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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MISSOURI.
Article 1. Boundaries. 2. Bill of rights. 3. Distribution of powers. 4. Legislative department. 5. Executive. 6. Judicial. 7. Impeachments. 8. Suffrage and elections. 9. Counties, cities and towns. 10. Revenue and taxation. 11. Education. 12. Corporations. 13. Militia. 14. Miscellaneous provisions. 15. Mode of amending the Constitu
PREAMBLE. Constitution established.
Boundaries. Section 1. Boundaries of the State-juris
9. Elections to be free and open. 10. Courts shall be open to every
person. 11. Security from searches and
seizures. 12. Criminal prosecutions to be by
indictment or information. 13. Treason defined.-Corruption of
blood. 14. Freedom of speech allowed –
truth of publication may be
given in evidence. 15. Ex post facto laws, and laws
making irrevocable grants of
special privileges, forbidden. 16. No imprisonment for debt, ex
cept, when. 17. Right to keep and bear arms. 18. Officers must devote their time
to the duties of their offices. 19. Collectors and receivers,
not eligible to office, when. 20. Private property taken for pri
vate use--for public use. 21. Private property taken for pub
lic use-compensation. 22. Criminal prosecutions, right of
accused, 23. No self-crimination, nor twice
in jeopardy. 24. Bail allowed, when. 25. Excessive ball and fines, and
cruel punishments, forbidden. 26. Writ of habeas corpus shall not
be suspended. 27. Military subject to civil power. 28. Trial by jury - grand jury to
consist of twelve men. 29. Right of petition and remon
strance guaranteed. 30. Due process of law. 31. Slavery and involuntary servi
tude forbidden. 32. Reservation of rights.
Bill of Rights. Section 1. Origin of political power. 2. Right to regulate internal af
fairs, and to abolish existing
form of government. 3. Missouri a free and independ
ent State - right of local self
government. 4. The object of constitutional
government. 5. Religious liberty and freedom
of conscience guaranteed. 6. Religious worship. 7. No aid or preference given to
churches. 8. Religious corporations estab
lished under a general law, may hold certain real estate.
The Distribution of Powers. Section 1. Powers divided into three de
Legislative Department. 1. Vested in general assembly.
Representation and Apportionment. 2. Time of electing representatives
-ratio of apportionment. 3. Division of counties into repre
sentative districts. 4. Qualifications of representa
tives. 5. Thirty-four (senators senator
ial districts. 6. Qualifications of senators - di
vision of counties into sena
or to another place.
tors and representatives -- to
distributed 9. Districts may be altered. 10. First election of senators and
representatives. 11. The present senatorial districts. 12. Senators and representatives
cannot hold another office
certain officers not eligible. 13. Removal of residence vacates
office. 14. Writs of election to fill va
cancies. 15. Oath of office, refusal to take,
penalty for violation of. 16. Pay of members and expenses
of committees. 17. Organization - punishment of
disorderly members and other
persons. 18. Quorum-compelling attendance
of absent members. 19. Doors to be open. 20. Time of meeting. 21. Adjournment for more than
Legislative Proceedings. 24. Style of laws. 25. Laws to be passed by bill
amendments. 26. Bills, where to originate
amendments to be read on
three different days. 27. Bills to be reported upon and
printed. 28. Bills to contain but one subject. 29. Amendments to be engrossed
and printed. 30. Proceedings when bills are re
turned amended. 31. Final vote on bill. 32. Vote on amendments and re
ports of committees. 33. Reviving and re-enacting laws. 34. Amendments by striking out
and inserting words. 35. Motion to reconsider. 36. When laws shall take effect. 37. Bills to be signed by presiding
officers, objections to be dis
posed of. 38. Bills presented to governor for
approval. 39. Proceedings when a bill is re
turned without approval. 40. Failure of governor to perform
duty, bill to be enrolled as an
authentic act. 41. Revising the laws. 42. Each house shall publish a
journal — yeas and nays de manded, noting names of absentees.
Limitation on Legislative Power. 43. Revenue to be paid into treas
ury — order of appropriations. 44. Power of the legislature to cre
ate debts and liabilities lim
ited. 45. State's credit cannot be
Section 15. Qualifications and duties of
lieutenant-governor. 16. Lieutenant-governor to act as
governor, when. 17. President of the senate - other
persons to act as governor. 18. Pay of lieutenant-governor. 19. Qualifications of executive offi
cers. 20. Seal of the State to be kept by
secretary of state, 21. Duties of secretary of state. 22. Accounts and reports of execu
tive officers, penalty fa
report. 23. Commissions of officers. 24. Pay of executive officers fees
to be paid into State treasury. 25. Contested elections of executive
Judicial Department. 1. Judicial power, where vested. 2. Jurisdiction of supreme court. 3. Superintending control of su
preme court - power to issue
writs. 4. Term of office of judges - chief
justice. 5. Quorum, number
judges, their duties. 6. Qualifications of judges supreme
court. 7. Full term of judges to com
mence, when, 8. Term of present judges, elec
tions to fill their places. 9. Time and place of holding su
preme court. 10. Accommodations for supreme
court. 11. Judges divided in opinion. 12. St. Louis court of appeals, juris
diction of-appeals to supreme
court. 13. Judges of court of appeals,
their number, election, quali
fications and pay. 14. Duties judges - quorum
hibited, except in case of pub
lic calamity. 47. Municipalities cannot lend their
credit nor become stockhold
ers. 48. Extra allowance to officers and
payment of unauthorized con
tracts prohibited. 49. Subscriptions by the State pro
hibited. 50. State lien on railroads not to
be released. 51. Corporation indebtedness shall
not be released. 52. Payment of the war debt. 53. Special legislation prohibited –
special acts may be repealed. 54. Notice of application for the
enactment of local laws. 55. Business of extra sessions. 56. Seat of government to remain
at Jefferson City.
Executive Department. 1. Executive officers, place of resi
dence and duties. 2. Terms of office-when elected
certain officers ineligible as
their own successors. 3. Returns of elections for execu
tive officers — tie, how deter
mined. 4. The supreme executive power. 5. Qualifications of governor. 6. Duties of governor, generally. 7. Governor may call out militia
and command them. 8. Pardoning power. 9. Governor shall give information
to general assembly-may call
extra sessions. 10. Governor's message to account
for moneys and furnish esti
mates of expenses. 11. Vacancies in office, how filled. 12. Bills presented to governor for
approval. 13. Governor may object to a por
tion of a bill. 14. Resolutions to be approved
effect of resolutions.
terms of court. 15. Opinions and practice in court
Impeachments. Section. 1. Who liable, and for what
causes. 2. Trial of impeachments, punish
Suffrage and Elections. 1. Time of holding elections. 2. Qualifications of voters. 3. Mode of conducting elections. 4. Voters privileged from arrest. 5. Registration of voters. 6. Elections by persons in repre
sentative capacity. 7. Gaining or losing residence. 8. Paupers and criminals disquali
fied. 9. Contested elections generally. 10. Persons convicted of crime. 11. United States soldiers not to
vote. 12. Aliens, etc., cannot hold office.
Section 16. Election of judges - terms of
office — presiding judge. 17. Appointment of judges by the
governor. 18. Clerk of court of appeals. 19. Cases in supreme court to be
certified to court of appeals. 20. Cases triable within what time. 21. Records of supreme court at
St. Louis and St. Joseph. 22. Jurisdiction and terms of cir
cuit court. 23. Superintending control of cir
cuit courts. 24. Judicial circuits-may be chang
ed, etc.-one judge to each. 25. Election, terms of office and
duties of circuit judges. 26. Qualifications of circuit judges. 27. Circuit court of St. Louis
of court of appeals. 28. Provisions for additional judges. 29. When judge of neighboring cir
cuit may preside. 30. Election of judges - ties and
contested elections. 31. Criminal courts. 32. Vacancy in office of judge. 33. Salaries of judges, not to be in
creased or diminished. 34. Probate courts, jurisdiction of. 35. Jurisdiction-practice-clerks of
probate courts. 36. County courts, jurisdiction and
judges of. 37. Justices of the peace. 38. Writs and prosecutions in name
of State -- conclusion of in
dictments. 39. Clerks of courts. 40. Election of clerks, ties and con
tests. 41. Removal of judges for disa
bility. 42. Provision as to existing courts, 43. Publication of judicial decis
ions. 44. May be published by any per
ARTICLE IX. Counties, Cities and Towns. 1. Existing counties recognized. 2. Removal of county seats. 3. New counties-counties cannot
be reduced below the ratio of
representation. 4. Portion of county stricken ofr
and added to another. 5. Liability of new counties. 6. Becoming stockholders, etc.,
prohibited — provision as to
existing subscriptions. 7. Organization and classification
of cities and towns. 8. Township organization-justices
of county court. 9. Abandoning township organiza
tion. 10. Sheriffs and coroners. 11. Vacancy in office of sheriff and
coroner. 12. Fees of county officers. 13. Fees of officers generally
quarterly returns. 14. Provisions for extra officials. 15. Consolidation of city and
Section 16. Charters of large cities, how
ment of receipts and expendiframed and adopted.
tures. 17. Certain features of such char- 20. Moneys arising from loans, how ters.
applied. 18. No person can hold two offices, 21. Dues from corporations on their when.
capital stock. 19. Excess of municipal indebtedness, how paid.
1. Free schools for persons be20. May extend her limits and
tween ages of six and twenty adopt a charter.
years. 21. Authentication of charter, ju- 2. Custody of school fund cerdicial notice of.
tain districts not entitled to. 22. Amendment of charter.
any portion of funds. 23. Certain special provisions.
3. Schools for colored children. 24. Courts of St. Louis county - 4. Board of education. Eighth judicial circuit.
5. State university. 25. St. Louis remains subject to 6. Public school fund. general law.
7. Deficiency in public school
fund. ARTICLE X.
8. County school fund.
9. Investment of public school Revenue and Taxation.
fund. 1. The taxing power.
10. Investment of county school 2. Power to tax corporations.
fund. 3. Taxes to be collected for pub
11. Funds shall not be used for lic purposes and to be uni
religious or sectarian purform.
poses. 4. Property to be taxed in proportion to value.
ARTICLE XII. 5. Taxing railroads.
Corporations. 6. Exemptions.
1. Existing unorganized corpora7. Other, exemptions void.
tions. 8. Rate for State purposes.
2. To be created, etc., by general 9. Municipalities liable for State
3. Forfeited charters. 10. Taxes for municipal purposes. 4. Right of eminent domain - jury 11. Rate and valuation for munici
trials. pal purposes.
5. Subject to police power of the 12. Limitation on municipal in
6. Election of directors. 13. Private property cannot be sold
7. Not to engage in other busifor municipal debts.
ness - holding real estate. 14. Ordinance of 1865 - payment of
8. Increase of stock and indebtedbonded debt.
ness. 15. State funds to be deposited in
9. Individual liability of stockbank.
holders. 16. Treasurer's accounts, quarterly
10. Preferred stock. statements. 17. Speculation in public funds pro
11. "Corporation" defined. hibited.
Railroads. 18. State board of equalization. 12. Discrimination prohibited-com19. Appropriations generally-state-i mutation tickets.