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chorus of the drama consists of the ghosts of the initiated, the Mvotat, and enters not before v. 319.

295. A description of the phantom, called Empusa.

305. Hegelochus was an actor in the Orestes of Euripides. From this story of him, it should seem, that in pronouncing words joined by a synalæpha, they did not use totally to drop the vowel in the end of the first, but liquefied it, as it were, into the following. Otherwise, I do not conceive what difference there could be between the sound of γαλην ορώ, and γαλήν ορώ.

323. The profanation of the mysteries by Diagoras. 369. Alluding to Cynesias, the dithyrambick writer.

370. Η τους μισθους των ποιητων, &c. seems to mean some attempt made by an orator (the Schol. on v. 103. of the Ecclesiasuzæ, say Archinus) to reduce the expense of the Choregi by limiting the sum they gave to their poets : and the two distinct persons (as Aristotle says in the Schol. 406.) under this Archon, were ordered to furnish the tragick and the comick chorus, which before were at the expense of one. This drama then was played a little before that order; and as the publick had suffered greatly by the war the chorusses were but poorly furnished out. From v. 412, it appears that the chorus consisted of both sexes.

431. The Callias, who was now Archon, could not be the son of Hipponicus, as he is here ridiculed by name; unless the change of his father's name into Hippobīnus might save the poet from the law. (See also v. 504.)

475. Alludes to the Theseus of Euripides.



478. Ταρτησια, παρ υπονοιαν for Ταρταρια. Μυραινα is to be understood, as some dæmon very dismal, derived from Mvperbai; at the same time to raise laughter; the obvious meaning being nothing, but lampreys caught and salted on the Spanish coast, and imported by the Phænicians perhaps into Greece.

490. These two uses of a sponge are easily comprehended from the Scholia.

504. The temple of Hercules AleEiKakos at Melite, a Anuos of Attica. Initiated there in the lesser mysteries—founded during the plague.

Statue by Ageladas the Argive, the scholar of Phidias. Callias had a house at Melite.

511. A manner of civilly refusing a thing : Etavw. καλλιστα, πανυ καλως.

546. See the history of Theramenes. Schol.

631. The horrid manner of torturing slaves, viz. Εν κλιμακι δησας, binding them down with their back on a pair of stairs, as it seems, or on a ladder; hanging them up by the arms; scourging them with the Úotpis, a whip made of leather with the bristles on it; stretching them on the wheel; pouring vinegar up the nostrils; pressing, by laying a weight of bricks on them, &c. &c. !!!

674. The iambicks of Ananias. The Laocoon of Sophocles. The Antæus of Phrynichus.

700. The poet's advice, given in this place, was actually followed the year after this, when, upon the battle of Ægos-Potami, and the siege of Athens, a decree was made upon the motion of Patroclides (still preserved in the oration of Andocides de Mysteriis), to restore the Atimo to all the privileges from which they had been degraded. It seems from what he says, v. 701, that when the government of the Four Hundred was destroyed, many had been thus degraded for having a hand in those transactions.

730. The Athenian gold coin had been debased the year before this. Copper was first coined this very year, and again cried down thirteen years afterwards.

775. This may probably enough be borrowed from the Athenian customs, namely, that the principal artist in each kind, should have a maintenance in the Prytanèum, and be seated ev Opovo, in a chair of distinction on some occasions.

800. The modesty and candour of Sophocles, and the envious and contentious nature of Euripides.

803. Nuvi d'eueldev, I take to be a solecism, used by Clidemides, or some bad orator or poet.

913. The Scholia here seem to say, that there were dramas played during the celebration of the Eleusinea ; and above, v. 357, they tell us, that the scene of this play lay at Eleusis. (v. 395.) Quære, Whether any rites in honour of Ceres were joined with those of Bacchus during the Lenæa?

961. The Median hangings were wrought with grotesque and monstrous animals.

1079. “Ως τε γε καυτoν σε κατσυνεβαλε. It should seem that love was the cause of the death of Euripides, and one would think, from the expression and from the Scholia, that his wife had not only been false to him, but that she destroyed him.

1106. Tw Palapaki. This seems to prove, that the


three orders of rowers were placed directly over one another.

1100 and 1145. Reading and the arts of speaking were more universal among all orders of people than in these times; which the poet satirizes, as corrupting and enervating the minds of men, and especially of the younger sort; and he attributes it to the philosophers, to the sophists, and to the tragick writers, particularly Euripides.

1209. Eroußn, a botch-word inserted only to fill up : literally, the stuffing of a mattrass. 1231. Ankvēlov. I have no clear idea of this

. Ankvolov, on which so much of this scene turns; nor of the Iηκοπον ου πελαθεις επ'


which answers to it, or the lattoOpat, which two last seem to relate to the musick and the rhythm introduced by Æschylus in his chorusses, and not to the sense of the verses.

1349. El-E1-Eldovete. This shews that in the ancient musick they dwelt not on words alone, and repeated them, as we do, but also on syllables ; or, does it only express the lengthening out of the vowels ?

1580. It is here said, from Aristotle, that Cleophon, after the battle of Arginusa, in the archonship of Callias, came into the assembly drunk and in armour, and rejected the peace, then offered by Lacedæmon. But Lysias (in his oration contra Agoratum) tells us that this happened not till the following year after the battle of Ægos-Potami, when the siege of Athens was actually formed. I cannot but believe the latter, as a contemporary author.



See Palmerius.

V. 2. Καλλιστ' εν ευσκoπoισιν εξευρημενον. SoI should read, rather than EntMevov, of which I do not see the sense, and understand with the Scholiasts, “ Thou noblest invention of wise artists." For though this expression be somewhat obscure, it is far preferable to Tanaquil Faber's emendation, ev EVOKOTOLO LV EÉNTNUevov, which is neither sense nor Greek.

14. Eroa, all repositories of corn were so called.

22. “Ας Σφυρομαχος ποτ' ειπεν, &c. The allusion in these lines is too obscure at this distance of time. The Scholiasts say that it relates to a decree assigning the courtezans and the women of reputation a different place at some public spectacles (qu. whether in the theatre, as Faber says ?); but the verses do not express any such matter.

63. It was the custom of the men to anoint the whole body with oil, and dry it in before the sun, and of the women to shave themselves all over.

v. 74. Aakwvikai, was the name for the usual chaussure of the men, and Ilepo ikat, that of the women,

102. Agyrrius, the Etpatnyos, at Lemnos, retrenched the expense of the Choregi to their poets, and appointed the sum to be given to the people at

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