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Cross- level similarities usually arise from the fact that higher levels of living
systems have structures and processes which are shredded out from lower levels
(see page 26). (d) It must be stated in terms chosen to be, as much as possible, ...
Each of these processes occurs at multiple levels of living systems. Each of these
processes has a cost in some sort of decreased efficiency of information
processing. Cross-level differences in adjustment processes to increases of
pathologies, and even artifacts at all levels. And I have repeatedly demonstrated
in this book that experimental or other empirical data collected independently at
two or more levels may support a given cross-level hypothesis. Despite this ...
What people are saying - Write a review
I purchased this book many years ago and found it very enlighting. The shredout concept was of particular interest to me in that it provided ways to look at various living systems from micro to macro. It has a lot of detail which I never was able to get around to studying, but appears to have influenced my thinking which was later documented in a series of blogs http://www.bcswonline.com/blog/index.html
I still have a copy and refer to it.
TABLE 11 The 19 Critical Subsystems of a Living System
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