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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA.
unless on the presentment or
indictment of a grand jury. 8. Justice to be free and without
purchase. 9. Treason against the State de
fined. 10. Unreasonable searches and seiz
ures prohibited. 11. No bill of attainder, ex post
facto law or any law impairing the obligation of con
tracts. 12. No person to be imprisoned for
debt in this State. 13. Private property taken for pub
lic use to have just compensa
tion. 14. The military shall be subordi
nate to the civil power.-No
standing army. 15. Feudal tenures.-Leases and
grants of agricultural lands not longer than twenty-one
years. 16. The enumeration of rights in
this Constitution shall not impair others retained by the
people. 17. No religious test for holding
office or for voting.
ARTICLE II. On Name and Boundaries. 1. The name and boundaries of the
State. 2. Jurisdiction of the State on the
Mississippi and other rivers. 3. In regard to forming a Consti
tution and State government.
ARTICLE III. Distribution of the Powers of Govern
ence. 9. Finance of the State and banks
and banking. 10. Corporations having no banking
privileges. 11. Counties and townships. 12. Of the militia. 13. Impeachment and removal from
office. 14. Amendments to the Constitu
tion. 15. Miscellaneous subjects.
SCHEDULE. Amendment to section 10, arti
cle 9 of the Constitution. Preamble.
Bill of Rights. Section 1. All political power is inherent
in the people.
nor involuntary servitude in
ishment of crime.
fines prohibited, nor shall
cruel punishments be inflicted. 6. In criminal prosecutions, rights
of the accused. 7. No person shall be held to
answer for a criminal offense
ment. 1. The powers of the government
shall be divided into legislative, executive and judicial.
Legislative Department. Section 1. Legislature shall consist of the
Senate and House of Repre
sentatives. 2. One Senator for every five
thousand inhabitants; one Representative for every two
thousand. 3. Each House shall be judge of
the election and eligibility of its
own members; the majority of each to constitute a
quorum. 4. Two-thirds may expel a mem
ber. 5. Each House to elect its
officers.-Each House to keep
a journal. 6. May not adjourn for more than
three days. 7. Compensation, etc., of members
of the Legislature. 8. To be privileged from arrest. 9. No Senator or Representative
shall hold other office, excep
tions. 10. All bills for raising money shall
originate in the House of Re
presentatives. 11. Every bi}l shall be signed by
the Governor, etc. 12. No money shall be appropriated
except by bill.
have sole power of impeach-
after passing both houses.
house upon the day of ad
journment. 23. Census to be taken every tenth
year. 24. Choosing of Senators. 25. Senators and Representatives
to be qualified electors. 26. Election of United States Sena.
tors. 27. No bill shall embrace more than
one subject. 28. Divorces shall not be granted
by the Legislature. 29. Members of both houses to take
the oath of affirmation. 30. In all elections by the Legisla
ture members shall vote viva
voce. 31. Lotteries prohibited. 32. In regard to railroads.-In re
gard to lands donated to the
State. 33. The Legislature is prohibited
from enacting special or private laws in the following
cases. 34. General laws to be uniform in
their operation. 35. Combinations to influence the
markets for food products declared a criminal conspiracy.
15. Bribery and perjury a bar to
office. 16. Two or more members of either
House may protest, etc. 17. The Governor may
fill vacancies which occur in either House.
Erecutive Department. 1. To consist of Governor, Lieu
tenant-Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer and
Attorney-General. 2. Election of the same. 3. Term of office of Governor and
Lieutenant-Governor. 4. Governor's message.-His pow
ers and duties.-He shall take care that the laws are faith
fully executed. 5. Terms of office of other State
officers. 6. Lieutenant-Governor president
of senate, his compensation, etc.
18. Disorderly or contemptuous
conduct may be punished. 19. Doors of each House shall be
open, except. 20. Every bill to be read on three
States not residents of this
State. 5. During election day voters
privileged from arrest. 6. Elections to be by ballot. 7. Electors shall be eligible to
office. 8. Women may vote for school
officers. 9. The official year of the State
shall commence the first Monday in January.
cle, before entering on his du-
support the Constitution.
first session of the Legisla-
shall be vested in Supreme
bate Courts, etc.
diction and terms. 3. Election of judges. 4. The State shall be divided into
judicial districts. 5. Jurisdiction of District Courts. 6. The judges of Supreme and Dis
trict Courts.-Their compen
sation. 7. Probate Courts.--Jurisdiction of. 8. Justices of the peace.-Jurisdic
tion of. 9. Other judges. 10. In case of vacancy, how filled. 11. Judges may not hold two offices. 12. Judicial districts
may be changed. 13. Clerk of District Court. 14. In legal pleadings the style of
process. 15. Court commissioner.
ARTICLE VIII. School Fund, Education and Science. 1. The Legislature shall establish
a uniform system of public
schools. 2. The proceeds of such lands
granted by the United States,
to be used for public schools. 3. Legislature shall make such
provision by taxation, etc. 4. The University of Minnesota. 5. The permanent school fund of
the State may be loaned upon
State shall be as nearly equal
as may be. 2. The Legislature shall provide
for an annual tax sufficient to defray the expenses of the
State. 3. Laws shall be made taxing
all moneys, etc. 4. Laws shall be passed for taxing
notes, bills, etc. 5. For defraying extraordinary ex
penditures the State may contract a public debt not to ex
in time of war.
any loan shall be applied to the objects specified.
Elective Franchise. 1. Qualifications for voters. 2. Treason or felony debars from
voting, unless. 3. For the purpose of voting no
person shall lose residence by reason of absence while in
service of the United States. 4. Soldiers, etc., of the United
Section 9. No money to be paid out of the
treasury except by appropria- |
tion. 10. The State shall never give or
loan its credit. 11. A detailed statement of money
drawn from the treasury to
be published. 12. Safe keeping of school funds,
etc. 13. The Legislature may pass
general banking law. 14. Hospitals for the insane, blind,
etc. 15. The Legislature shall not au
thorize any county, township or city to issue bonds.
ARTICLE XIII. Impeachment and Removal from Office. Section 1. What officers may be im
peached. 2. Removal of inferior officers. 3. Not to exercise duties of office
after impeachment. 4. Lieutenant-Governor not to act
as a member of the court in trying Governor for impeachment.
ARTICLE X. Corporations Having no Banking Privi
special acts. 3. Each stockholder in a corpora
tion shall be liable for the
amount of stock owned.
shall have a fair compensa-
Miscellaneous Subjects. 1. The seat of government of the
State to be the city of St.
Paul. 2. Those residing on Indian lands. 3. The uniform oath of affirma
tion. 4. Seal of State. 5. The Territorial prison to be one
of the State prisons.
Counties and Townships. 1. New counties may be organized. 2. When a city may be organized
into a separate county. 3. Municipal and other towns may
be organized. 4. Election of county and town
officers. 5. County and township powers of
local taxation. 6. How money
may be drawn from county or township
treasury. 7. The county of Manomen is
SCHEDULE. 1. To avoid inconvenience arising
from a change from Terri
torial to State government. 2. Territorial laws not repugnant
to this Constitution shall re
main in force. 3. All fines accruing to the Terri
tory shall accrue to the State. 4. Other changes from Territory
to State. 5. All Territorial officers, civil and
military, shall continue to
hold office, etc. 6. First session of the Legislature
of Minnesota. 7. Election laws shall continue in
force. 8. Disposal of this constitution. 9. For the purposes of the Arst
The Militia. 1. Be organized, disciplined and
election of the members of
Representatives at the first
election. 13. The returns of the Twenty-sec
ond district. 14. State shall be divided into the
following judicial districts. 15. Which may elect
one prosecuting attorney. 16. Time of a certain election.
adoption of this Constitution. 19. At said election the polls shall
be open, etc. 20. The duty of judges and clerks
of election. 21. The returns of said election for
and against this Constitution. 22. What is to take place if the
Constitution is not accepted. Amendment to section 10, arti
cle 9 of this Constitution.
PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of Minnesota, grateful to God for our
civil and religious liberty, and desiring to perpetuate its blessings and secure the same to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution.
Bill of Rights. Section 1. Government is instituted for the security, benefit and protection of the people, in whom all political power is inherent, together with the right to alter, modify or reform such governinent, whenever the public good may require it.
Sec. 2. No member of this State shall be disfranchised, or deprived of any of the rights or privileges secured to any citizen thereof, unless by the law of the land, or the judgment of his peers. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the State otherwise than in the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.
Sec. 3. The liberty of the press shall forever remain inviolate, and all persons may freely speak, write, and publish their sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of
Sec. 4. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate, and shall extend to all cases at law without regard to the amount in controversy, but a jury trial may be waived by the parties in all cases, in the manner prescribed by law; and the Legislature may provide that the agreement of five-sixths of any jury in any civil action or proceeding, after not less than six (6) hours deliberation, shall be a sufficient verdict therein.