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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA.

Section

unless on the presentment or

indictment of a grand jury. 8. Justice to be free and without

purchase. 9. Treason against the State de

fined. 10. Unreasonable searches and seiz

ures prohibited. 11. No bill of attainder, ex post

facto law or any law impairing the obligation of con

tracts. 12. No person to be imprisoned for

debt in this State. 13. Private property taken for pub

lic use to have just compensa

tion. 14. The military shall be subordi

nate to the civil power.-No

standing army. 15. Feudal tenures.-Leases and

grants of agricultural lands not longer than twenty-one

years. 16. The enumeration of rights in

this Constitution shall not impair others retained by the

people. 17. No religious test for holding

office or for voting.

ARTICLE II. On Name and Boundaries. 1. The name and boundaries of the

State. 2. Jurisdiction of the State on the

Mississippi and other rivers. 3. In regard to forming a Consti

tution and State government.

ARTICLE III. Distribution of the Powers of Govern

Article
1. Bill of rights.
2. On name and boundaries.
3. Distribution of the powers of

government.
4. Legislative department.
5. Executive department.
6. Judiciary.
7. Elective franchise.
8. School funds, education and sci-

ence. 9. Finance of the State and banks

and banking. 10. Corporations having no banking

privileges. 11. Counties and townships. 12. Of the militia. 13. Impeachment and removal from

office. 14. Amendments to the Constitu

tion. 15. Miscellaneous subjects.

SCHEDULE. Amendment to section 10, arti

cle 9 of the Constitution. Preamble.

ARTICLE I.

Bill of Rights. Section 1. All political power is inherent

in the people.
2. There shall be neither slavery

nor involuntary servitude in
the State, except for the pun-

ishment of crime.
3. Liberty of the press.
4. Right of trial by jury.
5. Excessive bail and excessive

fines prohibited, nor shall

cruel punishments be inflicted. 6. In criminal prosecutions, rights

of the accused. 7. No person shall be held to

answer for a criminal offense

ment. 1. The powers of the government

shall be divided into legislative, executive and judicial.

own

ARTICLE IV.

Legislative Department. Section 1. Legislature shall consist of the

Senate and House of Repre

sentatives. 2. One Senator for every five

thousand inhabitants; one Representative for every two

thousand. 3. Each House shall be judge of

the election and eligibility of its

own members; the majority of each to constitute a

quorum. 4. Two-thirds may expel a mem

ber. 5. Each House to elect its

officers.-Each House to keep

a journal. 6. May not adjourn for more than

three days. 7. Compensation, etc., of members

of the Legislature. 8. To be privileged from arrest. 9. No Senator or Representative

shall hold other office, excep

tions. 10. All bills for raising money shall

originate in the House of Re

presentatives. 11. Every bi}l shall be signed by

the Governor, etc. 12. No money shall be appropriated

except by bill.
13. Style of the laws shall be.
14. House of Representatives shall

have sole power of impeach-
ment.

Section
21. What is to be done with bills

after passing both houses.
22. No bill shall be passed by either

house upon the day of ad

journment. 23. Census to be taken every tenth

year. 24. Choosing of Senators. 25. Senators and Representatives

to be qualified electors. 26. Election of United States Sena.

tors. 27. No bill shall embrace more than

one subject. 28. Divorces shall not be granted

by the Legislature. 29. Members of both houses to take

the oath of affirmation. 30. In all elections by the Legisla

ture members shall vote viva

voce. 31. Lotteries prohibited. 32. In regard to railroads.-In re

gard to lands donated to the

State. 33. The Legislature is prohibited

from enacting special or private laws in the following

cases. 34. General laws to be uniform in

their operation. 35. Combinations to influence the

markets for food products declared a criminal conspiracy.

15. Bribery and perjury a bar to

office. 16. Two or more members of either

House may protest, etc. 17. The Governor may

fill vacancies which occur in either House.

ARTICLE V.

Erecutive Department. 1. To consist of Governor, Lieu

tenant-Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer and

Attorney-General. 2. Election of the same. 3. Term of office of Governor and

Lieutenant-Governor. 4. Governor's message.-His pow

ers and duties.-He shall take care that the laws are faith

fully executed. 5. Terms of office of other State

officers. 6. Lieutenant-Governor president

of senate, his compensation, etc.

18. Disorderly or contemptuous

conduct may be punished. 19. Doors of each House shall be

open, except. 20. Every bill to be read on three

different days.

Section

States not residents of this

State. 5. During election day voters

privileged from arrest. 6. Elections to be by ballot. 7. Electors shall be eligible to

office. 8. Women may vote for school

officers. 9. The official year of the State

shall commence the first Monday in January.

on

Section
7 The term of office of executive

officers,
8. Each officer created in this arti-

cle, before entering on his du-
ties, shall take the oath to

support the Constitution.
9. Laws shall be passed at the

first session of the Legisla-
ture after the State is admit-
ted to the Union to carry into
effect the provisions of this
article.

ARTICLE VI.

Judiciary.
1. The judicial power of the State

shall be vested in Supreme
Court, District Courts, Pro-

bate Courts, etc.
2. The Supreme Court.-Its juris-

diction and terms. 3. Election of judges. 4. The State shall be divided into

judicial districts. 5. Jurisdiction of District Courts. 6. The judges of Supreme and Dis

trict Courts.-Their compen

sation. 7. Probate Courts.--Jurisdiction of. 8. Justices of the peace.-Jurisdic

tion of. 9. Other judges. 10. In case of vacancy, how filled. 11. Judges may not hold two offices. 12. Judicial districts

may be changed. 13. Clerk of District Court. 14. In legal pleadings the style of

process. 15. Court commissioner.

ARTICLE VIII. School Fund, Education and Science. 1. The Legislature shall establish

a uniform system of public

schools. 2. The proceeds of such lands

granted by the United States,

to be used for public schools. 3. Legislature shall make such

provision by taxation, etc. 4. The University of Minnesota. 5. The permanent school fund of

the State may be loaned upon
interest at five per cent.

ARTICLE IX.
Finances of the State, Banks and Bank-

ing.
1. All taxes to be raised by the

State shall be as nearly equal

as may be. 2. The Legislature shall provide

for an annual tax sufficient to defray the expenses of the

State. 3. Laws shall be made taxing

all moneys, etc. 4. Laws shall be passed for taxing

notes, bills, etc. 5. For defraying extraordinary ex

penditures the State may contract a public debt not to ex

ceed $250,000.
6. In regard to contracting debts.
7. What debts may be contracted

in time of war.
8. The money arising from

any loan shall be applied to the objects specified.

ARTICLE VII.

Elective Franchise. 1. Qualifications for voters. 2. Treason or felony debars from

voting, unless. 3. For the purpose of voting no

person shall lose residence by reason of absence while in

service of the United States. 4. Soldiers, etc., of the United

Section 9. No money to be paid out of the

treasury except by appropria- |

tion. 10. The State shall never give or

loan its credit. 11. A detailed statement of money

drawn from the treasury to

be published. 12. Safe keeping of school funds,

etc. 13. The Legislature may pass

general banking law. 14. Hospitals for the insane, blind,

etc. 15. The Legislature shall not au

thorize any county, township or city to issue bonds.

ARTICLE XIII. Impeachment and Removal from Office. Section 1. What officers may be im

peached. 2. Removal of inferior officers. 3. Not to exercise duties of office

after impeachment. 4. Lieutenant-Governor not to act

as a member of the court in trying Governor for impeachment.

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ARTICLE X. Corporations Having no Banking Privi

amended.
2. It may be revised.

leges,
1. Corporations defined.
2. They shall not be formed under

special acts. 3. Each stockholder in a corpora

tion shall be liable for the

amount of stock owned.
4. Lands taken for a public way

shall have a fair compensa-
tion.

ARTICLE XV.

Miscellaneous Subjects. 1. The seat of government of the

State to be the city of St.

Paul. 2. Those residing on Indian lands. 3. The uniform oath of affirma

tion. 4. Seal of State. 5. The Territorial prison to be one

of the State prisons.

ARTICLE XI.

Counties and Townships. 1. New counties may be organized. 2. When a city may be organized

into a separate county. 3. Municipal and other towns may

be organized. 4. Election of county and town

officers. 5. County and township powers of

local taxation. 6. How money

may be drawn from county or township

treasury. 7. The county of Manomen is

abolished.

SCHEDULE. 1. To avoid inconvenience arising

from a change from Terri

torial to State government. 2. Territorial laws not repugnant

to this Constitution shall re

main in force. 3. All fines accruing to the Terri

tory shall accrue to the State. 4. Other changes from Territory

to State. 5. All Territorial officers, civil and

military, shall continue to

hold office, etc. 6. First session of the Legislature

of Minnesota. 7. Election laws shall continue in

force. 8. Disposal of this constitution. 9. For the purposes of the Arst

election,

ARTICLE XII.

The Militia. 1. Be organized, disciplined and

equipped.

Section
10. For the purposes of the first

election of the members of
the Senate and the House of

Representatives.
11. In regard to certain counties.
12. Apportionment of Senators and

Representatives at the first

election. 13. The returns of the Twenty-sec

ond district. 14. State shall be divided into the

following judicial districts. 15. Which may elect

one prosecuting attorney. 16. Time of a certain election.

Section
17. Those who may vote at the

same.
18. In voting for and against the

adoption of this Constitution. 19. At said election the polls shall

be open, etc. 20. The duty of judges and clerks

of election. 21. The returns of said election for

and against this Constitution. 22. What is to take place if the

Constitution is not accepted. Amendment to section 10, arti

cle 9 of this Constitution.

PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of Minnesota, grateful to God for our

civil and religious liberty, and desiring to perpetuate its blessings and secure the same to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution.

ARTICLE I.

Bill of Rights. Section 1. Government is instituted for the security, benefit and protection of the people, in whom all political power is inherent, together with the right to alter, modify or reform such governinent, whenever the public good may require it.

Sec. 2. No member of this State shall be disfranchised, or deprived of any of the rights or privileges secured to any citizen thereof, unless by the law of the land, or the judgment of his peers. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the State otherwise than in the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.

Sec. 3. The liberty of the press shall forever remain inviolate, and all persons may freely speak, write, and publish their sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of

such right.

Sec. 4. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate, and shall extend to all cases at law without regard to the amount in controversy, but a jury trial may be waived by the parties in all cases, in the manner prescribed by law; and the Legislature may provide that the agreement of five-sixths of any jury in any civil action or proceeding, after not less than six (6) hours deliberation, shall be a sufficient verdict therein.

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