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PREFACE.

Catherine II.; and was intended for publication if the Russian government failed to do him justice. He felt that it totally failed; but death anticipated his long-contemplated purpose. To this Journal, Mr. Eton, in his Survey of the Turkish Empire, refers, as having been seen by him. It was, however, only the official report, transmitted by Paul Jones to the Admiralty of the Black Sea, that this gentleman could have seen. This singular narrative, which so confidently gives the lie to all the Russian statements of that momentous campaign, is written in French. In the following work the language of the original is as closely adhered to as is admissible even in the most literal translation. Several passages have been omitted, and others curtailed, as they refer merely to technical details, which might have unduly swelled this work, without adding much to its interest. Much of the voluminous official correspondence which passed between Paul Jones and the other commanders during the campaign is also omitted. These pieces justificatives were only intended to corroborate, or elucidate, the narrative; they are, save in a few instances which are cited, not particularly interesting.

Besides the above papers and documents, the editor has been furnished with the letters written by Paul Jones to his relations in Scotland, from the time that he was a ship-boy at Whitehaven till he died an Admiral in the Russian service, and the wearer of several Orders. From these materials an

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attempt has been made to exhibit, for the first time, the real character of this remarkable and distinguished individual, fairly, but liberally, keeping clear of hyperbole and exaggeration on the one hand, and of prejudice and misrepresentation on the other. Of each of these, the reputation, and true character of Paul Jones, have long been the alternate sport or victim.

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LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS.

PORTRAIT OF PAUL JONES. FRONTISPIECE.

TITLE PAGE. MEDALLION FROM THE CONGRESS MEDAL.

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THE RICHARD AND SERAPIS. BEGINNING OF THE ACTION.
THE RICHARD AND SERAPIS. CLOSE ACTION.......
ACTION BETWEEN THE RICHARD AND SERAPIS.
SINKING OF THE BON HOMME RICHARD

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PORTRAIT-COMMODORE DALE

PORTRAIT-ROBERT MORRIS

ESCAPE OF THE ALLIANCE...

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