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chief physician of said institution. to perform
No surgeon performing an operation under
4. The record taken upon the examination of every such inmate, signed by said Board of Examiners, shall be preserved in the institution where such inmate is confined, and a copy thereof filed with the Commissioner of
Charities and Corrections, and one year after the performing of the operation the superintendent or other administrative officer of the institution wherein such inmate is confined shall report to the Board of Examiners the condition of the inmate and the effect of such operation upon such inmate. A copy of the report shall be filed with the record of the examination.
5. There shall be paid, out of the funds appropriated for maintenance of such institution, to each physician of said Board of Examiners, a compensation of not more than ten (10) dollars per diem for each day actually given to such work of examination, and his actual and necessary expenses in going to, holding and returning from such examination.
When, in the judgment of the Board of Examiners, it is necessary to secure the assistance of a surgeon outside the medical staff of the institution to perform or assist in said operation, the necessary expenses of such surgeon shall be paid from the maintenance account of such institution.
6. If any provisions of this act shall be questioned in any court, and the provisions of this act with reference to any class of persons enumerated therein shall be held to be unconstitutional and void, such determination shall not be deemed to invalidate the entire act, but only, such provisions thereof with reference to the class in questions as are specifically under review and particularly passed upon by the decision of the Court.
7. This act shall take effect immediately. Approved April 21, 1911.
The Big Brother Movement
By BERT HALL.
One of the most important steps for- offenders against the law were thrown ward in philanthropic endeavor in the into jail and punished for their offenses past ten years has resulted in the Big just as severely as adult criminals were Brother movement. It is important be punished. To the shame of the Americause Big Brother energy is always ex can people, that is still the practice in pended in constructive work-in build some localities, but thank God they are ing up the little brothers.
rapidly growing fewer and Children's The principles of the organization Courts are rapidly increasing. are simplicity itself: "One wholesome The most ardent friend of the Juadult friend for each boy who needs venile Court and the humane methods such a friend." All the Big Brother is of caring for the unfortunate boys a::d asked to give the little brother is love, girls of our urban communities has ever friendship and a chance for a square contended that a Juvenile Court can deal.
supply all that is necessary in directing Like several other child welfare the lives of children along the right movements, the Big Brothers sprang paths. from the Juvenile Court idea. It seems It was Ernest K. Coulter, a clerk in unbelievable that fifteen years ago child the Children's Court of New York City,
Shall Sense or Sentiment Prevail in the Treat
ment of Our Juvenile Offenders?
By PAUL WIEBE,
There are quite a few institutions in While I firmly believe that the public the United States given over to the refor- is entitled to know all about its correcmation of juvenile delinquents. The tive and penal institutions, yet it is neither State of New York alone has more than fair or just to the institutions nor to the five of such Reform Schools. These in- public that a paper should present to its stitutions are known generally as "State readers glowing articles telling of supSchool for Boys," "Industrial School for posed cruelties towards inmates, or the Boys,” “State Training School,” or inefficiency of this or that Superinten"Houses of Refuge." It is the intention dent. Only too often these articles are and purpose of these schools to reform absolutely unreliable and the assertions and to train youthful offenders who have have not been substantiated. Sometimes violated the laws, or have been found in one article will follow the other and each corrigible. Nowadays, however, until one tells of more severe and shocking various other methods have first been brutal punishments meted out in the intried, such as a warning and reprimand stitution which happens to be under disfrom the court or a term of probation cussion, until the people are really led to and after these milder and more persua
believe that a lot of brutes are having sive measures have proved useless, the charge of the inmates of our Reform boy is then finally sent to a Juvenile Re- schools whose only amusement is to cause form School, where he may be under su- suffering to the boys under their charge. pervision while at the same time he is af Having been connected as an officer forded the opportunity to learn a trade, with three different types of American to improve his physical make-up, and Juvenile Reform Schools, I am in a powhere he may learn obedience and respect sition to speak from experience. I am for law and order. While heretofore he also impartial and unbiased in this matcould perhaps run about as he pleased ter for I will admit that it happens somenow he must learn to obey rules and reg times that the Superintendents of one of ulations. Of course the boy who has these institutions are deceived when emcome to a school of this kind on account ploying a subordinate officer, and some of unhappy circumstances without being of these men, later on, prove by their depraved or vicious, will not find it hard actions that they should never have been to get along in such an institution, for he entrusted with the care of boys. For will try to obey the rules and show a various reasons are some men out of genial disposition. Punishments in such place in such institutions and can never institutions do not descend, like the rain, hope to attain a success in working with upon the just and the unjust, but only boys and gaining their confidence and upon those who are disobedient and vi- friendship. Some officers are found to cious. Every institution of this kind is be addicted to the use of liquors to such striving to be the best and the most hu- an extent that the boys under their charge mane in its treatment of the boys. The cannot fail but notice it and comment majority of people, however, do not re- upon it. Such men are a good deal worse alize what a thankless and trying position than useless in a Boys' School, for those it is to be Superintendent of one of these officers cause disrespect among the inJuvenile Reform Schools. Of late the mates not only towards the guilty men newspapers in various states of the Union bụt also towards those men who are contain articles condemning this or that blameless, and thereby the standard of institution or its management.
the institution's efficiency is very con