 4. No soldier or seaman of the

may be taxed. United States will be deemed 2. What property is to be exempt a resident of this State be

from taxation. cause stationed therein.

3. The right of redemption from 5. Electors privileged from arrest,

all sales of real estate for the etc.

nonpayment of taxes shall exARTICLE VIII.

ist in the favor of owners. Education.

4. The Legislature shall have no 1. A board of commissioners shall

power to release any of the be constituted for selling and

subdivisions of the State, nor leasing lands for educational the inhabitants from their purposes.

proportionate share of taxes. 2. All land and money bequeathed 5. The limit of tax to be assessed for educational purposes shall

by Congress. be used in accordance with 6. Cities, towns, etc., shall have the the terms of such bequest.

power to make local improve3. Enumeration of perpetual fund

ments by special assessments. for common school purposes. 7. Private property not taken and 4. All other grants, gifts, etc.,

held for payment of the corhereafter made to this State porate debt of municipal corand not otherwise provided

porations. for, shall be used for mainte- 8. The Legislature at its first sesnance of the common schools.

sions shall provide by law 5. All finés, penalties and license

for the funding of all outmoney shall be paid over to

standing indebtedness, at a rate of the counties for the use of

interest not to exceed eight common schools.

per cent per annum. 6. The Legislature shall provide

9. The order to examine and adjust for free instruction in common

all ciaims upon the treasury. schools.

ARTICLE X. 7. The income of the school fund

Counties.
shall be equitably distributed 1. New counties shall not

be among the several school dis

formed with an area of less tricts of the State.

than four hundred square 8. Lands for educational purposes

miles. shall not be sold for less than 2. No county shall be divided withseven dollars an acre.

out first submitting it to the 9. All funds belonging to the State

people. for educational purposes shall 3. There shall be territory be deemed trust funds.

stricken from an organized 10. The general government of the county unless a majority of University of Nebraska, how

the voters therein petition for vested.

such division.

no

ARTICLE XIII.

Miscellaneous Corporations.

etc.,

Section 1. No corporation shall be created

by special law, etc. 2. The street railways in cities

and towns before building must get the consent of a

majority of the electors, 3. All corporations may sue and

be sued. 4. In cases of claims against corporations,

the exact amount justly due shall first

be ascertained. 5. The Legislature shall provide

by law for the election of

directors, etc. 6. All existing charters or grants

of special or exclusive privileges under which organizations shall not have taken place within sixty days from the time this Constitution takes effect, shall have no

validity. 7. Every stockholder in a banking corporation sha!1

be respon sible and liable to its creditors, etc.

ARTICLE XIV. State, County and Municipal

Sectinn
4. The Legislature should provide

by law for the election of
such county and township

officers as may be necessary. 5. It shall provide by general law

for township, organizations,
etc.

ARTICLE XI.

Railroad Corporations.
1. Every railroad corporation do-

ing business in this State shall
maintain a public office in the

State.
2. Other particulars in regard to

railroads.
2. The rolling stock and other

movable property of a rail-
road considered personal

property.
3. Railroads, railroad companies

and telegraph may not consoli-
date with a parallel or com-

peting line.
4. Railroads are considered public

highways, and the Legislature
may establish reasonable

rates.
5. No railroad corporations shall

issue stock or bonds except

for money, etc. 6. The right of eminent domain

shall never be abridged.
7. Laws shall be passed to correct

abuses and prevent unjust dis-
criminations in charges of
express, telegraph and rail-

road companies.
8. No rallroad corporation, organ-

ized under the laws of any
other State or of the United
States, doing business in this
State, shall be entitled to ex-
ercise the right of eminent
domain.

Indebtedness.

1. The State may, to meet casual

deficits in the revenues, contract debts not to exceed

$100,000. 2. No subdivision of the State

shall make donations to any railroad, etc., for works of

internal improvement. 3. The credit of the State Bhall

never be given or loaned.

ARTICLE XV.

Militia.

ARTICLE XII.

Municipal Corporations,
1. No subdivision of the State shall

be subscriber to the capital
stock in any railroad or pri-
vate corporation.

1. The Legislature shall determine

what persons shall constitute the militia of the State.

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