## General system theory: foundations, development, applications |

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Page 39

particular, the^econd-principle of

ciosecrsvstem, a certain quantity, called entropy, must increase to a maximum,

and ...

**Thermodynamics**expressly declares that its laws apply only to closed systems. Inparticular, the^econd-principle of

**thermodynamics**states that7ln~a~ciosecrsvstem, a certain quantity, called entropy, must increase to a maximum,

and ...

Page 151

Unsolved Problems At present, we do not have a

would define the steady state in open systems in a similar way as maximum

entropy defines equilibrium in closed systems. It was believed for some time that

such ...

Unsolved Problems At present, we do not have a

**thermodynamic**criterion thatwould define the steady state in open systems in a similar way as maximum

entropy defines equilibrium in closed systems. It was believed for some time that

such ...

Page 152

As is well-known, information is defined by a term formally identical with negative

entropy, thus indicating a correspondence between the two different theoretical

systems of

...

As is well-known, information is defined by a term formally identical with negative

entropy, thus indicating a correspondence between the two different theoretical

systems of

**thermodynamics**and of information theory. Elaboration of a dictionary...

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### Contents

Introduction | 3 |

The Meaning of General System Theory | 30 |

Some System Concepts in Elementary Mathematical | 54 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

allometric animals appears applied approach aspects atoms basic Bertalanffy biological catabolism causality cell characteristics chemical classical classical physics closed systems complex components consideration considered constant contrast cultural cybernetics defined differential equations dynamic elements emphasized energy entities entropy equifinality equilibrium essentially evolution example existence experience expressed fact feedback fields formulation function game theory graph theory growth curves homeostasis homeostatic important increase individual information theory interaction isomorphic kinetics language laws living organism Lotka Ludwig von Bertalanffy machine mathematical means mechanisms mechanistic mental metabolic rate modern nature nervous system open systems organismic phenomena philosophy physics physiological possible present principle problems processes protein psychology psychophysical quantitative reaction reality regulations relations scheme schizophrenia scientific sense servomechanisms similar so-called social sciences society sociology specific steady structure symbolic system theory teleology theoretical theory of open thermodynamics tion vitalistic Volterra whole world picture