## Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science, Volume 2"The Arab contribution is fundamental to the history of science, mathematics and technology, but until now no single publication has offered an up-to-date synthesis of knowledge in this area. In three fully-illustrated volumes the Encyclopedia of the History of Arab Science documents the history and philosophy of Arab science from the earliest times to the present day. Thirty-one chapters, written by an international team of specialists, cover astronomy, mathematics, music, engineering, nautical science, scientific institutions and many other areas. The Encyclopedia is divided into three volumes: 1. Astronomy--Theoretical and applied 2. Mathematics and the Physical Sciences 3. Technology, Alchemy, and the Life Sciences. Extensively illustrated with figures, tables, and plates, each chapter is written by an internationally respected expert, guaranteeing accuracy and quality. Each volume contains an extensive bibliography of sources and suggestions for further reading, and the set is fully indexed. This set will interest mathematicians, engineers and scientists, as well as students of history, the history of science, and Middle Eastern studies." -- Publisher's information. |

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#### Encyclopedia of the history of Arabic science

User Review - Not Available - Book VerdictDuring the early Middle Ages, European science declined, but scientific activity continued to grow in Arabic-speaking nations. Renaissance scientists were heavily dependent on Arabic research, with ... Read full review

### Contents

VOLUME | 331 |

Algebra Roshdi Rushed | 349 |

Combinatorial analysis numerical analysis Diophantine | 376 |

lnfinitesimal determinations quadrature of lunules | 418 |

Geometry Boris A Rosenfeld and Adolf P Youschkevitch | 447 |

VOLUME 1 | 451 |

Trigonometry MarieTherese Debarnot | 495 |

The influence of Arabic mathematics in the medieval West | 539 |

Musical science JeanClaude Chabrier | 581 |

Statics Mariam Rozhanskaya in collaboration with | 614 |

Geometrical optics Roshdi Rashed | 643 |

The emergence of physiological optics Gul A Russell | 672 |

The Western reception of Arabic optics David C Lindberg | 716 |

730 | |

### Common terms and phrases

Abu al-Wafa Abu Kamil al-DTn al-Farabl al-FarisT al-Karaji al-KarajT al-Khayyam al-Khazin al-Khwarizml al-Kindl al-Manazir al-Samaw'al al-TusT algebra Almagest angle Arabic Archimedes arithmetic astronomical axis Banu Musa body calculation centre of gravity circle comma commentary cone considered construction cubic demonstration diameter Diophantine analysis Diophantus equal equation Euclid Euclidean example Figure fingering degrees formula fractions Galen geometrical Gerard of Cremona Greek Haytham Ibid Ibn al-Haytham Ibn Luqa Ibn Sahl Ibn Yunus integer intersection Islamic Kitab Latin lemmas lens Liber abaci Liber Alchorismi light limma Lindberg major third major tone mathematical mathematicians medieval method middle finger ninth century octave optics plane polygon postulate problem proposition Ptolemy Pythagorean Rashed ratio refraction segment sexagesimal sine solution sphere spherical square straight line string surface Thabit ibn Qurra theorem theory of vision tion translation treatise triangle twelfth century visible object visual ray