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to the city or taken from the city upon the pretext of becom For instance, a recent case, in which two procurers and ing embryo actresses. In the case of a certain ex-prize the man behind the scenes who had hired them, the white fighter, who was arrested during a raid upon one of the slave dealer were all convicted, was an example of securing strongholds of white slavery, the evidence was brought to girls through pretended love. This, the first case under the light that he and another young man procured a consign

amendment to the Pandering Act in Illinois, was severely irent of girls in the city of Chicago, presumably to take

fought in court by two of the men. One of the procurers them out with a southern musical comedy road company.

by the name of Lewis B- made a confession, telling how These girls were sent South in company with a certain

the dealer in human souls had hired Jacob J. and himself to

go about on the streets and catch girls to be turned over Myrtle B-, and they ended up in a resort at Beaumont,

to immoral resorts. The testimony in the case in which Texas. Many other cases might be cited to illustrate how

they were found guilty will show how successful they were. easy it is to secure girls to come to the city or leave the

Two sixteen year-old girls, one picked up by a flirtation city under the guise of putting them upon the stage. Let it

in one of Chicago's large summer amusement parks, were be understood, however, that in all of the cases tried nothing

sold into captivity. This is one of the most appalling cases has ever been hinted at that would involve any reputable

that has yet come to our notice. These girls were procured theatrical manager or agency, and the procurers have never upon promises of marriage and a trip to New York, all of been really associated with theatrical managers in any way, which was fine and grand to them. but have always falsely paraded under the theatrical mask.

So many and varied are the ways of procuring girls that Almost all positions alluring to young girls have been it is quite impossible to tell all of them. Employment agents used to catch them in the great net these procurers have have been convicted for sending girls out as house servants set for them. We can't blame the girls for being ambitious. to immoral places for the ultimate reason of making them We can't blame them for wanting to better their condition inmates in the house. The procurers have masqueraded as in life, and we can't blame them for falling prey to the graphophone agents, as the sons of bankers, as detective white slave monster, with its tentacles spread throughout agents looking for women detectives to work for them, and the country ready at every possible chance to clutch them in a very recent letter received from a lady in Massachusetts within its grasp. We can only warn them to be more cau the story is told how she, as a country girl, went to certain tious, to investigate carefully before going away from home photograph studios in Boston and found that this photogwith people they do not know. Fathers and mothers are rapher was a procurer. In a letter setting forth very too negligent in this regard, and through their laxity and vividly her experiences she says: "There were girls whom carelessness they have allowed their daughters to be en he had found nice fellows for and he would help me to find trapped. They should see to it that the girls, in going to the one and a possible fine marriage. I did not know then that cities, are surrounded by honest and reputable acquaintances. I should have exposed him." She tells of how she eluded In one case they contributed directly to the procuring of

this man and when she saw him on the streets afterwards their daughters by not writing a letter to them as they had in Boston she would hurry into a store or a hallway and promised. The girls who had gone to the post office, turn hide from him. She says: “I found afterwards that was ing away from the window downcast and disheartened, were really his business, introducing girls that he met in a busiapproached by a young man who had noted their sad faces. ness way in different studios and other places.” He said to them: “You appear to be in trouble.” One Through information received from letters and many other auswered, “Yes, we expected a letter from home with some ways, we are constantly on the lookout for the procurer. money. but we did not receive it. We have been here only One said in a confession: "We use any method to get them. two days and are without funds until we receive this letter. Our business is to land them and we don't care how we do We did not get the positions we expected to get and until it. If they look easy we tell them of the fine clothes, the we find work we have no place to stay."

diamonds and all the money that they can have. If they The young man volunteered to find them work. They had are hard to get we use knock-out drops." His words fallen into the hands of a procurer, ever on the watch, and express the whole idea of the girl auctioneer, "any way to were sold into a disorderly house before they knew it, think get them for sale." ing it was at this place they were to obtain work. When Schools for manicuring, houses for vapor and electric the facts in this case were brought to light, the procurer baths, large steamboats running between the city and sumhad fled to New York City. Through funds advanced by

mer resorts, amusement parks, the nickel theaters, the waitone of the leading clubs of Chicago and some big hearted

ing rooms in the depots and stores are all haunts and police officers the procurer was apprehended, extradited, procuring places for the white slave trader. A Chicago girl brought back, tried and convicted.

only a short time ago wrote to one of the daily papers of Through the other well known method, the procurer, by her experiences on a steamboat going out of Chicago and at pretending to be in love with his victim, appeals to her one of the nearby summer resorts. vanity and is often successful. Pretending that it is love Girls, look out for the pitfalls. Mothers and fathers, you at first sight and showering flattery upon the girls, they

can't afford to let your young daughters leave home with succeed in winning confidence and hearts by the easiest

strangers unless you want to send them to ruin. You are method in the world.

unwittingly thereby aiding the white slave traders and aiding In the early sunimer of 1907, Mona M-while work in your daughters' downfall. Train the daughters right at ing at the ribbon counter of one of the Chicago stores, fell home, watch over them, and protect them, and know where in love with handsome Harry B- on sight. After an they are going and with whom they are going away. They acquaintance of three days she was willing to go away with are worthy of your greatest and kindest consideration. Do him to be inarricd. It was the sale of this girl into a dis not be too anxious to make money, or for higher position reputable house and her final escape that led to the unearth in the social life at the expense of your daughter. Do not ing of one of the headquarters of the white slave traders be over ready to cast off the burden of supporting your and seven of them were arrested in one night, her procurer family by sending your daughter out to earn a livelihood receiving the longest sentence of them all.

at an early age, lest the price you get be the price of a soul.

The Children of Cherry

The Dependents of the St. Paul Mine Disaster

By this time everyone is conversant with the terrible trag pense medicine and food to the homeless ones. edy of the St. Paul mine, at Cherry, Illinois. It is unnecessary Proper credit should also be given for the excellent relief for the writer to go into details, as we all know how over work conducted by the American Red Cross Society under four hundred brave miners, trapped in the burning mine, suf the personal supervision of its director, Ernest P. Bicknell. fering from the effects of smoke, fire, and the horrible fire Having had experience in the past with the earthquakes and damp, starving for want of food and dying for the want of a fires of San Francisco and Messina, his work was invaluable. few drops of water, calmly laid down and for day after day At the time of writing the State Factory and Mine Inspecawaited the kind approach of death. Your local press has tors are at work seeking evidence for child labor suits. They told you how a few dozen of

believe they have discovered these heroes worked under

seven direct violations of the the most adverse conditions

Illinois Child Labor Law, to erect a wall to shut out

and intend to make a formal the fire and smoke, and pro

demand upon the manage

ment of the St. Paul Coal long their other agonies. And

Co., the proprietors of the how but twenty-one survived

mine, for affidavits in possesthe torture and were event

sion of the management of ually saved through the

the company relating to the heroic rescue work of the

age of boys who have been volunteer rescuers, some of

working for the mine. If the whom also met death in their

demand is refused the inspecefforts to save human life.

tors will consider it an inNow that the horrible trag

dication that the company edy is an issue of the past,

has something to conceal. kindhearted people are think

They will then proceed to seing of the results. The fact

cure evidence by other remains that hundreds of

means. women and children are

Little Alfred Kroll, whose homeless and dependent.

body was one of those reThe original photographs

cently brought from the that are published in con

mine, is declared by his sisjunction with this article will

ter to have been but fifteen give the reader but a very

years of age. Many of the meager idea of the sorrows

boys who have been working resultant from the calamity.

in the mine, but fortunately Happily, however, the

were on the other shift, and physical suffering of these

thus escaped the terrors of poor women and children

the fire, are providing excelwas of short duration. The

lent sources of information country from coast to coast

for the inspectors. nobly responded with assist

The State's Attorney has ance, and train after train of

vigorously expressed himself foodstuffs and medical assist

upon the subject when inance rolled into the little

Food for the Destitute

formed as to the boys' ages. town of Cherry. The newspapers, churches, unions, soci- although at the present time he can but speak in a hypotheteties and kindhearted citizens all lent their financial aid to ical vein. He declares, however, that should investigations relieve the suffering of these most unhappy people.

prove that the calamity has been the result of criminal negliSo much for the physical suffering. The mental anguish gence, he shall at least prosecute the company on that count. still remains. Time alone will allay that. Clergymen of In the meantime, State Factory Inspector Edgar T. Davies, all denominations rushed to the scene of the disaster, eager together with two assistants from his office, is hard at work to lend all in their power to cheer the helpless ones, give securing information necessary to start prosecutions at once. them spiritual aid, and bury the dead with the proper burial The State mine inspector is also making due investigations. of their respective religions. Credit is due the loyal women Possibly the holocaust of the Cherry mine will do well as of the different churches and societies who opened relief an example to arouse the public interest in these children of quarters for the unfortunate women and children of Cherry, the mines, whether they are actually employed under ground where they could take care of the fatherless babes, and dis or not. When one considers that in the State of Illinois alone

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A Word Regarding

Christmas

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or

It seems customary in all publications, regardless of class and kind, to put a few frills on the Holiday or Christmas issue. We are in hearty accord of the publishers putting forth extra editions at this time of the year, more especially those that contain fiction, and magazines appealing

to the home. The Juvenile Court

Court Record, however, is a paper for the Juvenile Court judge and probation officer, and all those persons inclined toward sociology and philanthropy. These are people that are accustomed to life with the frills off. The purpose of this magazine is only the publication of matter along these lines, and the space is very limited. We have not adorned our pages with holly leaves Christinas bells, but neverthe

less we do not wish our readers Fatherless Children at a Church Relief House

to conceive the idea that we are not in favor of recognizing the

holidays. We do wish to thank there are over one thousand coal mines, that fires in the shafts our many readers for their kind appreciation of our efforts, and levels are of almost daily occurrence, it brings one to a and their assistance during the past year. We wish you realization of the possible perils that may result from a little all a very joyous Christmas, and a very Happy New Year. negligence for the sake of economy upon the part of the mine

THE PUBLISHERS. operators. In nearly any paper you can read of fires starting under ground in the various mines of the country, but unless actual life is lost, the newspapers do not give the article prominence.

The reader cannot realize the sorrow expressed among the citizens of Cherry. No pen or illustration can do justice to the scene. From the center of the crowd, the shaft of the mine, far up the railroad tracks and the country adjacent to the little town, one can see frantic women walking up and down, some hysterical and some dumb with anguish, too dazed to even cry. Here and there are gathered little knots of women and children vainly endeavoring to console one another in their own misfortunes. The hungry are being fed, and those requiring other help, such as medical and financial, are being assisted by the various relief organizations. And the children of Cherry are still fatherless.

Papa Has Gone “Away"

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One of the most beneficent legislative acts of 1909 in Hun must be done to prevent the return of the individual into gary is the reform of the system of punishment of juvenile respectable society. offenders, writes W. B. Forster-Bovill, special correspondent

Three Kinds of Punishment. for the Chicago Daily News, from Budapest. The year 1910 will be remembered as a decided epoch in the methods by juvenile offenders responsible for their actions: 1. Censure.

The new law prevents three kinds of treatment regarding which juvenile crime is dealt with, for on January 1 the pro

2. Release on trial. 3. Confinement in a reformatory. visions of the new act will come into force. There is no mis

Those of a susceptible turn of mind and unsullied character, taking the fact that the system of probation, provided such

but whose frivolity or thoughtlessness has led them astray, is thoroughly and conscientiously carried out by carefully

are to be censured. Everything is being done in Hungary selected, well equipped and sympathetic officers, brings with

to bring the budding criminal under remedial legislation and it untold benefits. Hungary, one of the most advanced of the

to help those unfortunate young bereft of parental guidance European countries regarding the treatment of the juvenile

or devoid of stability of character. Hungary cares for its offender, having watched the developments in the American

young. Prisoners who have not reached their 18th year are cities and in England, decided in its new legislation to grapple

handed over to a single judge and one specially selected. All more effectually with the question and reduce the possibil

such trials must take place in a separate room and where posities of the manufacture of criminals.

sible outside the official building. Special waiting rooms must Aims at Radical Reform.

be provided for the young and in no case must the juvenile The new act aims at a thoroughly radical reform of the

come into contact with the adults. system of dealing with juvenile offenders, and in its progres Imprisonment during trial or confinement prior to trial is sive spirit does not shrink even from abrogating traditional to be at one of the state reformatories and in the prison.. Pardefinitions and from shelving conventional expedients in order ticular care is to be taken that no minors are admitted to to check the most fruitful sources of criminality. It further the court where criminal cases are being tried. enlarges the scope of the courts, inasmuch as it gives them Such are some of the features of the new legislation which not only the power to condemn and acquit, but to take into is calculated to reduce crime in Hungary. It is considered a consideration certain elemental facts of life hitherto outside

pity, however, that more has not been done to reduce the the domain of the judicial system. What does the new legis "white slave” traffic which is so prominent in Hungary. Crimlation set out to accomplish? Its primary object is the regen

inologists, however, are grateful for the steps taken by Huneration of children and juveniles threatened by moral de gary to protect the juvenile criminal and to provide a better pravity.

way for the erring young by means of the 1910 legislation. For instance, it forbids the bringing of an accusation, or, indeed, the employment of any criminal proceedings whatever

FELLOWSHIP. against children under 12 years of age. What really happens

When a man ain't got a cent, then? Those before whom the child is arraigned—a child

An' he's feeling kind of blue, guilty of a wrong deed-may hand it over to the individual

An' the clouds hang dark and heavy, entitled to exercise domestic discipline, or to the school

An' won't let the sunshine through, authorities. Punishment will be either censure or confine

It's a great thing, O my brethren, ment. But if the child appears to be threatened by moral de

For a fellow just to lay pravity or corruption owing to its environment, the author

His hand upon your shoulder, ities immediately inform the guardians and if necessary it

In a friendly sort of way. may be sent direct to the nearest state asylum for temporary

It makes a man feel queerish; treatment. If it is proved that offenders between the ages

It makes the teardrops start, of 12 and 18, owing to a lack of experience of life and of

An' you sort of feel a flutter moral maturity, are not accountable for their actions, the law

In the region of your heart; provides for similar treatment. Then there are those who

You can't look up and meet his eyes, are termed youthful offenders and who are regarded as ac

You don't know what to say, countable for their actions owing to adequate moral and in

When his hand is on your shoulder tellectual maturity. As to such the new legislation authorizes

In a friendly sort of way. the courts to take various measures—measures proportionate

0, the world's a curious compound, to the individual qualities of the offender. The fundamental

With its honey and its gall, idea of the new act is to individualize offenders. Every cir

With its care and bitter crosses; cumstance must be seriously considered the environment

But a good world after all. of the individual, the crime motive, together with the pris

An' a good God must have made itoner's moral condition and inclinations. Therefore, if the

Leastwise, that is what I say, accused be found to be suffering from a momentary aberra

When a hand is on your shoulder tion, or even a minor motive be discovered, those responsible

In a friendly sort of way. for the administration of justice must content themselves with A censuring the act and employ moral punishment. Nothing

-James Whitcomb Riley.

Incorrigibles

structive element, and if the entire proposition were stripped

of sentiment and viewed from a purely selfish motive this Hastings H. Hart, LL. D., Director of the Rus- fact alone would warrant the Juvenile Court and the State

Board of Corrections from taking a hand in the bringing up sell Sage Foundation, Discusses

of the child. Juvenile Delinquency

He spoke of the difference in the method of approach on "It is the refusal of society to recognize a child as a crim

the question of criminality and incorrigibility. With the inal that is putting the cases of delinquents and incorrigibles child criminal he is arrested on a warrant charging him with out of the jurisdiction of our courts, and justly so, for no a specific offense. He is brought before the court, and there jurisprudence recognizes that a child of seven, eight or nine is a prosecutor who has a legal reputation for convictions at years of age can be a criminal with criminal intent, nor can

stake. The indictment for the child is the “State vs. John it be amenable for its actions,” states Dr. Hart. He further Jones.” There is nobody for the child. It is the duty of believes that some form of home life is most essential in the

the prosecutor to get a conviction. That is his office. The rearing of the child and that poverty should be no bar to judge is supposed to have no interest in the case. He hears keeping the home intact in some manner.

the evidence and the legal aspect is always to the fore. The Means should be found to enable mothers who are capable await for his trial in a cell crowded with those graduated

child is in the felon's class. After his arrest he is obliged to of rearing children, or who are morally fit for the task, to in crime, and what he does not know about crime he can maintain her family intact. In the event that it is impossible very soon learn from those skilled or steeped in it. for any reason to keep them at home, or should there be no home, homes should be found with foster parents where they

Juvenile Court Procedure. could be at all times subject to home influences.

When the Juvenile Court takes possession of the child the In the event that it is impossible to place children in a procedure was entirely different. There was no indictment private family, and the child to be placed in an institution, and no arrest. There was a complaint filed that the child was it is recommended that not more than twenty-five children an incorrigible and a delinquent. The summons was issued be kept in any one institution, and that everything be made

in lieu of a warrant, and to the parent or guardian of the to represent home life, and that general family conditions be child. When he appeared in the court the case was put in the preserved as far as possible. Children should not be farmed hands of a probation officer. As stated before, the child was out to accidential guardianships, nor should they be placed said to be a delinquent or dependent. There could be a jurytrial in any home or institution unless the said institution or home if necessary, but the jury could not say guilty or not guilty, has the sanction of the State Board of Charities and Correc- but simply decide that the child was or was not delinquent. tions.

There is no prosecutor and it is a case of "the State pro John Among the points brought out by Dr. Hart was one that Jones” instead of versus John Jones. The officer of probation is causing a great deal of talk throughout the East, that the

is not standing before the child in the attitude of a witness. delinquents and dependents of the United States are to be in the criminal case he has arrested some one on the preunder the supervision of the State Charity Boards at all sumption that he has violated the law, but in this instance times, and also under the supervision of the public school

he has simply endeavored to discover what the surroundings authorities.

of the child are, what led him to be delinquent or incorrigible,

his associates, his parentage, etc. So, if he is the right kind Speaking further of the matter of guardianship, he says: “The question of guardianship is no new thing in jurispru- of the child is not tried; there is merely an effort made to

of an officer he is the friend of the delinquent. The guilt dence. We will suppose that the young child's father dies fathom a condition. In this connection Dr. Hart said: and leaves it a sum of money. The child has no natural

“Ofttimes the parent brings the child into the court room guardian, and immediately the Probate Court steps in and with that injured air as if to plead with the officers to do appoints a guardian for it, the guardian is put under a heavy something for his incorrigible boy. He can do nothing with bond and dare not spend one cent of that money without the court's order. It is considered a sacred duty to guard the him; he keeps the company of worthless boys, he drinks, he

smokes or steals and stays out late of nights and won't work. money of the child until he shall have become of age.

The court takes the boy personally and gets into the life. Children Without Guardians.

The boy admits that he is bad; that he does those things.

He did steal the apples and he did break the windows. The “But suppose the father dies destitute, does the court step judge then gets after his home life; he finds out why he stays in and appoint a guardian for the child? I don't remember out late, why he doesn't stay more at home. Then suddenly of it. There is no question about sacred rights because there the father finds himself on the rack. Why does he drink? is no sacred money involved. The guardianship of the child Why doesn't he quit rushing the can and support his family? is perhaps vested in the policeman on the beat or to some Why doesn't he send the boy to school? Why doesn't accidental or self-constituted guardian. Modern jurisprudence he make a home that is fit for a growing lad to and society together have come to recognize in the child a live in? Often when an incorrigible boy is brought into the commercial element worth conserving, one that is a potential court it is the father that is put on probation instead of the element and one that will be a productive factor."

child. It is the question of getting into the atmosphere that Dr. Hart went on to state that the commercial value of creates the condition of delinquency or incorrigibility that the child used to be, say, $25, and even higher when he was is the great work of the Juvenile Court. The man who grows young. That the price paid was based upon the usefulness up with an education, in the midst of wealth and then with of the person and the returns that could be secured from all the good examples about him, and the chances to do such a purchase. That the child to-day has the same com- things in this world falls down, is more reprehensible than mercial value, that it has the same constructive elements the one who has for example a drunken father, an immoral if properly trained. Aside from this, the child has a soul to mother, a lazy, good for nothing parentage and with nothing be preserved. If this child is neglected it ceases to become of the home atmosphere to back him. The correction of a productive element in the world's eyes, and is then a de- condition will do much to eliminate the delinquent.

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