Trace Fossils: Concepts, Problems, Prospects
William Miller, III
Elsevier, Oct 13, 2011 - Science - 632 pages
This book serves as an up-to-date introduction, as well as overview to modern trace fossil research and covers nearly all of the essential aspects of modern ichnology. Divided into three section, Trace Fossils covers the historical background and concepts of ichnology, on-going research problems, and indications about the possible future growth of the discipline and potential connections to other fields. This work is intended for a broad audience of geological and biological scientists. Workers new to the field could get a sense of the main concepts of ichnology and a clear idea of how trace fossil research is conducted. Scientists in related disciplines could find potential uses for trace fossils in their fields. And, established workers could use the book to check on the progress of their particular brand of ichnology. By design, there is something here for novice and veteran, insider and outsider, and for the biologically-oriented workers and for the sedimentary geologists.
* Presents a review of the state of ichnology at the beginning of the 21st Century
* Summarizes the basic concepts and methods of modern trace fossil research
* Discusses crucial background information about the history of trace fossil research, the main concepts of ichnology, examples of current problems and future directions, and the potential connections to other disciplines within both biology and geology
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abundant animals arthropod assemblages associated Basin behavior benthic bioclaustrations bioerosion biogenic structures biological biostratigraphy bioturbation bivalve body fossils bones borings Bottjer Bromley burrows Cambrian carbonate Carboniferous climate complex continental Cretaceous Cruziana deep-sea deposits Devonian diversity drill Droser Ecology ecosystems Ediacaran Ekdale endobenthic endolithic environmental environments extinction facies feeding firmground flysch Formation fossil record Frey gastropods Genise Geological Society Glossifungites Goldring Hasiotis Hitchcock ichnocoenoses ichnodiversity ichnofabric ichnofacies ichnofaunas ichnofossils ichnogenera ichnogenus ichnology Ichnos ichnospecies ichnotaxa interpretation invertebrate Journal Jurassic lacustrine lake layer Lower MacEachern marine Miller modern morphology muricids Nereites Ophiomorpha Ordovician organisms oxygen Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology Palaeogeography Palaeophycus Palaios Paleontology Paleozoic Pemberton Permian Phanerozoic Pickerill Planolites Pleistocene predation preserved prey produced Sandstone Savrda Scoyenia sediment sedimentary Sedimentology Seilacher sequence shallow shell shoreface Skolithos species specimens stratigraphic stromatolites studies substrate surface terrestrial Thalassinoides tiering tion trace fossils tracemakers tracks trackways Triassic turbidites Uchman Upper vertebrate zone Zoophycos
Page 19 - As might be expected, the markings above referred to, when in relief, occur on the under sides of the beds. A few instances may, however, be found where they exist on the upper surfaces. On careful consideration of these raised impressions, I have arrived at the conclusion that they have been left by denudation of the surrounding material, just as footprints on dry snow sometimes remain in relief after the surrounding loose snow has been drifted away by the wind ; the portion consolidated by pressure...