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The Boy's Industrial School.
HOW GERMANY HELPS BOYS. “About one thousand boys in Ohio
The forest land is interesting. The who have failed to get safe bearings for original timber was taken off many schol, he does not always know what
When an American boy leaves life's journey have been gathered to- years ago, and portions of the new sort of work he wants or is fit for.
Or gether in small colonies on a big farm growth are valuable. Here is a fine even when he knows exactly what at Lancaster, and the state is undertak- chance for training some Ohio boys in kind of job he desires, he often does ing the work that parents left undore. forestry. These Industrial School boys not know at all how to find it. The institution was established half a
are energetic--some of them seemeed In Germany they order these things century ago, being modeled after two to be too much so-and many are better. In that admirable study of European institutions that were mak- very bright. Experience has shown recent German labor legislation, “The ing a success in controlling, wayward that a majority of them need only to German Workman,” the work of the boys. The division into colonies per- have their energies rightly directed for Munich labor bureau for boys leaving mits effective grading, which is a prime a time, and then they make good citi- schools is recorded. consideration in the handling of
Every year printed schedules of our moral delinquents, and it brings
A Fair Chance. each boy into close personal contact
comprehensive questions are sent to
every head teacher of the Munich with the one in control, who at this in- More than seventy-five percent of the schools to be distributed among the stution is called the "elder brother.” boys paroled or discharged from this pupils who are going to leave school There is a seperate building for each institution make useful citizens. The that year. colony, except in two instances in boys who do not go to the reformatory The pupils are asked to put themwhich the buildings were made double. probably make a record very little bet- selves in communication with the The one in charge of the colony stands ter. Superintendent Adams does not municipal labor bureau, which will in the place of a parent, studying each treat his boys as criminals needing advise them as to the choice of a boys' disposition and natural inclina- punishment, but rather as boys for vocation, and give them the best tions. Each morning the boy's of the whom the state must provide good chance possible to secure work. colony are taken to the detail room, parental control. There are no prison Yearly circulars are also sent to all where those in charge of all the activi- walls around the farm. The boys are the trade guilds and other labor soties of the institution receive the ones interested in their duties, are given cieties, to enlist their co-operation. assigned to their departments. Boy's good fare and good treatment, and are The children respond readily to the between the ages of nine and sixteen are made to see that attempts to leave are aid given them. Boys come by dozens received at this reformatory, and nat- usually futile and limit their privileges to the office of the bureau, in search urally their instruction in the classroom when they are brought back. A major- of positions as apprentice or beginner. is a leading feature of the day's pro- ity of the boys realize that they are
Each brings a form of application, gram.
better off where they are than they filled up by himself, but signed by The Industries.
would be at home, and they know that his teacher. But a boy can not keep busy with they have a friend in Col. Adams. His When the bureau finds a place for books all the time, nor half of the time, subordinates who come into direct him, he is notified by post-card, and and it is Superintendent Adams' belief control of the boys are chosen by him, presents himself for examination by that the boy should be kept entployed and his spirit prevades the institution. the employer. every hour that he is awake. The Board of Trustees gives him hear
Whether the boy takes the job or The labor should be along the line ty support and no politics dictates the not, he must report to the bureau the of natural aptitude, so far as possible, selection of employes. The interests result of the interview; and this goes both to gain the boy's interest and to of that large company of boys are too
on until work is procured which fit him for bread-winning when he goes important to permit such a thing. Our suits him and which he is able to do. from the reformatory. There is oppor- state makes no more profitable invest
For the direction of the boys, the tunity to work in various trades, the ment anywhere than it does in the Boy's labor bureau has prepared, with the institution's own needs requiring a Industrial School, where delinquent aid of expert employers and medical
men, a handbook of the industries great variety of work. The farm, the boys are given a fair chance to make a gardens, the orchards and the live stock winning when they re-enter the outside open to a boy: This handbook de
scribes the different kinds of work, afford work and instruction to a large world.
the qualifications, necessary to each, body of boys. It is an industrial com
the prospects of promotion or steady munity under skilled management, and
Australia is a continent without an employment, the health conditions, the results are fine.
orphanage. Each waif is taken to a the dangers and difficulties, the cost The Farming.
receiving house, where it is cared for and time of training, and everything Superintendent Adams has not only till a country home is found. The lo- else which the boy and his parents the splendid qualities required in the cal volunteer societies canvass
canvass their ought to know before choosing his management of boys, but he is a prac- neighborhoods and send to the chil- career. tical business man, and is much inter- dren's committee the names of any A ladies' committee has lately been ested in the proper management of the families they have found where chil- appointed to look after the girls, also, twelve hundred acres of land that is in dren may be placed. The children's from the schools. So the young his charge. Some land devoted to gar- committee selects the home which it people of Munich have a first rate dening has been made highly product- judges is best adapted to the develop- chance for a good start in life. ive. Alfalfa is growing nicely in one ment of the child in question. No child The idea is one which in spite of field. The new dairy barn accommo- is placed in a family so poor that the practical difficulties might surely be dates one hundred cows. In time Col. child might suffer. The foster parent considered and adopted for use by Adams will make this elevated sandy receives a sum averaging $1.25 per American educators and social workland produce large amounts of alfalfa week for the care of the child and for ers, as well as German
-Youth's Companion. for his cows and other live stock.
THE BOYS OF PORTO RICO. STATUS OF CHILD LABOR THE it is illegal tu employ in a factory girls It will be impossible to make you
under 16 and boys under 15. understand and realize the true condi
"In Louisiana and Quebec the age tion of both boys and girls of the
The decision of the Supreme Court limit is, girls 14; boy 12. In Pennpoorer class as they exist in Porto Rico to-day. allowing the constitutionality of the
sylvania, France, Germany and South We often see little boys, six and New Jersey Child Labor Law contain Australia, the age is 13. In the followseven years old, walking the streets the following rather interesting sum- ing it is illegal to employ children in smoking cigarettes. They pick up stubs from the gutters and beg for mary of child labor legislation through- any factory under twelve years of age ; pennies to buy them; they eat whatever out the world:
California, Maine, Maryland, North they can get; it is no uncommon sight to see them picking up the banana skins
"It is illegal to employ any child un- Dakota, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, from the street, or if they have bread der 15 years of age in Florida, Rhode Great Britain, Holland, Norway and they take it in the hand and eat it while
Russia. Kentucky, Maryland and perthey run, as there is absolutely no home Island, Washington and Switzerland; training
or under 14 years of age in Colorado, haps other States have recently enacted As to clothing, they are fortunate if Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Massa
similar laws, making under 14 years they have any; sometimes an old
the limit, and Virginia has adopted the ragged undervest is their only garment. chusetts Michigan, Minnesota, NeA little boy who lives next door to a braska, New Hampshire, New York,
12-years limit. In Porto Rico, children friend of mine is the proud possessor
under 16 years are prohibited by law of a suit of union underwear some Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, from working in factories more than American has given him, and is as Vermont, Wisconsin, Wvoming, New six hours in twenty-four, and in Great proud as a king.
The National Benevolent Association South Wales, New Zealand, Ontario, Britain children under 14 years can is at work for these waifs, caring for Queensland and Sweden. In Manitoba work only seven hours per day, and them in much the same way as the it is illegal to employ children in any all under Children's Home Societies of the
21 are prohibited night United States care for homeless chil- factory under 16 years of age, in Ohio work.” dren. The National Benevolent Association does not keep its chilldren in its Homes. The number of children in its Homes is small compared with the number aided by being placed in family homes. It is the fixed policy of the association to keep just as few children as possible in its institutions. In the very nature of things it is compelled to care for many that can not be placed in family homes. The hunchbacks, the cripples, the cross-eeyed and others afflicted with some other form of physical defect, become orphans or worse. What would this self-styled "real friend of the child” do with these? These are in greater need of the tender, loving care of the church than the well and strong. These we aim to train into self-support and usefulness in the world, while seeking to aid the strong and well-favored by putting them into good family homes. Where we keep one in our Home we help a dozen to find their own homes. It was gratifying in the extreme to hear Dr. Hastings Hart, of Chicago, eminent as a specialist in the care of dependent children, in his great address before the recent congress of the Disciples, on "The Redemption of the Child," compliment in the highest terms the work being done by the Christian Church through its Benevolent Association. Its work is in harmony with
with the most approved modern methods and the highest modern ideals in children's aid work.
Send him to school, and give him time to play.
A SCHOOL CITY.
ventions. Two complete lists of officers the principal. The court takes time,
are chosen for mayor, marshall and the principal gets in a hurry. Charles R. Drum, Principal of the judge. The officers are elected by Prescott School, Syracuse, N. Y., in a ballot in the higher grades. They act Love and trust expressed, is life to the
Trust children and they will respond. recent article in Chalk Talk, urges the for the school in the execution and souls of children as it is to us all. Cowisdom of giving children as large a interpretation of law. They are not part in self
control as their limited monitors, for they are selected by the operation is trust expressed, and knowledge and experience will permit. pupils to do the will of the pupils
. courages, the noblest endeavor. Give It makes them happy to feel that they Monitors are selected by the teacher to the children then, the largest possible share responsibility and as a result they execute the will of the teacher. The amounts of these life-giving elements— do more and better work. It develops law-making body is the upper grades love and trust. self reliance, a valuable asset for the of the school. future. Hold them in rule with an iron hand, break their wills and the To-day a small sized officer brought
COUNTRY JOYS. result is disastrous. Give them into Prescott School four boys each
Gentlemen I received your letter chance, counsel instead of command, larger than himself and charged them permit free expression of the will and with smoking cigarettes on the school Saturday and was very glad to hear character develops. block. These boys will be brought be- from you.
I can play the mouth organ and am In order to give children a larger fore the court at its next session toshare in school and home management, morrow after school. The pupils of learning to chord on the guitar. the school stand back of an officer who
I like to live in the country a great increase their knowledge and perience. To do this, make the teach honestly does his duty, like that. No deal better than I do in the city.
When I first came out to the ing concrete. The School City is a plan one considers that tattling. It is workfor the teaching of the fundamental ing for the common good.
country I did
not know anything facts of government by giving the
Officers domineer over their enemies about the farm. Now I can plow, pupils actual experience making, exe- and overlook the misdeeds of friends harrow, load hay, do the chores and cuting and explaining the laws. A plan sometimes, though not often. Teachers milk 5 cows or more and I can do of organization for self government sometimes domineer over everybody in
several other things. makes real to the child his responsibil- cluding the parents and principal. If
Our school is going to have a basity and gives him a vision of his use- officers and teachers must wait for the fulness to the school. It is teaching discipline of delinquents until the court ket social and try to make enough concretely what everyone believes in meets after school, justice is quite liable money to buy a basket ball.
This is all I can think of for this the abstract—that all training should to be done. lead to self control. I honestly believe that the court time.
Your loving friend, A School City has nominating con- makes fewer errors in discipline than
THE APRON-STRING. dashed in a cataract foaming and LOVE FOR FOSTER CHILDREN. Once upon a time a boy played silver spray. flashing, and sending up clouds of
People who give less attention and about the house, running by his
The spray filled his thought to the adoption of chilmother's side; and as he was very
eyes, so that he did not see his foot- dren are prone to remark that no one little, his mother tied him to the string ing clearly; he grew dizzy, stumbled, can love another's child as well as he of her apron.
and fell. But as he fell, something does his own. These facts are often “Now," she said, “when you
about him caught on a point of rock brought to the minds of those who stumble, you can pull yourself up by at the precipice-edge, and held him, spend their entire time in the interest the apron-string, and so you will not so that he hung dangling over the of the adopted children. I should fall."
abyss; and when he put up his hand never be willing to leave a child with The boy did that and all went well, to see what held him, he found that to see what held him, he found that a person who would make a state
ment that he could not love some one and the inother sang at her work.
it was the broken string of the apron, else's child. By and by the boy grew so tall that which still hung by his side. his head came above the window-sill;
A Question of Importance. "Oh! how strong my mother's and looking through the window, 'he saw far away green trees waving, and apron-string is !" said the boy; and iawn to let your children play on it?"
"Don't you find that it hurts your a flowing river that flashed in the sun, he drew himself up by it, and stood asked a friend of a suburbanite the and rising above all, blue peaks of firm on his feet, and went on climb
other day. mountains. ing toward the blue peaks of the
"Yes," answered the gentleman ad"Oh, mother," he said ; "untie the mountains.-Laura Richards, in The dressed, “but it doesn't hurt the apron-string and let me go!" Golden Windows.
children." But the mother said. “Not yet, my child! only yesterday you stumbled, and would have fallen but for the apron-string. Wait yet a little, till you are stronger."
So the boy waited, and all went as before; and the mother sang at her work.
But one day the boy found the door of the house standing open, for it was spring weather; and he stood on the threshold and looked across the valley, and saw the green trees waving, and the swift-flowing river with the sun flashing on it and the blue mountain rising beyond; and this time he heard the voice of the river calling, and it said “Come!”
Then the boy started forward, and as he started, the string of the apron broke.
“Oh! how weak my mother's apronstring is !" cried the boy; and he ran out into the world, with the broken string hanging beside him.
The mother gathered up the other end of the string and put it in her bosom, and went about her work again; but she sang no more.
The boy ran on and on, rejoicing in his freedom, and in the fresh air and the morning sun. He crossed the valley, and began to climb the foothills among
which the river flowed swiftly, among rocks and cliffs. Now it was easy climbing, and again it was steep and craggy,
A Three-Fold Blessing. hut always he looked upward at the blue peaks beyond, and always the voice of the river was in his ears, saying "Come;"
By and by he came to the brink of a precipice, over which the river
* Copyright, Little, Brown & Co.
Juvenile Fire Insurance Court Law Company
How To Work Under It
OF CHICAGO, ILL.
STATEMENT DECEMBER 31, 1905 :
27,684.52 TOTAL ASSETS
Sons & Bell Co.