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NEW

AMERICAN CYCLOPÆDIA.

VOL. XI.
MACGILLIVRAY-MOXA.

AMERICAN CYCLOPÆDIA:

Popular Dictionary

OF

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE.

EDITED BY

GEORGE RIPLEY AND CHARLES A. DANA.

VOLUME XI.

MACGILLIVRAY-MOXA.

NEW YORK :
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

443 & 445 BROADWAY.
LONDON: 16 LITTLE BRITAIN.

M.DCCC.LXI.

270.7 40.399:-...

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1861, by

D. APPLETON & COMPANY, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of

New York

[graphic]

THE

NEW AMERICAN CYCLOPÆDIA.

MACGILLIVRAY

MACGREGOR

MAOGILLIVRAY, ALEXANDER, a chieftain sions of this treaty were not acceptable to the of the Creek or Muscogee Indians, born on the Creeks; it diminished the influence of the chief, Coosa river near the present site of Wetumpka and he either was or affected to be unable to about 1740, died in Pensacola, Feb. 17, 1793. prevail upon them fully to comply with it. His father, Lachlan McGillivray, was a Scotch- Meantime, however, he continued to retain his man of good family, who ran away from home chieftainship, and at the same time actually sucwben a boy, came to America, and acquired a ceeded in obtaining an increase of salary and of large fortune by trade with the southern tribes authority from the Spanish government. Alof Indians. His mother was Sehoy Marchand, though engaged in several military expeditions, the half-breed daughter of a French officer who in concert with the British, during the revoluwas murdered in 1722, in a mutiny of his own tionary war, he was less distinguished for milisoldiers, while commanding Fort Toulouse, on tary talent than for his skill in controlling the the Coosa river. Alexander received a good wild chieftains under his command, and the education in Charleston, and was noted as a boy adroitness and ability of his conduct in dealing for his fondness for books and literature. His with the agents of more civilized governments. father had intended to educate him for commer- His hospitality and generosity were almost cial life, and at one time he was placed in a count- princely. His deportment was that of a poling-house in Savannah; but having no taste for ished gentleman; and his published correspondtrade, he returned, on arriving at manhood, to ence affords evidence of his intelligence and eduhis Muscogee relatives. Here he soon rose to a cation, as well as of his skill as a politician. He high position among the united tribes of Creeks was a brother-in-law of the famous Le Clerc and Seminoles, and at the breaking out of the Milfort, and an uncle of William Weatherford. American revolution was their recognized head. MACGILLIVRAY, WILLIAM, a Scottish natDuring the war of the revolution the McGilli- uralist, born in the isle of Harris in 1796, died yrays, father and son, were zealons adherents in Aberdeen, Sept. 5, 1852. In 1823 he was of the royal cause, and the former held the rank appointed assistant professor of natural history of a colonel in the British service. He left the in the university of Edinburgh, and subsequentcountry with the British when they evacuated ly conservator of the museum of the royal colSavannah, and his estates were confiscated. lege of surgeons. In 1841 he was made proAfter the war, Alexander McGillivray, in be- fessor of natural history in Marischal college, half of the Muscogee confederacy, entered into Aberdeen, which office he held till his death. an alliance with Spain, of which government The most popular of his works are: “History he was made a commissary, with the rank and of British Birds," “ History of British Quadrupay of colonel. The trade of the Creeks, under peds," and a treatise on "The Flowering Plants his influence, was directed to Pensacola, and for and Ferns of Great Britain and Ireland." The several years he baffled the most persevering queen purchased his MSS. of the “Natural Hisefforts of the governments of the United States tory of Dee-side and Braemar," on account of and Georgia to open an intercourse with the its being specially illustrative of the vicinity of Creeks, and obtain a cession of certain disputed her highland residence at Balmoral, and caused lands lying on the Oconee. At length, in 1790, it to be printed in 1856, and copies of it to he was induced by Washington to visit New be sent to all the societies of natural history York, where he was received with high honors, throughout her dominions. and where he eventually signed a treaty yielding MACGREGOR, JOHN, a British statistician the disputed territory. In return for this con- and politician, born at Stornoway, Ross-shire, cession, beside a pecuniary equivalent to the in 1797, died in Boulogne, April 23, 1857. At Creeks, McGillivray by a secret article was re- an early age he was placed in a commercial warded with the appointment of agent for the house in Canada, which gave him opportuniUnited States, together with the rank and pay ties for collecting the particulars of the resources of brigadier-general in the army. The provi- of the country embodied in his work entitled

VOL. XI.-1

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