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out that a child's life does not consist in not only the pleasure of these stolen bread alone and that the poor neighbor hours to be stored away for future joy, who takes an unfortunate child into but also the salutary family discipline her heart, who lets it run with her own which followed and the long, long children, half clothed and half starved thoughts of youth as it sought to adjust it may be, but warmed and fed with itself to the strange conditions of life. mother love and care, is far wiser as well Every child is a Saint George meetas far kinder than we.
ing the dragon-which must be subdued But though even a poor home is bet- or it will destroy him. Alas for him ter than the best kind of an institution even though he has the sword of sound for children it is not possible for us instruction in his hand if he has a parawith our present imperfect organization' ized arm back of it. Since the one all to place all dependent children in fami- important business of the world is the lies. Thousands are now in institutions making of men and women and the spe
and thousands more will have to spend cial business of the children's institutions
. for years at the tap of a bell must lose Many a mother and teacher has wished something in initiative. He has not that half the energy and hard work known what it meant to take forty winks which she thought wasted on a snow fort too many in the morning or to put off or a ball game might be put into tasks learning his lessons on account of a game which she planned instead for the boy. of baseball. He has not forgotten to When we remember the intensity and the fill the wood box because all the boys variety of children's games and plays we were out skating. And he has missed
And he has missed can answer nearly all who are ready to
education to the three R's and put the children in vile air to pray and make pot-hooks. Can we accept that idea of education ? Hardly-so long as the scholastics quarreled as to how many angels could stand on the point of a needle it might do, but at the present it is not disembodied citizens that are doing the work of the world and we have to build bodies. This means air, seven hundred quarts per hour per child, and that air with a humidity above fifty,—not thirty-eight as it comes from an over-heated furnace,--and not over-heated or under-heated.
2. Cleanliness. That we should not impose on the child any dust-born disease or dust-developed irritation. Soap and labor are expensive; school boards must be educated to the fact that they are necessities. One witty educator writes that so long as Boston spends one thousand dollars a year for feather dusters her citizens cannot be considered reformers. It must be hot water, soap, and elbow-grease that build the proper environment for the American of the future.
3. Drinking-cups must be individual or of a type that will .not transmit any form of disease.
4. Playgrounds. As the natural physical and mental development of the child depends so largely on play, there must be adequate outdoor playgrounds. The child playing jack-stones on the dusty basement floor is neither storing up physical stamina nor learning the team work that will make for effectiveness. The children must be out having supervised play that not only recreates from the bad air and fatigue of the school-room, but creates rounded men and women.
5. Light must be supervised. Forty children facing huge windows will not fulfil the negative responsibility of the state; that kind of arrangement will injure eyes, and if we allow it we are responsible.
Not only must these purely material matters be attended to, but some standards of treatment must be imposed on the teacher. I know a school where the children are made to run up two long flights to music, and four per cent of the children in that school, so far as I have examined, have organic heart trouble. The hours for mental work must be cut down till some reasonable amount of concentration can be secured, and till, during the developing years, some nutrition can be obtained for the rapidly-growing reproductive system.