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teaching of sex relations is seen in that true virtuous manhood. Without this, only a small per cent of grade pupils mere knowledge may be an injury. go on to the high schools. About nine- the aim of a broad idea of education. teen-twentieths do not go beyond the The mind is trained, the body with its eighth grade. If the public school is functions is developed and kept pure. to do its work at all, it must be by
In some such way as this it is posthat time. “It seems clear that it is
sible to secure a timely prophylaxis the duty of the state and of the city school authorities to provide lectures
and hygiene. It is worth the honest
effort of all teachers. The importance and laboratory instruction for those teachers who have come to recognize
of this matter, aside from the considtheir need. Nature study, so far as
eration of the good of the child himit is genuinely scientific and not self, is in the larger question of the aesthetic, is simply a method of teach- welfare of society. As a social factor ing physics, chemistry, botany, zoolo
the child is an asset. If his health gy and biology, and it would seem that is undermined, if his powers as a proby means of courses in these sciences ducer in society are impaired, there is is the proper preparation for giving in
a consequent social loss. At least struction in these fields."
twenty per cent of those suffering from Passing now to the high school it venereal diseases are under nineteen will be seen, if such instruction has years of age. What is the future prosbeen given in the grades as has been
pect for the highest service in any calloutlined, the pupil already possesses ing or occupation for a young man elementary instruction in sex hygiene whose vitality is becoming 'sapped and that prepares him for higher and more
moral nature debased? Society has a accurate knowledge just as he has been right to protect itself against tubercuprepared by any grade work for higher losis and smallpox and fever. It has school subjects. All authorities agree
a right to protect itself against the that instruction in sex relations should dangers of venereal diseases which not be anticipated and there is general contribute so large a proportion of the agreement that in high schools the
direct or indirect evils of men and method of instruction should take the
women. We regard as most timely the form of lectures to young men and
allied agencies that are taking active young women separately by expert steps along this line; the lectures by physicians. In plain language the
experts under the auspices of the functions of the body may be described Woman's Federation of Clubs throughand the dangers of abuse explained.
out the country; the organization of This is successfully done in many
societies of sex hygiene by social high schools, colleges and universities, workers; the active interest of phyin the latter one or two lectures being sicians; investigations of social condigiven to all the students sometime dur
tions in large cities; all of which presing the year. The testimony of the
age better things for the young in the physicians who give these lectures is
future through public sentiment and that they are attended with the great
sane knowledge. est propriety and attention and with apparent good results.
AGRICULTURAL NOTE. The deep underlying purpose at this He told his twelve year old son to milk the stage of instruction is not alone to
cow, feed the horses, slop the pigs, hunt up give knowledge but to awaken the
the eggs, feed the calves, catch the colt moral sense to act conformably as the
and put him in the barn, split the young have come to know themselves. kindling, stir the cream, pump fresh water The rational inference is for the young in the creamery after supper, and be sure man 'to respect himself, to exercise to study his lesson before he went to bed. self-control, to bring the moral nature Then he went to the farmer's club to discuss into ascendency, to, in short, create the question "How to keep the boys on the
This development of personality is farm?"
those charity organizations engaged in children's work is the Home for Disabled Children at Maywood, Illinois. Possibly the chief reason for this prominence may be attributed to the fact that this institution not only specializes in helping dependent children but devotes its efforts exclusively to those dependent children who are deformed or crippled.
The cause of the disabled dependent child presents an unique field of endeavor. Such children are doubly unfortunate-being both homeless and physically handi. capped—and well deserve much more The officers of the Home for Disabled sympathy than has been afforded them Children realize full well that while a in the past. Only in late years has crippled child can be given the necessiserious thought been given to this par- ties of life, when he has attained manticular phase of the child problem and hood and is turned out into the world although there are at the present time to shift for himself but one thing can other institutions specializing in simi- happen. Being disabled, he can not do lar work, very few of them do little but
ordinary work; having but a mediocre make temporary provision for these
education at the best, he is incompechildren. Food and shelter can be
tent and unable to enter those vocagiven them by any children's institution. The Home for Disabled Chil
tional fields where special training is dren, however, does not rest with the absolutely essential to the performance performance of these duties but fur
of the duties thereof. For him, but one ther extends its endeavors.
thing remains—he becomes a profes
sional mendicant or an expense on the For obvious reasons, the disabled dependent child usually has been deprived community in which he lives. Then, of educational opportunities. Ignor- until his death—an additional expense ance may mean bliss for some people
to the community-he is nothing more but the crippled child not only deserves
than a human parasite. the ordinary education afforded the Real assistance to the disabled deaverage normal child but, on account pendent child can be administered in of his physical disabilities, he requires but one manner: help the child to help a learning more liberal. Inasmuch as himself. The Home for Disabled Chilhe is dependent in childhood, it is to dren plans and works along these very be expected that he will, upon being lines. The keynote in the working discharged from an institution on ac- plans of this institution is the single count of his mature age, yet be de- word FUTURE. The child's past is pendent upon others for his livelihood. forgotten and his present condition
their patient instructors and never speak to the children of their physical disabilities. No one ever says, “Mary, you will never be able to run or dance like other children, because you are clubfooted.” On the other hand, someone might say, “You have an excellent ear for music, Mary, and some day you will be a good teacher of the piano.”
Why shouldn't they consider the brighter side of life? There is nothing about a little "hunch-back” that would prevent him from becoming a great artist if he possesses
the other necessary qualificagiven every attention but his future is tions. Although we never have had considered of most importance. Every
one, that in itself is no reason why the child who "graduates” from the Home youngster with but one leg can not for Disabled Children will be able to
become president of the United States. go out in the world and be a self-sup
It really is astonishing to learn what porting useful citizen. Each will have
some people who are physically dis
abled can do. One of the world's a trade or profession which will en
greatest marksmen is minus both able him or her to secure work-work that can be satisfactorily performed
arms; one of the most popular lyricists
is hopelessly paralyzed and has not left withal the physical handicap from
his bed for years; one of the most which he or she may suffer. All of
noted grand opera prima donnas was which depends, of course, as to the carried to school in an extension mentality of the child. So far as the frame, in which she laid for nearly feebleminded child is concerned, if he be physically disabled as well, his
Napoleon Bonaparte as a child was mental condition necessitates his clas- an "abnormal" and physical weakling. *sification as feebleminded and his phy- Thousands of the best things given to sical disability is of secondary import- man today are the work of crippled ance. The Home for Disabled Children accepts but one class of children; those for whom the best of medical attention has
accomplished nothing. When a disabled dependent child has been discharged from any hospital as incurably disabled, he or she then is eligible to admittance to the Home.
Withal their physical abnormalities, the inmates of the Home are a right merry little band of optimists. They well realize that they differ from other children and do all they can to make it easier for
and deformed men and women,
Near the ancient city of
surmounted this difficulty and became the most eminent orator of antiquity—and if we are to believe our books on ancient history, there were many great orators in those days. You may have heard of this stuttering boy -his name was Demosthenes.
It has been demonstrated beyond doubt that the disabled child
can be instructed and trained along special lines and thus be- We all realize that many a good come self-supporting. At the Home plumber has been lost because his for Disabled Children each inmate re- parents wished him to be a preacher. ceives individual instruction-has the So it is at the home. The officers plan mold made, as it were, that is to suc- and work upon this very theory; that cessfully shape his future.
every child has a latent, undeveloped The officers of the institution are liking for some particular line of work, firm believers in individuality. Unlike and every inmate of the home receives the inmates of other children's insti- proper encouragement and assisted to tutions, these children show by both locate and develop this particular their manners and general appearance
“forte.” that they are cared for as individuals, and therefore possess none of the char- The duty of people of wealth is not acteristic ill-effects which are the in- fully done when their families are amply evitable result of herding children to- supplied with money. They owe also gether in classes.
to their children the blessing of personal No attempt is made to "standardize” companionship and the power of parental them, nor to harness their spirits. example. Every opportunity is afforded the children to carry out their personal desires Heredity is said to hark back ten genand te gratify their whims of fancy- eration for personal characteristics. providing, of course, that the latter are If so, which one of the one thousand not considered detrimental to the wel- grandparents of these generations made fare of the children. For example, if McNamara a dynamiter and Edison an a boy shows that he is of a mechanical inventor? turn of mind, he is given tools and helped to develop himself along me- Speaking of the placing of dependent chanical lines. Should some other children in family homes instead of inyoungster express a desire to draw stitutions, a recent writer said: “It is "picters," he is encouraged and re- the evangel of progress in the work of ceives competent instruction in the use child-helping. Its mission is to care for of pencil, pen and brush.
the child in the very best possible way."
Medical authorities are responsible in his personal desire for a full pocfor the statement that never yet have
ketbook. two feeble-minded persons born a nor
The Sterilization Law of New Jersey mal, sane, efficient child. If such is the provides for the sterilization of those
defectives confined in the reformatorcase-and we have every reason to believe that it is—does it not seem that
ies, charitable and penal instittuions of
that state. It reads as follows: the welfare of humanity demands a for
The New Jersey Sterilization Law. ward step in the prevention of such
Be it enacted by the Senate and General "inadvisable" procreation?
Assembly of the State of New Jersey: We have a choice of two ways by
1. Immediately after the passage of this
act the Governor shall appoint, by and with which we can prevent the mentally un
the advice of the Senate, a surgeon and a fit from the continued reproduction of neurologist, each of recognized ability, one for their kind. First, those persons whom a term of (3) years, and one for a term of a competent board has adjudged to be
(5) years, their successors each to be ap
pointed for the full term of five years, who, criminally or incurably insane may be
in conjunction with the Commissioner of Charsegregated. The second applicative ities and Corrections, shall be known as and remedy lies in the performance of a is hereby created the “Board of Examiners surgical operation of minor character,
of Feeble-minded (including idiots, imbeciles
and morons), Epileptics, Criminals and Other resulting in sterilization.
Defectives," whose duty it shall be to examIt is needless to add that should this ine into the mental and physical condition of latter method be put into common
the feeble-minded, epileptic, certain criminal
and other defective inmates confined in the practice, great care should be exercised
several reformatories, charitable and penal inlest any imprudent efforts on our part stitutions in the counties and State. Any varesult in irreparable consequences. In cancy occurring in said Board of Examiners our anxiety to protect society and pro
shall be filled by appointment of the Gover
nor for the unexpired term. mote the general welfare of humanity
2. The criminals who shall come within we frequently have lost sight of the
the operation of this law shall be those who rights of others. It is exceedingly have been convicted of the crime of rape, or doubtful if surgical skill ever can re
of such, succession of offenses against the
criminal law as in the opinion of this board store to normal functional activity
of examiners shall be deemed to be sufficient those generative or productive organs evidence of confirmed criminal tendencies. on which an operation has been per- 3. Upon application of the superintendent formed for the purpose of sterilization.
or other administrative officer of any institu
tion in which such inmates are or may be conTherefore, it behooves our surgical and
fined, or upon its own motion, the said Board neurological boards to refrain from un
of Examiners may call a meeting to take evinecessary wholesale sterilization in dence and examine into the mental and phystheir overzealous desire to make for a ical condition of such inmates confined as better human stock. The matter of pay
aforesaid, and if said Board of Examiners, in
conjunction with the chief physician of the ing the surgeons on a "piece-work” institution, unanimously finds that procreation basis is one that is worthy of consid- is inadvisable and that there is no probabileration. The surgeon whose conscience
ity that the condition of such inmate so exis a trifle elastic in the cognizance of
amined will improve to such an extent as to
render procreation by such inmate advisable, the ethical provisions of his profession it shall be lawful to perform such operation could accomplish much harm by the for the prevention of procreation as shall be unnecessary operations it would be in decided by said Board of Examiners to be
most effective, and thereupon it shall and may his power to perform were he to waive
be lawful for any surgeon qualified under the aside the cases of a doubtful character laws of this state, under the direction of the