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to January 1954, whose death occurred while he was in the active mill tary or naval service of the United States, and who is returned to any of such States, the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, or America SamoaB for interment or reinterment, the last sentence of section 20i (i) of the Social Security Act shall not prevent payment to any person under the second sentence thereof it application for a lump-sum death payment with respect to such deceasea individual is filed under such section by or on behalf of such person (whether or not legally competent) prior to the expiration of two years after the date of suci interment or reinterment.

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Sec. 6. (c) In the case of an individual who died or became (without the application of section 202 (j) (1) of the Social Security Act) entitled to old-age insurance benefits in 1952 and with respect to whom not less than six of the quarters elapsing after 1950 and prior to the quarter following the quarter in which ne died or became entitled to old-age insurance benefits, whichever first occurred, are quarters of coverage, his wage closing date shall be the first day of such quarter of death or entitlement instead of the day specified in section 215 (b) (3) of such Act, but only if it would result in a higher primary insurance amount for such individual. The terms used in this paragraph shall have the same meaning as when used in title II of the Social Security Act

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(e) In case the benefit of any individual for any month after August 1952 is computed under section 2 (c) (2) (A) of this Act through use of a benefit (after the application of sections 203 and 215 (g) of the Social Security Act as in effect prior to the enactment of this Act) for August 1952 which could have been derived from either of two (and not more than two) primary insurance amounts, and suet primary insurance amounts differ from each other by not more than $0.10, then the benefit of such individual for such month of August 1952 shall, for the purposes of the last sentence of such section 2 (c) (2} (A), be deemed to have been derived from the larger of such two primary insurance amounts.

SOCIAL SECURITY ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1954
P. L. 761, 83D CONG. (68 STAT. 1052)

CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF STATE NATIONAL GUARD UNITS AND CERTAIN

STATE INSPECTORS

Sec. 101. (i) (1) Effective as of January 1, 1951, paragraph (5) of section 218 (b) of the Social Security Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "Civilian employees of National Guard units of a State who are employed pursuant to section 90 of the National Defense Act of June 3,1916 (32 U. S. C., sec. 42), and paid from funds allotted to such units by the Department of Defense. shall for purposes of this section be deemed to be employees of the

•P. L. 88-778, sec. 103 (a) (2), struck ont "Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islandi"«J substituted "the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, or Amtrlf. Samoa", applicable only with respect to reinterment* after September 18, 1MO.

tate and (notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this pararaph), shall be deemed to be a separate coverage group."

(2) Effective January 1, 1955, such paragraph is further amended y adding after the sentence added by paragraph (1) of this subsecon the following new sentence: "For purposes of this section, indi.duals employed pursuant to an agreement, entered into pursuant to iction 205 of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U. S. C. 1624) • section 14 of the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act, 1930 1 U. S. C. 499n), between a State and the United States Department f Agriculture to perform services as inspectors of agricultural prodzis may be deemed at the option of the State, to be employees of the tate and (notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this pararaph) shall be deemed to be a separate coverage group."

(3) In the case of any coverage group to which the amendment lade by paragraph (1) is applicable, any agreement or modification f an agreement agreed to prior to January 1, 1956, may, notwithtanding section 218 (f) of the Social Security Act, be made effective rith respect to services performed by employees as members of such overage group after any effective date specified therein, but in no ase may such effective date be earlier than December 31,1950.

Arizona Teachers' Retirement System

(k) If, prior to January 1, 1956, the agreement with the State of Arizona entered into pursuant to section 218 of the Social Security V.ct is modified pursuant to subsection (d) (3) of such section so as o apply to service performed by employees in positions covered by the Arizona Teachers' Eetirement System the modification may, notwithstanding section 218 (f) of the Social Security Act, be made effective ivith respect to service performed in such positions after an effective late specified in the modification, but in no case may such effective late be earlier than December 31, 1950. For the purposes of any such modification, all employees in positions covered by the Arizona Teachers' Retirement System shall be deemed, notwithstanding the provisions of section 218 (d) (6) of such Act, to constitute a separate coverage group.

PRESUMED WORK DEDUCTIONS IN CASH OF CERTAIN RETROACTIVE STATB

AGREEMENTS

(1) (1) In the case of any services performed prior to 1955 to which an agreement under section 218 of the Social Security Act was made applicable, deductions which—

(A) were not imposed under section 203 of such Act with respect to such services performed prior to the date the agreement was agreed to or, if the original agreement was not applicable to such services, performed prior to the date the modification making such agreement applicable to such services was agreed to, and

(B) would have been imposed under such section 203 had such agreement, or modification, as the case may be, been agreed to on the date it became effective,

shall be deemed to have been imposed, but only for purposes of mtion 215 (f) (2) (A) or section 215 (f) (4) (A) of such Act asm effect prior to the enactment of this Act. An individual with respect to whose services the preceding sentence is applicable, or in the cast of his death, his survivors entitled to monthly benefits under section 202 of the Social Security Act on the basis of his wages and sellemployment income, shall be entitled to a recomputation of his primary insurance amount under such section 215 (f) (2) (A) or section 215 (f ) (4) (A), as the case may be, if the conditions specified therein are met and if, with respect to a recomputation under such section 215 (f ) (2) (A), such individual files the application referred to in such section after August 1954 and prior to January 1956 or, with respect to a recomputation under such section 215 (f) (4) (A), such individual died prior to January 1956 and any of such survivor? entitled to monthly benefits files an application, in addition to tie application filed for such monthly benefits, for a recomputation under such section 215 (f) (4) (A).

(2) For purposes of a recomputation made by reason of paragraph (1) of this subsection, the primary insurance amount of the individuii who performed the services referred to in such paragraph shall be computed under subsection (a) (_' of section 215 of the Social

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Security Act, as amended by this Act (but, for such purposes, without application of subsection (d) (4) of such section, as in effect prior to the enactment of this Act or as amended by this Act) and as though he became entitled to old-ace insurance benefits in whichever of the following months yields the highest primary insurance amount:

(A) the month following the last month for which deductions are deemed, pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection, to have been made; or

(B) the first month after the month determined under sabparagraph (A) (and prior to September 1954) in which his benefits under section 202 (a) of the Social Security Act were no longer subject to deductions under section 203 (b) of such Act; or

(C) the first month after the last month (and prior to September 1954) in which his benefits under section 202 (a) of the Social Security Act were subject to deductions under section 203 (b) of such Act; or

(D) the month in which such individual filed his application for recomputation referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection or, if he died without filing such application and prior to January 1, 1956, the month in which he died, and in any such case (but, if the individual is deceased, only if death occurred after August 1954) the amendments made by subsections (b) (1), (e) (1) and (e) (3) (B) of section 102 of this Act shall be applicable.

Such recomputation shall be effective for and after the month in which the application required by paragraph (1) of this subsection is filed. The provisions of this subsection shall not be applicable in the case of any individual if his primary insurance amount has been recomputed under section 215 (f) (2) of the Social Security Act on the basis of an application filed prior to September 1954.

(3) If any recomputation under section 215 (f ) of the Social Security Act is made by reason of deductions deemed pursuant to para graph (1) of this subsection to have been imposed with respect to nefits based on the wages and self-employment income of any indidual, the total of the benefits based on such wages and self-employant income for months for which such deductions are so deemed to i.ve been imposed shall be recovered by making, in addition to any her deductions under section 203 of such Act, deductions from any crease in benefits, based on such wages and self-employment income, suiting from such recomputation.

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EFFECTIVE DATES

(n) The amendment made by paragraph (3) of subsection (g) lall be applicable only with respect to taxable years beginning after )50. The amendments made by paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of ich subsection and by subsection (d) shall, except for purposes of sction 203 of the Social Security Act, be applicable only with respect ) taxable years ending after 1954. The amendments made by pararaphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a) shall be applicable only ith respect to remuneration paid after 1954. The amendments made y paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) of subsection (a) shall be applicable nly -with respect to services (whether performed after 1954 or prior o 1955) for which the remuneration is paid after 1954. The amendment made by paragraph (3) of subsection (c) shall become effective Tanuary 1, 1955. The other amendments made by this section (other han the amendments made by subsection (h), (i), (j), and (m) shall >e applicable only with respect to services performed after 1954. For Durposes of section 203 of the Social Security Act, the amendments nade by paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of subsection (g) and by subsection (d) shall be effective with respect to net earnings from self;mployment derived after 1954. The amount of net earnings from self-employment derived during any taxable year ending in, and not with the close of, 1955 shall be credited equally to the calendar quarter in which such taxable year ends and to each, of the three or fewer preceding quarters any part of which is in such taxable year; and, for purposes of the preceding sentence of this subsection, net earnings from self-employment so credited to calendar quarters in 1955 shall be deemed to have been derived after 1954.

INCREASE IN BENEFIT AMOUNTS

Seo. 102. (e) (5) (A) In the case of any individual who, upon filing application therefor before September 1954, would (but for the provisions of section 215 (f) (6) of the Social Security Act) have been entitled to a recomputation under subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 215 (f) (2) of such Act as in effect prior to the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall recompute such individual's primary insurance amount, but only if he files an application therefor or, in case he died before filing such application, an application for monthly benefits or a lump-sum death payment on the basis of his wages and self-employment income is filed. Such recomputation shall be made only as provided in subsection (a) (2) of section 215 of the Social Security Act, as amended by this Act, through the use of a primary insurance amount determined under subsection (d) (6) of such section in the same manner as for an individual to whom subsection (a) (1) of such section, as in effect prior to the enactment of this Act, is applicable; and sod recomputation shall take into account only such wages and self-employment income as would be taken into account under section 215 (t of the Social Security Act if the month in which the application for recomputation is filed, or if the individual died without filing the application for recomputation, the month in which he died, were deemed to be the month in which he became entitled to old-age insurance benefit. In the case of monthly benefits, such recomputation shall be effective for and after the month in which such application for recompntatioE is filed or, if the individual has died without filing the application, fa and after the month in which the person filing the application for monthly survivor benefits becomes entitled to such benefits.

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(B) In the case of—

(i) any individual who is entitled to a recomputation under subparagraph (A) of section 215 (f) (2) of the Social Security Act as in effect prior to the enactment of this Act on the bass of an application filed after August 1954, or who died after sad month leaving any survivors entitled to a recomputation under section 215 (f) (4) of the Social Security Act as in effect priorto the enactment of this Act on the basis of his wages and selfemployment income, and whose sixth quarter of coverage after 1950 was acquired after August 1954 or with respect to whom the twelfth month referred to in such subparagraph (A) occurred after such month, and

(U) any individual who is entitled to a recomputation under section 215 (f) (2) (B) of the Social Security Act as in effect prior to the enactment of this Act on the basis of an application filed after August 1954, or who died after August 1954 leanng any survivors entitled to a recomputation under section 215 (f) (4) of the Social Security Act as in effect prior to the enactment of this Act on the basis of his wages and self-employment income, and whose sixth quarter of coverage after 1950 was acquired after August 1954 or who did not attain the age of seventy-five prior to September 1954,

the recomputation of his primary insurance amount shall be made in the manner provided in section 215 of the Social Security Act, as amended by this Act, for computation of such amount, except that to closing date, for purposes of subsection (b) of such section 215, shall be determined as though he became entitled to old-age insurance benefits in the month in which he filed such application for or, if he has died, in the month in which he died. In the case of monthly benefits, such recomputation shall be effective for and after the month in which such application for recomputation is filed or, if the individual has died without filing the application, for and after the month in which the person filing the application for monthly survivors benefit5 becomes entitled to such benefits.

(C) An individual or, in case of his death, his survivors entitled to a lump-sum death payment or to monthly benefits under section 202 of the Social Security Act on the basis of his wages and self-employment income shall be entitled to a recomputation of his primary insurance amount under section 215 (f) (2) or section 215 (f) (4) of the Social Security Act as in effect prior to the date of enactment of this Act only if (i) he had not less than six quarters of coverage in the period after 1950 and prior to January 1, 1955, and (ii) either

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