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JUVENILE COURT RECORD and subscquently released therefrom, be subjected to
visitation of probation officers, not only while in the
institution, but when returned home or placed in foster T. D. HURLEY, Editor.
homes. This contention is in clear violation of the laws 79 Dearborn Street, Chicago, Ill.
governing the above institutions, and if such a rule was ASSOCIATE EDITORS.
enfoiced, it would virtually amount to an annulment of Hon. B. B. Lindsey, Judge Juvenile Court, Denver, Colorado. the laws governing these intstitutions, and result in Thomas D. Walsh, Asst. Secretary, New York Society for making the institutions mere boarding-houses and de
the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, 297 4th Ave., New York.
stroy their highest efficiency. J. L. Clark, Business Manager, 79 Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill.
The laws govering the Manual Training and In
dustrial Schools have been in existence for some thirty Eastern Office, 53 W. 24th Street, New York City.
years; have been held constitutional repeatedly by the Boston Office, 71 Kilby Street, Boston, Mass.
supreme court of Illinois. The court has gone to the The Juvenile Court Record is published monthly except in extent of holding that the constitution of the state must the month of July. Single copies, 10 cents. Subscription
be construed in the light of the paramount duty of the price, $1 per year. Entered at Postoffice, Chicago, as secondclass matter.
state to care for that class of children in such in
stitutions. These Illinois cases have blazed the way for New Subscriptions can commence with current number.
the Juvenile courts throughout the country. Change of Address.-Always give both your old and your zew address when you ask us to change.
The recent recruits in the Juvenile court are instisting Payments for the Paper, when sent by mail, should be that the Juvenile court should be considered as enforcing made in a postoffice money order, bank check or draft, or an
the Juvenile Court Law only, and that this law express money order. When neither of these can be procured, send 2-cent United States postage stamps; only this kind supercedes all other existing laws. The fact is that the can be received.
Juvenile court exists in name only. It is a branch of the Letters should be addressed and checks and drafts made
circuit court, bound to enforce all statute laws, as well payable to Juvenile Court Record, 79 Dearborn St., Chicago.
as the law of the land. There are more than one hunAdvertising Rates made known on application.
dred pages of statutes in force in Illinois to-day, applying to children, which the court is bound to enforce. Is
it not time for the original framers of the Juvenile Court EDITORIAL.
Law, and friends of the movement to again interest them
selves actively, and save the Juvenile court from imRELATION OF THE JUVENILE COURT LAW TO
mediate disintegration ? Any thoughtful person upon a OTHER LAWS.
slight investigation, can satisfy himself that the proba
tion system is being carried far beyond what the framers Attention is called to an article appearing in this issue of the law contemplated, and in many cases passes relating to an order entered by Judge Richard S. Tuthill,
probationary care and becomes meddlesome. Wise presiding judge of the Juvenile Court of (Chicago) Cook
supervision is helpful, but surveillance amounts to opCounty, Illinois, wherein the court orders that hereafter
pression. the commitments to the various institutions existing
When the day arrives that the Juvenile court will under, and governed by the Manual Traning and Industrial School laws of Illinois, shall be pursuant to these
supercede the home, and probation becomes dictatorial particular laws.
and not helpful, the people will rise up in their might and This is a very important ruling as it involves the demand the repeal of the law. Probation should existence and future of four of the largest institutions to supplement the home and not supplant it. We should which the Juvenile Court commits children. The heed the warning of the late illustrious and lamented statistics show that there are more dependent children Judge Murray F. Tuley, who during the first year of the committed to these institutions than all others.
Juvenile court warned the probation officers, and those Efforts were put forth from time to time before the
connected with the court, “to be careful and not make enactment of the Juvenile Court Law, to bring the above probation too common or to persistent, and to never forinstitutions under that Law. These efforts were resisted
get that it is the court that should at all times be in full successfully as appears by section 20 of the Act of the
charge of the work, and not the probation officers”. It Illinois Juvenile Court Law, which preserves these laws
was in this light that the institutions appealed to Judge and declares that the Juvenile Court Law shall in no wise apply to these Institutions.
Tuthill to protect them in their rights. The JUVENILE Since the enactment of the Juvenile Court Law, the
COURT RECORD heartily endorsed the action of the Judge, court and the probation officers have insisted that all and hereafter hopes there will be no more clashing of the children appearing in the Juvenile Court, should, if made institution with the court and that all laws will be as wards of the court, whether committed to an institution, they should be; properly enforced by the court.
HOW PETER PAN BROUGHT A and what to quarrel about is one of
the duties of parents. DRUDGE TO THE CHIL
“An only child has one indisputable DREN'S COURT.
misfortune: there is no one in the
family he can really quarrel with. All The New York Sun teils at some his quarreling he must do outside his length the story of a seventeen year home. Consequently he cannot reold girl brought into Juvenile Court ceive from his parents all the attenon the charge of waywardness. The tion that he might receive if he were, investigation brought out the fact that the girl had been kept hard at
say, one of six. work as a slave knowing nothing out
"One question has precedence of all side the four walls of the board- others: Shall I interfere or not? To ing house and the neigleboring allow children some chance to settle market. But the door opened at their own differences is as certainly last for Mag, into the great beauti- an act of discipline as to settle every ful world of light and color and difference for them. How can chiljoy. A new boarder, a young idealist dren experiment with the principles from a settlement house near by, ob- with which their elder have tried to tained reluctant permission to take endow them except upon those Margaret to see Peter Pan. After that occasions when those didactic elders Mag was caught playing with a doll, do not interfere? and poring over story books for chil
“But then there is no vocation more dren of ten or twelve. And after that Mag ran away.
exciting than parenthood. "It was that play did it, Judge,'
"It is one of the annoyances in the Mag said. “That play that Mr. training of children that if we are to Briggs took me to. It was a nice be honest with them must be play, oh, such a nice play, full of a lot honest with ourselves. I do not see o kids and fairies and the funniest how that can be helped." big brown dog you ever see, and a
Brother and Sister once homeless, now feller by the name of Peter Pan-say, PREVENTION OF CRUELTY. he was great. I just shined t him
in a foster home. the minute he came on.
That's the In the United States there are now way I wanted to be-play and play existing nearly 400 societies and abroad OUR DELINQUENT CHILand never grow up: That was the nearly 100, and for the prevention of
DREN. trouble with me I knew. They had cruelty to children, they have become what they was always talking about governmental agencies for the enforce
The weekly organ of the Chicago And no wonder Peter Pan never ment of the criminal law for the pro
Bureau of Charities, Co-operation, growed up there, with all that. I tection of children. In forty-four comments in a recent issue on the guess I was born growed up. I never States of the Union they have been great progress made in the last few had a chance even to play. Fairies? recognized as such.
years in Chicago and throughout the Not for me, Judge—not down there The New York Society has been at United States in the care of delinat Mrs. Uffington's.
work 33 years, during which time it “And when I went out on Broad. has prosecuted more than 100,000
quent children. way with Mr. Briggs again I knew it cases, involving 144,000 children.
Young offenders have been dealt never would be the same for I know
with more and more on the theory I couldn't go back and wash and
CONCERNING CHILDREN. that adverse social conditions are scrub mornin' and night like before for that old thing. I just couldn't. The first annual convention of the largely responsible for their wrong "And that's why I went away.
I National Society for the Promotion of doings and that the spark of manhood knew it couldn't be so bad outside. I Industrial Education was held recently and womanhood within each child just had to get out of that dreary old in Chicago. Among the startling stae- will eventually in most cases assert place."
ments at the Convention was one to the itself, if the child is given a reasonThe outraged Mrs. Uffington was effect that fifty-five per cent of the present at court, demanding that the boys in Berlin between the ages of able chance. The results in nearly all girl be returned to her. But what- fourteen und sixteen are in industrial cases have been gratifying, especially ever the court should decide was best schools, while in Chicago less than one- where young children have been to do, Mag was assured that she need never go back to the dungeon of her so trained.
tenth of one per cent are being placed under the supervision of kind
so trained. "Germany," it was said. but firm friends who have had the lost childhood.
“trains its youth for a vocation: the
United States trains its youth for a child's welfare sincerely at heart. . CHILDREN'S QUARRELS.
job.” Bavaria, with a population not Churches, schools and benevolent soIn a series of entertaining papers much greater than that of New York cieties of all descriptions have been now running in the Outlook on "The City, has 290 trade schools, giving in- induced to co-operate in order Training of Parents," Ernest Hamlin struction night and day in 28 traces Abbott makes the following pertinent and crafts. This is a larger nun ser of bring about community efforts for remarks:
trade schools than is to be found the alleviation of unfortunate child"To teach children how to quarrel throughout the whole United States. hood.
Place of the Juvenile Court. dislikes; identify yourself with those Qualification of a Juvenile Court
Judge. spread rapidly, revolutionizing the
See that your ward is kept in method of handling children's cases. school as long as the law requires (14 juvenile court depends chiefly upon
The success and usefulness of the But it has soon realized that the years); longer if possible.
the individuality of the man that Court was not an end in itself and If he is in school, use the report presides over it. The successful that a child should be subjected to its blanks; visit the school in person; judge of such a court should be influence only as a matter as last co-operate with the teacher.
doubly grounded in the knowledge of resort. It came to be realized that the biological unit of the family steadily employed.
If not in school, see that he is human nature; he should be able to
command and to instill affection, should be kept intact as long as possible to the end that children Insist that the employment shall esteem, confidence and fear in both
ile delinquent and the parent; he might grow up under normal condi- lead to skilled workmanship.
should possess great power under the tions and parents be made to dis- Know how he spends his money: law, but should hold it in reserve; he charge their obligations to the fullest see that he starts a bank account. If should establish a personal relation possible extent. It also became living at home, when practicable, in- with each delinquent. To sit simply apparent that positive measures for sist that he pay a regular sum for as a judge to ascertain the fact of good of a constructive character were not in all cases sufficient to offset the board; in return, insist that he be delinquency and to apply the law evil tendencies of bad environment given a regular sum for spending thereto, means failure from the outwith negative influences. Degrading money
set. The judge should be patient, pastimes, immoral surroundings, vic
Find out how he amuses himself; sympathetic, discreet and firm; he ious companions frequently lured discover what he reads; secure him should be able to estimate human and tempted those who under or
a library card; help him to select the weakness as well as human strength; dinary circumstances would have proper books; talk them over with he should be able to point out the been kept upon the straight and him.
futility of a life of idleness, of vice, narrow road of decency.
Question him as to his friends; in- of immorality and of crime; he should vite them to see you.
be able to set new standard of The Juvenile Protective League.
Encourage him to establish some humanity and of citizenship, and to It became necessary to organize church relationship, and to attend make way for a new and grander for the purpose of successfully coping Sunday-school.
opportunity for the delinquent. with the influences that made the Ju- If however, you find he is not to The court should show the way for venile Court a necessity and which be trusted, verify his statement the juvenile to overcome his weakbrought children there in constantly through parents, neighbors, employer ness and to instill in him a feeling of increasing numbers. The Juvenile
self-reliance, or patrolman.
of independence, of Protective League was formed for the purpose of enforcing the laws for Lastly, don't become discouraged. self-honor. It is not sufficient that
Visit the home at least once the protection of childhood and to
a the judge should be kind
kind and devise new methods and schemes month.
lenient and tell the delinquent to go whereby constructive welfare work
Explain to the parents your rela- home instead of sending him to a might be promoted. At least four tion to the child; gain their confidence training school, but he should take such centres are now in active opera- and co-operation : give them yours.
the delinquent in hand and see to it tion in Chicago and their extension and efficient administration under the
Make a careful study of the home that he is shown the way to live, and leadership of the Juvenile Court conditions; inform yourself as to the should encourage him in that way. Committee will do much to bring number of the family, their habits, He must not be weary in well-doing, about a solution of the all important earning capacity, etc.
but should encourage and encourage subject of moulding and remoulding If necessary for the child's good, and encourage again. the lives of our delinquent boys and insist on possible changes, such as girls.
Work of the Probation Officer. moving into a better neighborhood, INDIANAPOLIS JUVENILE
etc. Above all, keep your relation- The probation officer should under COURT.
ship to the home a friendly one. no circumstances become a detective
Report all irregularities of conduct or spy upon delinquents. He should Suggestions to Probation Officers. at once, but as far as possible adjust make no arrests; he should be the
First gain the confidence of the those difficulties nonofficially, using friend and the representative of the child. the Court only as a last resort.
delinquent. The probation officer Explain the probation idea-that If, after a fair trial for any reason, you are to be his friend.
you find it impossible to become in- represents the interest of the child in Begin by believing in him. but terested in the particular child assign- court and the friendly side of his never let him succeed in deceiving ed you, ask to have him transferred; work is the most important. It is not you. Keep in touch with him weekly: done without a mutual liking. no creative probation work can be expected that he is to obtain all in
formation concerning the delinquency make definite appointments; see that he meets these promptly; meet them
Don't be in a hurry to sever the of a youth, but it is expected that he promptly yourself.
relation between the probationer and will do what lies within his power to Make a study of the child's pecu- the Court; few wards should be dis- secure reformation of the delinquent. liar temperament, his habits, likes and charged within a year.
- Judge Grier M. Orr, St. Paul.
The Washington Juvenile Court. peace in the community. The law is
A BABY'S DIET. . the protection of us all, rules over us Judge Wm. H. DeLacy of the all, and it is the law, children, that visiting nurses in New York in
In an article on the work of the Washington Juvenile Court possesses protects you, that enables you to Charities and the Commons is told in large measure the qualities desir- sleep peaceful at nights."
the following tale: able and even necessary for the suc
"And what does the baby eat?" the cess of his work.
GERMANY Judge DeLacy's courtroom is sunny
The first Juvenile Court in Ger- district nurse asked of the mother of
a ten months old child found in a big and cheerful. The judge talks in a
many was opened at Frankfurt, Jan. tenement sick with summer quiet tone to the witness and every II, 1908.
plaint. care is taken to make the scene as
"Oh, ice cream sandwiches, and little disgraceful as possible. This
potatoes, and little bits of beefsteak, restores the tone of the children's
and—” confidence in themselves, and they tell
"And mostly always bananas,' their own stories of wrongdoing in a
prompted the small sister. straightforward manner, persuaded by
“And some soda water and pretzels by the coaxing attitude of the judge
and sometimes milk," continued the that it will be best for them. The
mother, with manifest pride in her court officers are kind and the chil
infant's accomplishments. dren to be tried are allowed to play
"And watermelon, nurse! He can on a big porch at the back before
eat watermelon !" chimed in the little their cases are called, and are not
sister again, determined that no one allowed to hear other cases on trial.
of her brother's gastronomical feats The judge always insists on the
should be omitted. parents or guardians being in court,
The nurse lifted the baby and and will suspend a case rather than
loosened his warm clothing. She have a child appear without feeling
explained to the mother why the child that he has friends present to help
was ill, why he must not be fed any him bear the ordeal.
but liquid food, why he must be kept When a father weakly says he
cool and given plenty of air. Gerty never goes anywhere with his boy,
was sent to buy castor oil and barley who has been accused of stealing a
and directions for administering the horse and buggy, and he a youngster
oil and making the barley water were of eleven or twelve only, “I tell you,
All he needs is to be taken care of. given patiently and repeatedly. sir," the judge informs the recreant
"I shall be here to-morrow mornfather, “there is no one in the com- FROM THE DIARY OF A VISIT- ing about 10 o'clock, and if you do munity whose acquaintance will do
just as I have said, the baby will be you more good than your son's. It
The Chicago Visiting Nurse Asso- much better," was the parting inwill pay you to establish intimate re- ciation now numbers 30 on its force Junction, to which the mother nodlations with him."
The father who feeds onions to his with brickPats thrown at each other nearly 15,000 patients, making 99,500 child of nine months, because he
A family squabble which bristled In the year just closed they cared for by two rival neighborhood families visits. The Association is actively thinks "strong food makes strong was edifying the spectators the other interested in the improvement of baby;" the mother who gives her day. The principals were an irate old living conditions, believing that sani- little daughter sips of wine to "make maid on one side and three small tary housing would make two thirds red blood” are both found to be frightened children, who had been of the nursing work unnecessary. disturbed over their mistakes and throwing things at her, on the other. They also
immediate quick to accept suggestions. The A fussy lawyer, with his blustering establishment of a Children's Hos time is ripe for educating the tenePolice Court tactics, appeared, but he
ment dwellers in the care of their pital for contagious diseases. was outgeneraled by the crafty judge,
own children; there is a wakening in
A paragraph taken from the diary them a sense of the value of a baby's who was determined to get the children's story from them at first hand. of one of the nurses gives an idea of life, of a child's life. Every dollar
One small boy, when asked if he the daily work. “Bathed, dressed spent in educating them will bring had helped his big brother, responded : and cared for a mother and new born sure returns. "No, I looked over the fence and saw babe. Bathed, dressed and cared for
babe. Bathed, dressed and cared for CHILDREN'S TOYS 2000 YEARS he was getting the best of it, so I a last stage case of tuberculosis. went back to picking peas.” Dressed a severe burn on a child's
AGO. The father had been involved in the back. Gave baths and clean linen to There has recently been put upon fracas, and Judge DeLacy promptly two typhoids. Called Health Depart- exhibition in the British Museum a fined him $20, as he said, "putting the ment ambulance for 4 diptheria cases.
case showing toys that belonged to blame where it belonged,” and dis: Cleaned up four children with skin Greek and Roman children 2000 years missed the children, the victims of disease, excluded from school. Sent ago. It is a facinating exhibit. Here their family pride, "which is a very four telephone messages. Reported horses an inch and a half high, a good thing, children,” he continued, * but you must also remember you at office, wrote daily report, worked leaden horseman, a Pomeranian dog, are citizens, even as Washington and eleven hours. Went home tired, but a fox-terrier with a collar,—and also Lincoln were citizens, and it is the happy and thankful for my privil- a fine long tail,-a monkey eating a supreme duty of the state to preserve eges.
Here are tiny mechanical toys, a housekeeping, and the doing or not leaves the line to appoint two of the doll's chair and a sofa of some brown doing of these is what tries our nerves players as "guards," and then walks glazed ware with imitation rolled and our tempers. Without in the away on tiptoe.”. back and arms. There are also mugs least overworking the child, its little The whole line, excepting the painted with figures of children, and hands and feet can yet be made of guards, follow in single file, also on here, too, are the dolls. Most of them great help to us, and even a very tiptoe, the leader gradually increasare carved, many with beautiful young child will save many steps if ing her speed until all are running, jointed legs and arms, and plainly properly set about it. The tiny feet but still on tiptoe. very expensive.
Any player disThese dolls were must trot and they will cross the covered by the guards touching the never played with—they were dis- room many times joyously if the little ground flatfooted is “sent to prison," covered, nearly all of them, in funeral one can feel that he is working for which is some chosen corner of the urns. mamma.”
playground, and the last one left on But among them there is one that
tiptoe is declared the new Princesa, no doll-loving little girl could fail to
when the game begins as before.recognize—a little rag doll, faded and A BOY'S DEVICE FOR MEASUR- From Eighty Good Times Out of yellow and worn. That, there is no
ING A TREE.
Doors, by Lilian M. Heath. question, was loved and cherished by some child twenty centuries ago.
The boy in the following story, There are other things in the col- borrowed from Bright Jewels, is lection. Rattles of strange shapes, described as never saying anything with glorious possibilities of noise, remarkable, as eating oatmeal in large more soldiers, fish-hooks which the quantities, chasing the cat, slamming wise declare, save for a little rust, the door, and otherwise conducting might have been made last year. Alí himself after the manner of boys, the libraries of the world could not with the exception that he asks few prove so clearly the eternal kinship of questions and does much thinking. childhood as this one case of battered If he does not understand a thing, he toys.
whistles, which is not a bad habitBut as
a writer in the London on some occasions. Spectator reminds us, although the There was much whistling in our children two thousand years ago were yard one summer. It seemed to be playing the same games as the chil- an all-summer performance. Near dren of to-day, childhood itself now the end of the season, however, our holds a very different place in the boy announced the height of our tall world. It was only their own chil- maple to be thirty-three feet. dren whom the Greeks and Romans "Why, how do you know?" was loved and protected—the children of the general question. other nations, the poor and the out- "Measured it." cast, were either neglected or put to “How?" violent death. Children's homes, "Foot-rule and yardstick." children's hospitals, children's courts, “You didn't climb that tall tree?" vacation societies of all kinds, free his mother asked, anxiously. kindergartens, these and uncounted "No 'm; I just found the length of other places and organizations are the shadow, and measured that.' caring for the children of the “But the length of the shadow twentieth century as they have never, changes." in the history of the world, been cared “Yes 'm, but twice a day the shadfor before.
All he asks is a fair chance. ows are just as long as things them
selves. I 've been trying it all sumTEACHING THE CHILDREN TO mer. I drove a stick into the ground A NEW START IN LIFE FOR
the shadow was
A THOUSAND BOYS. long as the tree and that's thirty- The Industrial School at LanA writer in Housewife says: three feet.”
caster, Ohio. "Many mothers. overworked and
"So that is what you have been longing for relief, do not realize that whistling about all summer?"
In the Boys' Industrial School Jourat hand they have a large reserve "Did I whistle?" asked Tom.
nal for May 24 appeared the article force of unskilled, but willing and
given below, about the work of that affectionate labor. The little ones
excellent school. who add so largely to our duties are THE GAME OF PRINCESS TIP
The National Stockman and Farmer, the very ones who, if directed rightly,
in the issue dated May 9th, con
TOE. will spring to our relief and ease the
tains an illustrated article about the heat and burden of our day wonder- Standing in a line, the children pre- Boy's Industrial School at Lancaster, fully. It is the 'step, step' about the serve perfect silence, while the leader Ohio, by Alva Agee, who visited the housework that is so fatiguing; the says in an impressive whisper: institution a short time ago for the purlarger tasks, gone systematically "Hark, here comes the Princess pose of gathering data for a write-up in about, are not so exhausting; but the Tip-toe."
this enterprising publication. The folvarious little. uncounted
things "Where?" asks the next player, also lowing is part of the article as it ap. which, if not done, show so blackly in a whisper.
peared in the National Stockman and on a background of otherwise good "Here," answers the first one, and Farmer :