The Metaphysics of Death
John Martin Fischer
Stanford University Press, 1993 - Philosophy - 423 pages
This collection of seventeen essays deals with the metaphysical, as opposed to the moral issues pertaining to death. For example, the authors investigate (among other things) the issue of what makes death a bad thing for an individual, if indeed death is a bad thing. This issue is more basic and abstract than such moral questions as the particular conditions under which euthanasia is justified, if it is ever justified.
Though there are important connections between the more abstract questions addressed in this book and many contemporary moral issues, such as euthanasia, suicide, and abortion, the primary focus of this book is on metaphysical issues concerning the nature of death: What is the nature of the harm or bad involved in death? (If it is not pain, wha is it, and how can it be bad?) Who is the subject of the harm or bad? (if the person is no longer alive, how can he be the subject of the bad? An if he is not the subject, who is? Can one have harm with no subject?) When does the harm take place? (Can a harm take place after its subject ceases to exist? If death harms a person, can the harm take place before the death occurs?) If death can be a bad thing, would immorality be a desirable alternative? This family of questions helps to fram ethe puzzle of why--and how--death is bad.
Other subjects addressed include the Epicurean view othat death is not a misfortune (for the person who dies); the nature of misfortune and benefit; the meaningulness and value of life; and the distinction between the life of a person and the life of a living creature who is not a person. There is an extensive bibiography that includes science-fiction treatments of death and immorality.
Rationality and the Fear of Death
The Evil of Death
Why Is Death Bad?
Death and the Value of Life
Epicurus and Annihilation
Some Puzzles About the Evil of Death
WellBeing and Time
A-relative A-series A's death actual affairs alive argue assumption asymmetric attitudes asymmetry axiology bad thing badness of death believe Bernard Williams better bias Bolivia categorical desire causal cause Charles Laughton claim concept concern condition consider course dead death is bad Derek Parfit died discussion dying earlier Epicurean view Epicurus Epicurus's evaluation evil of death example experience fact fear death fear of death feel fetus fulfilling future happen hedonism important indifferent interests intuitions irrational Joel Feinberg living loss Lucretius Luper-Foy mean Menoeceus metaphysical misfortune momentary well-being moral nearest world never object occur one's death pain Parfit past suffering perhaps person's death philosophers plausible pleasure possible world problem prudential question rational reason Reasons and Persons regard relevant Robert Nozick S-Theorist seems sense simply Socrates someone sort spatially Special Relativity suggested Suppose temporal Thomas Nagel thwarted tion true welfare level Woody Allen worse wrong