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scribed in the preceding subsections of this section. Each such Council shall report its findings and recommendations, as prescribed in subsection (d), not later than January 1 of the second year after the year in which it is appointed, after which date such Council shall cease to eixst, and such report and recommendations shall be included in the annual report of the Board of Trustees to be submitted to the Congress not later than the March 1 following such January 1."

(f) The advisory Council appointed under subsection (e) during 1963 shall, in addition to the other findings and recommendations it is required to make, include in its report its findings and recommendations with respect to extensions of the coverage of the old-age, survivors, and disability insurance program, the adequacy of benefits under the program, and all other aspects of the program.35

DEFINITION OF SECRETARY

Sec. 119. As used in this Act and in the provisions of the Social Security Act set forth in this Act, the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

EFFECT ON BENEFITS OF CONVICTION OF ESPIONAGE, SABOTAGE, TREASON, SEDITION, OR SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES; EMPLOYMENT BY COMMUNIST ORGANIZATIONS

Sec. 121. (b) The amendment made by subsection (a) of this section shall not be construed to restrict or otherwise affect any of the provisions of the Act entitled "An Act to prohibit payments of annuities to officers and employees of the United States convicted of certain offenses, and for other purposes", approved September 1, 1954 (Public Law 769, Eighty-third Congress).

EFFECTIVE DATES

Sec. 201. (m) (1) The amendments made by subsection (a) and paragraph (1) of subsection (h) shall apply with respect to remuneration paid after 1956. The amendment made by subsection (b) shall apply with respect to remuneration paid after October 1956. The amendments made by subsection (c) and paragraph (2) of subsection (h) shall apply with respect to service performed after 1956. The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (d) shall apply with respect to service with respect to which the amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) of section 104 of this Act apply. The amendments made by paragraph (1) of subsec

MP. L. 80-778, see. 704 (a), effective September 13, 1960, amended section 116 (e) to read as indicated. Prior to this amendment this section read as follows:

"(e) Not earlier than three years and not later than two years prior to January 1 of the first year for which each ensuing scheduled Increase (after 1960) In the tax rates is effective under the provisions of sections 3101 and 3111 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, the Secretary shall appoint an Advisory Council on Social Security Financing with the same functions, and constituted in the same manner, as prescribed in the preceding subsections of this section. Bach such Council shall report Its findings and recommendations, as prescribed in subsection (d), not later than Januay 1 of the year preceding the year in which such scheduled change in the tax rates occurs, after which date such Council shall cease to exist, and such report and recommendations shall be included in the annual report of the Board of Trustees to be submitted to the Congress not later than the March 1 following such January 1."

"P. L. 86-778, sec. 704 (b), enacted September 13, I960, added subsection (f) to sec. 116.

tion (e) shall apply with respect to service performed after 1954. The amendment made by paragraph (8) of such subsection shall apply with respect to taxable years ending after 1954. The amendments made by paragraph (2) of subsection (e) and by subsection (f) shall apply with respect to taxable years ending after 1955. The amendment made by subsection (i) shall apply with respect to taxable years ending on or after December 31,1956. The amendment made by subsection (1) shall apply with respect to certificates filed after 1956 under section 3121 (k) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.

(2) (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (H), the amendment made by subsection (g) shall apply only with respect to taxable years ending after 1956.

( B) Any individual who, for a taxable year ending after 1954 and prior to 1957, had income which by reason of the amendment made by subsection (g) would have been included within the meaning of "net earnings from sell-employment" (as such term is defined in section 1402 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 19f>4), if such income had been derived in a taxable year ending after 1956 by an individual who had filed a waiver certificate under section 1402 (e) of such Code, may elect to have the amendment made by subsection (g) apply to his taxable years ending after 1954 and prior to 1957. No election made by any individual under this subparagraph shall be valid unless such individual has filed a waiver certificate under section 1402 (e) of such Code prior to the making of such election or files a waiver certificate at the time he makes such election.

(C) Any individual described in subparagraph (I?) who has filed a waiver certificate under section 1402 (e) of such Code prior to the date of enactment of this Act, or who files a waiver certificate under such section on or before the due date of his return (including any extension thereof) for his last taxable year ending prior to 1957, must make such election on or before the due date of his return (including any extension thereof) for his last taxable year ending prior to 1957, or before April 16,1957, whichever is the later.

(D) Any individual described in subparagraph (B) who has not filed a waiver certificate under section 1402 (e) of such Code on or before the due date of his return (including any extension thereof) for his last taxable year ending prior to 1957 must make such election on or before the due date of his return (including any extension thereof) for his first taxable year ending after 1956. Any individual described in this subparagraph whose period for filing a waiver certificate under section 1402 (e) of such Code has expired at the time he makes such election may, notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of such section, file a waiver certificate at the time he makes such election.

(E) An election under subparagraph (B) shall be made in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate shall prescribe by regulations. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (3) of section 1402 (e) of such Code, the waiver certificate filed by an individual who makes an election under subparagraph (B) (regardless of when filed) shall be effective for such individual s first taxable year ending after 1954 in which he had income which by reason ofthe amendment made by subsection (g) would have been included within the meaning of "net earnings from self-employment" (as such term is denned in section 1402 (a) of such Code), if such income had been derived in a taxable year ending after 1956 by an individual who hsd filed a waiver certificate under section 1402 (e) of such Code, or for the taxable year prescribed by such paragraph (3) of section 1402 (e). if such taxable year is earlier, and for all succeeding taxable years.

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(F) No interest or penalty shall be assessed or collected for failure to file a return within the time prescribed by law, if such failure arise solely by reason of an election made by an individual tinder snbparagrapn (B), or for any underpayment of the tax imposed by section 1401 of such Code arising solely by reason of such election, for the period ending with the date such individual makes an election under subparagraph (B).

(3) Any tax under chapter 2 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 which is due, solely by reason of the enactment of subsection ( f), or paragraph (2) of subsection (e), of this section, for any taxable year ending on or before the date of the enactment of this Act shall be considered timely paid if payment is made hi full on or before the last day of the sixth calendar month following the month in which this Act is enacted. In no event shall interest be imposed on the amount of any tax due under such chapter solely by reason of the enactment of subsection (f), or paragraph (2) of subsection (e), of this section for any period before the day after tlie date of enactment of this Act

(4) Any tax due under chapter 21 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 which is due, solely by reason of the enactment of subsection (d) and an effective date prescribed pursuant to paragraph (2) (B) or (2) (C) of section 104 (i), for any calendar quarter beginning prior to the day on which the Secretary of Health. Education, and Welfare approves the plan which prescribes such effective date shall be considered timely paid if payment is made in full on or before the last day of the sixth calendar month following the month in which such plan is approved. In no event shall interest be imposed on the a*nou7i: of anv such tax due under such chapter for any period before the da; on which the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare approves such plan.

DECLARATION OF PURPOSE

Sec. 300. It is the purpose of this title (a) to promote the health of the Nation by assisting States to extend and broaden their provisions for meeting the costs of medical care for persons eligible for public assistance by providing for separate matching of assistance expenditures for medical care, (b) to promote the well-being of the Nation by encouraging the States to place greater emphasis on helping to strengthen family life and nelping needy families and individuals attain the maximum economic and personal independence of which they are capable, (c) to assist in improving the administration of public assistance programs (1) through making grants and contracts, and entering into jointly financed cooperative arrangements, for research or demonstration projects and (2) through Federal-State programs of grants to institutions and traineeships and fellowships so as to provide training of public welfare personnel, thereby securing more adequate!; trainedpersonnel, and (d) to improve aid to dependent children.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Sec. 305. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the amendments made by this part shall become effective July 1,1957.

(b) The amendments made by any section of this part shall not apply to any State (as denned in section 1101 of the Social Security Act for purposes of title I thereof) for any fiscal year for which there is in effect an election by it not to have the amendments made by such section apply to it. Any such election shall be in effect for a fiscal year only if notice of the election has been filed with the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare at some time prior to May 16 of the preceding fiscal year, except that any such election shall be in effect for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1957, if notice of the election is filed -with the Secretary prior to August 1, 1957. An election by a State under this subsection shall continue in effect until the close of any fiscal year designated in a notice of termination of such election which is filed with the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare prior to May 16 of such year. Elections hereunder shall be made, and notices thereof and notices of termination shall be filed, on such form or forms and in such manner as the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare may prescribe.

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EFFECTIVE DATE

Sec. 345. The amendments made by this part shall be effective for the period beginning October 1, 1956, and ending with the close of June 30, 1959, and after such amendment cease to be in effect any provision of law amended thereby shall be in full force and effect as though this part had not been enacted.

SOCIAL SECURITY ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1957

P. L. 85-227 (71 Stat. 512)

Sec. 2. Notwithstanding subsection (f) of section 218 of the Social Security Act, any modification of the agreement with the State of California, Connecticut, Minnesota, or Rhode Island under such section which makes such agreement applicable to services performed in positions covered by a separate retirement system created pursuant to the fourth sentence of subsection (d) (6) of such section (and consisting of the positions of members who desire coverage under the agreement) may, if such modification is agreed to prior to 1960, be made effective with respect to services performed in such positions after an effective date specified in such modification, except that in no case may such date be earlier than December 31,1955.

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P. L. 85-238 (71 Stat. 518)

Sec. 3. (i) (2) The amendments made by subsection (f) shall not apply in the case of benefits under section 202 (h) of the Social Security Act, based on the wages and self-employment income of a deceased individual who died in or prior to the month in which this Act is enacted, for any parent who filed the proof of support, required by such section 202 (h), in or prior to the month in which this Act is enacted; and the amendment to section 216 (h) (1) of such Act made by subsection (h) of this section shall not operate to deprive any such parent of benefits to which he would otherwise be entitled under section 202 (h) of such Act. •

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Sec. 5. Where—

(a) one or more persons were entitled (without the application of section 202 (j) (1) of the Social Security Act) to parents' insurance benefits under section 202 (h) of such Act for the month in which this Act is enacted on the basis of the wages and self-employment income of an individual;

(b) a person becomes entitled to a widow's, widower's or mother's insurance benefit under section 202 (e), (f), or (g) of the Social Security Act for any subsequent month on the oasis of such wages and self-employment income;

(c) the total of the benefits to which all persons are entitled under section 202 of the Social Security Act, on the basis of such wages and self-employment income for such subsequent month are reduced by reason of the application of section 203 (a) of such Act;

then the amount of the benefit to which each such person referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) is entitled for such subsequent month shall be increased, after the application of such section 203 (a), to the amount it would have been—

(d) if, in the case of a parent's insurance benefit, the person referred to in paragraph (b) was not entitled to the benefit referred to in such paragraph, or

(e) if, in the case of a benefit referred to in paragraph (b), no person was entitled to a parent's insurance benefit for such subsequent month on the basis of such wages and self-employment

income.

P. L. 85-239 (71 Stat. 521)

Sec. 1. (c) If a certificate filed pursuant to section 1402 (e) (3) (A) or (B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 after the due date of the return (including any extension thereof) for any taxable year is effective for such taxable year or for any preceding taxable year, then—

(1) for purposes of computing interest, the due date for the payment of the increase in tax for such taxable year or years resulting from the filing of such certificate shall be the last day of the sixth month following the month in which such certificate is filed;

(2) the statutory period for the assessment of any deficiency attributable to such increase in tax shall not expire before the expiration of 3 years from such due date; and

(3) for purposes of section 6651 of such Code (relating to addition to tax for failure to file tax return), the amount of tax required to be shown on the return shall not include such increase in tax.

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