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it, in some months every thing resumes its former face, and goes on in the old channel. That mountain lies a little distance from Portici towards the left, divided into 2. Summits, that farthest from the Sea is rather the largest, & highest, called Monte di Somma. This has hitherto

been very innocent; the lesser one, which is properly Vesuvius, is that so terrible for it's fires; it is better than 3 Miles to ascend, and those extremely laborious. "Twas extremely quiet at the time I saw it; some days one could not perceive it smoke at all, others one saw it riseing like a white Column from it, but in no great quantity. About a mile beyond Portici we saw the Stream of combustible Matter, which run from it in the last eruption; within of a mile, or less, from the Sea is a small church of Our Lady, belonging to a certain Zoccolanti, into this church it enter'd thro' one of the side-doors without otherwise damageing the fabrick, run cross it, and was stop'd, I suppose, by the opposite Wall. The Fryars have dugg away that part of it, and left it whole riseing in a great rough mass at the door where it enter'd, as if the miraculous power of Our Lady had forbid it to advance further this is well-contrived, and carries some appearance with it. That part of the Stream which comes along thro' the fields at a distance resembles plough'd Land, but rougher, and in huge Clods; they are hard and heavy, like the dross of some metals; the people pile the pieces up, and make an enclosure to their fields with them. This place is call'd Torre del Greco ; it is about 4 Years since the Eruption happen'd. I imagine the river of fire, or Lava, as they call it, may be 20 Yards, or more, in breadth. is not above a year since they discover'd under a part of the town of Portici a little way from the Shore an ancient and terrible example of what, this mountain is capable of;



as they were digging to lay the foundations of a house for the Prince d'Elbœuf, they found a statue or two with some other ancient remains which comeing to the King's knowledge he order'd them to work on at his expence, and continuing to do so they came to what one may call a whole city under ground; it is supposed, and with great probability to be the Greek settlement call'd Herculaneum, which in that furious Eruption, that happen'd under Titus (the same in which the elder Pliny perish'd) was utterly overwhelmed, and lost with several other on the same coast. Statius, who wrote as it were on the spot, and soon after the accident had happen'd, makes a very poetical explanation on the subject, which this discovery sets in its full light :

'Haec ego Chalcidicis ad te, Marcelle, sonabam,' etc.

The work is unhappily under the direction of Spaniards, people of no taste or erudition, so that the workmen dig, as chance directs them, wherever they find the ground easiest to work without any certain view."

From the biographical point of view the most interesting addition to our knowledge of Gray, presented by Mr. John Morris's collections, is a short paper of notes on a journey in Scotland, of which no previous biographer or editor of Gray has given any account. It has not hitherto been known how the poet occupied his leisure between his recovery from the severe surgical operation of July 1764, and what he called his "Lilliputian Travels" in the south of England in October of the same year. It now appears, from Mr. Morris's MS., that in August 1764 he went to Netherby, on the Scotch border, to visit the Rev. Mr. Graham, the horticulturist, and from his house set out in a tour in Scotland. His route took him by

Annan and Dumfries to the Falls of Clyde and Lanark. At Glasgow he called on Foulis, the publisher, from whom he afterwards received many courtesies. He admired

Foulis' academy of painting and sculpture, and lamented that the Cathedral of Glasgow was so miserably out of repair. He passed on to Loch Lomond, sailed on the loch, and returned to Glasgow by Dumbarton. At Stirling he enjoyed the view from the castle, and went on by Falkirk and the coast to Edinburgh. He took excursions to Hawthornden and Roslin, and then to Melrose. He was next at Kelso, Tweedmouth, and Norham Castle. He made an excursion at low tide to Holy Island, and the itinerary closes at Bamborough Castle, from which place he went, no doubt, to his customary haunt, Dr. Wharton's house at Old Park, in the county of Durham. This was Gray's first visit to Scotland.

Mr. John Morris also possesses the original MS. of Norton Nicholls's Recollections of Gray, and many other papers of a minor interest. For his kindness in placing the whole of this beautiful and valuable collection in my hands I owe him my most sincere thanks. There is now but a very small portion of Gray's writings remaining of which I have not been able to examine the original manuscript.-[ED.]


Abbies, Mitred, by Willis, reference to, | Aislaby, Mr., with Rev. Norton

ii. 377.

Aberdeen, Marischal College of, de-
sires to confer the degree of LL.D.;
this Gray declines, iii. 220.
Gray proud of his connection with
its University, iii. 221.

Achilles, The death of, by Bedingfield,
ii. 338.

Adam Bell, reference to the old ro-
mance of, i. 338.

Adami, Patricia, Italian actress, ii. 76.
Ad Amicos, a Latin elegy, by R. West,
ii. 8.

Adams, Dr., reference to, i. 138.
Addison, Joseph, his quotations from
the Classics, ii. 240.

his endeavour to suppress the rail-
lery on the clergy, i. 406.
Addison, Mr., sends a friendly admoni-
tion to C. Smart, ii. 161.
his friendship for Smart, ii. 179.
Lord Walpole, of Wolterton, and
Keene, Bishop of Chester, his
patrons, ii. 287.
Adversity, Hymn to, i. 23-26.

editorial note, i. 24.

Agis, a tragedy, by John Home, ii. 360.
Agrippina, a fragment of a tragedy, i.

first published in 1775, i. 100.
editorial note, i. 101.

the argument written by Mason, i.

Gray submits a speech in, to the
criticism of West, ii. 106.
previously dramatised by May, ii. 106.
Gray lays it aside, ii. 110.

sends it to Horace Walpole, ii. 167.
Horace Walpole requested not to
mention it, ii. 171.

Gray sends Walpole the first scene
in, ii. 227.

Ailesbury, Lady, declaration that Gray,
during a long afternoon in her
company, only spoke once, iii. 42.

Nicholls at Studley, iii. 240.
Akenside, Dr., his erroneous conjec-
tures in Architecture, ii. 255.
criticism of his Pleasures of Imagina-
tion, ii. 120-121.

Dr. Wharton asks Hurd to be lenient
with, ii. 299.

erroneously criticises an expression
of Gray's, ii. 331.

his contribution to Dodsley's Collec-
tion of Poems, ii. 364.
reference to, ii. 389.

Albemarle, Lord, one of Lord George
Sackville's judges, iii. 31.
Alcaic Fragment, i. 176.
reference to, ii. 96.

Ode, written in the album of the
Grande Chartreuse, ii. 182.
editorial note, ii. 182.

Alderson, Rev. Christopher, shows
Mason's library to Mitford, ii. 299.
curate to Mason, subsequently rector
of Aston, ii. 282.

invited to Old Park, iii. 348.
Alderson, Mrs., portrait of Dr. Delap
in her possession, ii. 309.
Aldovrandi, Cardinal Pompeo, note on,
ii. 93.

Algarotti, Count Francesco, friend of
Frederick the Great, of Voltaire,
and of Augustus III. of Poland,
iii. 147.

distinguished as one of the best
literary judges in Europe, iii. 148.
sends panegyrics to Gray and Mason,
iii. 151.

his Dissertation on Painting and
Music, with dedication to Pitt
(Earl of Chatham), iii. 151, 159.
Gray compliments him on his literary
effort, iii. 155.

Gray reads his works with increasing
satisfaction, iii. 159.

worthy to be the "Arbiter Eleganti-
arum" of mankind, iii. 160.

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