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cach person clected as aforesaid, refusing or de.
clining to serve; (Provided nevertheless, That
no person shall be obliged to serve more than
two years in six ;) and they shall continue to
exercise the duties, powers and authorities which
they are hereby vested with, for and during the
term of two years, to commence from the time
of their respective elections, except as to the
first election to be made by virtue of this act.
In the Senate Ilouse, the nineteenth day of Fe-

bruary, in the year of our Lord one thou-
sand seven hundred and ninety-one, and in
the fifieenth year of the Independence of the
United States of America.
· DAVID RAMSAY,

President of the Senate.
JACOB READ,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.

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An ACT to suppress the pernicious practice, and

prevent the evil consequences of excessive and deceitful gaming, swindling, and other prac.

tices therein mentioned. TITHEREAS a number of idle persons of

VV ill fame, who have no visible means of obtaining an honest and reputable livelihood, have of late infested this state, and have been too successful in carrying into effect their de. ceitful gambling and swindling practices, drawing into their wily snares, many ignorant and unwary persons to their prejudice: in order therefore, to prevent, as far as possible, such dangerous and evil practices in future:

Be it therefore enacted by the honorable the Senate and House of Representatives, now met and sitting in general assembly, and by the au, thority of the same, That from and immediately

'after the passing of this act, if any person or Penalties persons shall inveigle or entice, by any arts or de- on unlaw.

ful gamvices, any other person or persons to play at ing, swincards or dice, or any other game, or bear a share ding, &c or part in the stakes, wagers or adventures, or bet on the sides or hands of such as do or shall play as aforesaid, or shall sell, barter or expose to sale, any kind of property, which has been before sold, bartered or exchanged, by the person so selling, bartering or exchanging, or by any person or persons to his or their benefit or advantage, so selling, bartering or exchanging, in any house or other place within the state, or be a party thereto, or over-reach, cheat or defraud by any other cunning, swindling arts and devices, that so the ignorant and unwary, who are de!uded thereby, lose their money or other property, every such person exercising such infamous practices, shall, on conviction thereof in any court of this state, exercising criminal jurisciiction, by trial by jury, be deemed guilty of enticing, inveigling, defrauding and swindling, shall forfeit a sum at the discretion of the court and jury, besides refunding to the party aggrieved, double the sum he was so defrauded of; and if the same be not immcdiately paid, with costs, every such person or persons shall be committed to the common' gaol, or house of correction, of the district or county where such person or persons shall be convicted, there to continue for any time not exceeding six months, unless such fine or fines, with costs, be sooner paid and discharged.

And be it further enacted by the authority Justices aforesaid, That complaint on oath being made shallissuc to any one of the justices of peace within the and hold state, of any person or persons having defraud- oftenders ed the party complaining, by inveigling, entic

warrants,

ho

of this heriff or auch per sore any the

pe of the the state upon hoith of the pl who shalim, to ba broughent suretz county hall happene

ing, or by any swindling practices, within the
meaning of this act, he shall issue his warrant,
directed to any sheriff or lawful constable, who
is thereupon to apprehend such person or per-
sons, and bring him or them before any one
of the justices of the peace of the state, with the
cause of his detention, who shall thereupon hold
the party so brought before him, to bail, with
one or more sufficient sureties, to appear at the
first court of the district or county, having ju-
risdiction to try such cause, that shall happen
thereafter, and answer to any information to be
then filed against him or them by the party so
injured; but if the party refuse to give bail as
aforesaid, the said justice of peace shall be, and
he is hereby authorized and required to commit
him or them to the common gaol of the district
or county, in which the complaint is made, there
to remain until the next sitting of the court of
the district or county having jurisdiction to try
such cause, then to be brought up for trial.

And whereas, The occupation of sea-faring
men, and the residence of such inhabitants of the
state as are at a great distance from the city of
Charleston, rendering it inconvenient and expen-
sive to such persons (having been defrauded
within the said city,) to wait until the sitting of
the court of sessions, for the purpose of prose-
cuting to conviction, offenders against this act;
but would rather submit to the loss sustained, if
not very great: Therefore, for the relief of such
persons, it is necessary that such offenders with-

in the city of Charleston, should be brought to a : more speedy trial, therefore, for that purpose,

Be it further enacted by the authority afore. Court of said, That the court of wardens of the city of Charles

s in Charleston, be, and the said court is hereby auton, em- thorized and empowered to try all offenders

war

against this act, upon the principles of law in cri- powered minal cases: Provided, That a jury is drawn to try of

fenders by from among the citizens of Charleston for that jury. purpose. :

And be it further enacted by the authority City coun. aforesaid, That the city council of Charleston cil to diis hereby authorized and empowered to regu- meio late and direct the mode and manner of drawing drawing such juries; and that the jurors so drawn shall such ju be liable to the same penalties for non-attendance as the jurors of the superior court of sessions are by law subject to.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all notes, bills, bonds, judg - Securities

given for ments, mortgages, or other securities or con- in veyances whatsoever, given, granted, or entered won at into, or executed by any person or persons w hat

" to be void soever, where the whole or any part of the con- and of none sideration of such conveyances or securities shall effect. be for any money or valuable thing whatsoever, won by cock-fighting, horse-racing, or by gaming or playing at cards, dice, tables, tennis, bowls, or other game or games whatsoever; or by betting on the sides or hands of such as do game, at any of the games aforesaid, or any other game or games; or for the reimbursing, or repaying any money knowingly lent or advanced at the time and place of such cock-fighting, horse-racing or play, to any person or persons so gaming or betting as aforesaid; or that shall during such cock-fighting, horse-racing or play, so play or bet, shall be utterly void, frustrate and of none effect to all intents and purposes whatsoever; and that where such mortgages, securities, or other conveyances, shall be of lands, tenements, or hereditaments, or shall be such as to encumber or effect the same, such mortgages, securities, or other conveyances,

shall enure and be to and for the sole use and bes
nefit of, and shall devolve upon such person or
persons as shall have been or may be entitled to
such lands, tenements or hereditaments, in case
the said grantor or grantors thereof, or the per-
son or persons so encumbering the same, had
been dead; and as if such mortgages, securi-
ties, or other conveyances, had been made to
such person or persons by the person or persons
so encumbering the same; and that all grants
and conveyances to be made for the preventing
of such lands, tenements or hereditaments from
coming to or devolving upon such person or per-
sons, hereby intended to enjoy the same as afore-
said, shall be deemed fraudulent and void, and
of none effect, to all intents and purposes what-
soever.
In the Senate House, the nineteenth day of

February, in the year of our Lord one thou-
sand seven hundred and ninety-one, and in
the fifteenth year of the Independence of the
United States of America.
DAVID RAMSAY,

President of the Senate.
JACOB READ,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.

An ACT to ascertain the jurisdiction of the

court of wardens of the city of Charleston, in

the cases therein mentioned. TTTHEREAS the intendant and wardens

VV of the city of Charleston, have by their memorial to the legislature of this state, enume. rated several cases wherein doubts have arisen respecting the extent of the jurisdiction of the court of wardens, and in their said memorial did pray that their jurisdiction might be so clearly

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