Pleasure in Ancient Greek Philosophy
The Key Themes in Ancient Philosophy series provides concise books, written by major scholars and accessible to non-specialists, on important themes in ancient philosophy that remain of philosophical interest today. In this volume Professor Wolfsdorf undertakes the first exploration of ancient Greek philosophical conceptions of pleasure in relation to contemporary conceptions. The book provides broad coverage of the ancient material, from pre-Platonic to Old Stoic treatments; and in the contemporary period, from World War II to the present. Examination of the nature of pleasure in ancient philosophy largely occurred within ethical contexts. In the contemporary period, the topic has, to a greater extent, been pursued within philosophy of mind and psychology. This divergence reflects the dominant philosophical preoccupations of the times. But Wolfsdorf argues that the various treatments are complementary. Indeed, the Greeks' examinations of pleasure were incisive, their debates vigorous and their results have enduring value for contemporary discussion.
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Pleasure in early Greek ethics
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Plato on pleasure and restoration
Plato on true untrue and false pleasures
Aristotle on pleasure and activation
Epicurus and the Cyrenaics on katastematic and kinetic pleasures
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absence of pain activation affections ancient anticipatory pleasure Antisthenes appetitive argument Aristippus Aristotle Aristotle’s assent being-pleased-that belief bodily pleasure body Chrysippus conception of pleasure condition contemporary contrast Cyrenaics deﬁnition Democritus derives desire difﬁculty Diogenes Diogenes Laertius discussion disposition distinction distinguish doxastic Empedocles energeia enjoyment entails Epicurean Epicurus Eudemian Ethics example experience explain fact false pleasure kind feeling ﬁlling ﬁrst Greek hedonic attitude Hippias Major identiﬁes identity question impulse insofar involve katastematic pleasure kathekon kinds of pleasure kinetic pleasure Magna Moralia mental mixed pleasure natural Nicomachean Ethics object occurs olfactory pleasures one’s ontological passage passions Penelhum perception Philebus philosophical Plato pleasant pleasure and pain pleasure’s precisely pro-attitude Prodicus propositional psychic psychological rational reason refer relation replenishment representationally Republic 9 Ryle Ryle’s sensation sense sense-perceptual faculties sense-perceptual pleasures sensory pleasure smooth Socrates somatic soul speciﬁcally Stoics suggests take pleasure Theophrastus theory thing Timaeus topic treatment of pleasure