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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MISSOURI.

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Article 1. Boundaries. 2. Bill of rights. 3. Distribution of powers. 4. Legislative department. 5. Executive. 6. Judicial. 7. Impeachments. 8. Suffrage and elections. 9. Counties, cities and towns. 10. Revenue and taxation. 11. Education. 12. Corporations. 13. Militia. 14. Miscellaneous provisions. 15. Mode of amending the Constitu

tion. Schedule.

PREAMBLE. Constitution established.

ARTICLE I.

Boundaries. Section 1. Boundaries of the State-juris

diction.

Section

9. Elections to be free and open. 10. Courts shall be open to every

person. 11. Security from searches and

seizures. 12. Criminal prosecutions to be by

indictment or information. 13. Treason defined.-Corruption of

blood. 14. Freedom of speech allowed –

truth of publication may be

given in evidence. 15. Ex post facto laws, and laws

making irrevocable grants of

special privileges, forbidden. 16. No imprisonment for debt, ex

cept, when. 17. Right to keep and bear arms. 18. Officers must devote their time

to the duties of their offices. 19. Collectors and receivers,

not eligible to office, when. 20. Private property taken for pri

vate use--for public use. 21. Private property taken for pub

lic use-compensation. 22. Criminal prosecutions, right of

accused, 23. No self-crimination, nor twice

in jeopardy. 24. Bail allowed, when. 25. Excessive ball and fines, and

cruel punishments, forbidden. 26. Writ of habeas corpus shall not

be suspended. 27. Military subject to civil power. 28. Trial by jury - grand jury to

consist of twelve men. 29. Right of petition and remon

strance guaranteed. 30. Due process of law. 31. Slavery and involuntary servi

tude forbidden. 32. Reservation of rights.

ARTICLE II.

Bill of Rights. Section 1. Origin of political power. 2. Right to regulate internal af

fairs, and to abolish existing

form of government. 3. Missouri a free and independ

ent State - right of local self

government. 4. The object of constitutional

government. 5. Religious liberty and freedom

of conscience guaranteed. 6. Religious worship. 7. No aid or preference given to

churches. 8. Religious corporations estab

lished under a general law, may hold certain real estate.

ARTICLE III.

The Distribution of Powers. Section 1. Powers divided into three de

partments.

ARTICLE IV.

Legislative Department. 1. Vested in general assembly.

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Representation and Apportionment. 2. Time of electing representatives

-ratio of apportionment. 3. Division of counties into repre

sentative districts. 4. Qualifications of representa

tives. 5. Thirty-four (senators senator

ial districts. 6. Qualifications of senators - di

vision of counties into sena

Section
22. Adjournment for three days or

less.
23. Adjournment without consent

or to another place.

torial districts.
7. Rule of apportionment for sena-

tors and representatives -- to
be revised and adjusted on
the basis of the United States

census.
8. Number of representatives, how

distributed 9. Districts may be altered. 10. First election of senators and

representatives. 11. The present senatorial districts. 12. Senators and representatives

cannot hold another office

certain officers not eligible. 13. Removal of residence vacates

office. 14. Writs of election to fill va

cancies. 15. Oath of office, refusal to take,

penalty for violation of. 16. Pay of members and expenses

of committees. 17. Organization - punishment of

disorderly members and other

persons. 18. Quorum-compelling attendance

of absent members. 19. Doors to be open. 20. Time of meeting. 21. Adjournment for more than

three days.

Legislative Proceedings. 24. Style of laws. 25. Laws to be passed by bill

amendments. 26. Bills, where to originate

amendments to be read on

three different days. 27. Bills to be reported upon and

printed. 28. Bills to contain but one subject. 29. Amendments to be engrossed

and printed. 30. Proceedings when bills are re

turned amended. 31. Final vote on bill. 32. Vote on amendments and re

ports of committees. 33. Reviving and re-enacting laws. 34. Amendments by striking out

and inserting words. 35. Motion to reconsider. 36. When laws shall take effect. 37. Bills to be signed by presiding

officers, objections to be dis

posed of. 38. Bills presented to governor for

approval. 39. Proceedings when a bill is re

turned without approval. 40. Failure of governor to perform

duty, bill to be enrolled as an

authentic act. 41. Revising the laws. 42. Each house shall publish a

journal — yeas and nays de manded, noting names of absentees.

Limitation on Legislative Power. 43. Revenue to be paid into treas

ury — order of appropriations. 44. Power of the legislature to cre

ate debts and liabilities lim

ited. 45. State's credit cannot be

pledged.

Section 15. Qualifications and duties of

lieutenant-governor. 16. Lieutenant-governor to act as

governor, when. 17. President of the senate - other

persons to act as governor. 18. Pay of lieutenant-governor. 19. Qualifications of executive offi

cers. 20. Seal of the State to be kept by

secretary of state, 21. Duties of secretary of state. 22. Accounts and reports of execu

tive officers, penalty fa

report. 23. Commissions of officers. 24. Pay of executive officers fees

to be paid into State treasury. 25. Contested elections of executive

officers.

ARTICLE VI.

Judicial Department. 1. Judicial power, where vested. 2. Jurisdiction of supreme court. 3. Superintending control of su

preme court - power to issue

writs. 4. Term of office of judges - chief

justice. 5. Quorum, number

of

judges, their duties. 6. Qualifications of judges supreme

court. 7. Full term of judges to com

mence, when, 8. Term of present judges, elec

tions to fill their places. 9. Time and place of holding su

preme court. 10. Accommodations for supreme

court. 11. Judges divided in opinion. 12. St. Louis court of appeals, juris

diction of-appeals to supreme

court. 13. Judges of court of appeals,

their number, election, quali

fications and pay. 14. Duties judges - quorum

Section
46. Grants of public money pro-

hibited, except in case of pub

lic calamity. 47. Municipalities cannot lend their

credit nor become stockhold

ers. 48. Extra allowance to officers and

payment of unauthorized con

tracts prohibited. 49. Subscriptions by the State pro

hibited. 50. State lien on railroads not to

be released. 51. Corporation indebtedness shall

not be released. 52. Payment of the war debt. 53. Special legislation prohibited –

special acts may be repealed. 54. Notice of application for the

enactment of local laws. 55. Business of extra sessions. 56. Seat of government to remain

at Jefferson City.

ARTICLE V.

Executive Department. 1. Executive officers, place of resi

dence and duties. 2. Terms of office-when elected

certain officers ineligible as

their own successors. 3. Returns of elections for execu

tive officers — tie, how deter

mined. 4. The supreme executive power. 5. Qualifications of governor. 6. Duties of governor, generally. 7. Governor may call out militia

and command them. 8. Pardoning power. 9. Governor shall give information

to general assembly-may call

extra sessions. 10. Governor's message to account

for moneys and furnish esti

mates of expenses. 11. Vacancies in office, how filled. 12. Bills presented to governor for

approval. 13. Governor may object to a por

tion of a bill. 14. Resolutions to be approved

effect of resolutions.

terms of court. 15. Opinions and practice in court

of appeals.

of

ARTICLE VII.

Impeachments. Section. 1. Who liable, and for what

causes. 2. Trial of impeachments, punish

ment.

ARTICLE VIII.

Suffrage and Elections. 1. Time of holding elections. 2. Qualifications of voters. 3. Mode of conducting elections. 4. Voters privileged from arrest. 5. Registration of voters. 6. Elections by persons in repre

sentative capacity. 7. Gaining or losing residence. 8. Paupers and criminals disquali

fied. 9. Contested elections generally. 10. Persons convicted of crime. 11. United States soldiers not to

vote. 12. Aliens, etc., cannot hold office.

Section 16. Election of judges - terms of

office — presiding judge. 17. Appointment of judges by the

governor. 18. Clerk of court of appeals. 19. Cases in supreme court to be

certified to court of appeals. 20. Cases triable within what time. 21. Records of supreme court at

St. Louis and St. Joseph. 22. Jurisdiction and terms of cir

cuit court. 23. Superintending control of cir

cuit courts. 24. Judicial circuits-may be chang

ed, etc.-one judge to each. 25. Election, terms of office and

duties of circuit judges. 26. Qualifications of circuit judges. 27. Circuit court of St. Louis

county-appellate jurisdiction

of court of appeals. 28. Provisions for additional judges. 29. When judge of neighboring cir

cuit may preside. 30. Election of judges - ties and

contested elections. 31. Criminal courts. 32. Vacancy in office of judge. 33. Salaries of judges, not to be in

creased or diminished. 34. Probate courts, jurisdiction of. 35. Jurisdiction-practice-clerks of

probate courts. 36. County courts, jurisdiction and

judges of. 37. Justices of the peace. 38. Writs and prosecutions in name

of State -- conclusion of in

dictments. 39. Clerks of courts. 40. Election of clerks, ties and con

tests. 41. Removal of judges for disa

bility. 42. Provision as to existing courts, 43. Publication of judicial decis

ions. 44. May be published by any per

sor.

ARTICLE IX. Counties, Cities and Towns. 1. Existing counties recognized. 2. Removal of county seats. 3. New counties-counties cannot

be reduced below the ratio of

representation. 4. Portion of county stricken ofr

and added to another. 5. Liability of new counties. 6. Becoming stockholders, etc.,

prohibited — provision as to

existing subscriptions. 7. Organization and classification

of cities and towns. 8. Township organization-justices

of county court. 9. Abandoning township organiza

tion. 10. Sheriffs and coroners. 11. Vacancy in office of sheriff and

coroner. 12. Fees of county officers. 13. Fees of officers generally

quarterly returns. 14. Provisions for extra officials. 15. Consolidation of city and

county governments.

Section

Section 16. Charters of large cities, how

ment of receipts and expendiframed and adopted.

tures. 17. Certain features of such char- 20. Moneys arising from loans, how ters.

applied. 18. No person can hold two offices, 21. Dues from corporations on their when.

capital stock. 19. Excess of municipal indebtedness, how paid.

ARTICLE XI.

Education.
St. Louis.

1. Free schools for persons be20. May extend her limits and

tween ages of six and twenty adopt a charter.

years. 21. Authentication of charter, ju- 2. Custody of school fund cerdicial notice of.

tain districts not entitled to. 22. Amendment of charter.

any portion of funds. 23. Certain special provisions.

3. Schools for colored children. 24. Courts of St. Louis county - 4. Board of education. Eighth judicial circuit.

5. State university. 25. St. Louis remains subject to 6. Public school fund. general law.

7. Deficiency in public school

fund. ARTICLE X.

8. County school fund.

9. Investment of public school Revenue and Taxation.

fund. 1. The taxing power.

10. Investment of county school 2. Power to tax corporations.

fund. 3. Taxes to be collected for pub

11. Funds shall not be used for lic purposes and to be uni

religious or sectarian purform.

poses. 4. Property to be taxed in proportion to value.

ARTICLE XII. 5. Taxing railroads.

Corporations. 6. Exemptions.

1. Existing unorganized corpora7. Other, exemptions void.

tions. 8. Rate for State purposes.

2. To be created, etc., by general 9. Municipalities liable for State

laws. taxes.

3. Forfeited charters. 10. Taxes for municipal purposes. 4. Right of eminent domain - jury 11. Rate and valuation for munici

trials. pal purposes.

5. Subject to police power of the 12. Limitation on municipal in

State. debtedness.

6. Election of directors. 13. Private property cannot be sold

7. Not to engage in other busifor municipal debts.

ness - holding real estate. 14. Ordinance of 1865 - payment of

8. Increase of stock and indebtedbonded debt.

ness. 15. State funds to be deposited in

9. Individual liability of stockbank.

holders. 16. Treasurer's accounts, quarterly

10. Preferred stock. statements. 17. Speculation in public funds pro

11. "Corporation" defined. hibited.

Railroads. 18. State board of equalization. 12. Discrimination prohibited-com19. Appropriations generally-state-i mutation tickets.

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