Environment and Employment: A Reconciliation

Front Cover
Philip Lawn
Routledge, Jun 30, 2009 - Business & Economics - 396 pages

Mounting evidence suggests that GDP growth is damaging the natural environment and unlikely to be ecologically sustainable in the long-run. At the same time, an annual GDP growth rate of around three percent is regarded as the minimum necessary to prevent unemployment from escalating. Clearly, a trade-off exists between environmental goals and employment goals, yet this trade-off has been largely ignored or denied.

This book aims to resolve the environment-employment dilemma by suggesting ways and means to achieve low rates of unemployment, or preferably full employment, in the context of a low-growth or steady-state economy. In search of a solution to this dilemma, this book seeks to answer the following questions:

  1. What existing paradigms offer a possible foundation for further investigation into issues dealing with both the environment and employment?

  1. What specific initiatives can be implemented to deal with unemployment given that any potential solution must be consistent with responsible macroeconomic policy?

  1. To what extent can ecological tax reform provide a solution to the environment-employment dilemma?

  1. Under what circumstances is it clear that certain forms of employment generation are antithetic to the goal of ecological sustainability?

  1. How can more favourable employment-generating opportunities be exploited in ways which lower unemployment or achieve full employment without the need for ecologically-destructive GDP growth?

This book will no doubt stimulate a broader discussion on the issue, and it may just begin a process that leads to the eventual emergence of a viable policy strategy to generate a sustainable, full employment future. This book will be of interest to decision-makers, civil servants, researchers, and NGO employees as well as students of environmental and ecological economics and issues related to employment and unemployment.


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List of figures xi
The potentialconflict
Why havePostKeynesians perhaps inadequately dealtwith issues
Conclusions 115
An empirical assessment ofecological tax reform and the double dividend
The relevance of PostKeynesian economics to sustainable
Conclusion 158
A comparison of the macroeconomic consequences of Basic Income
Ecological tax reform and the double dividend 225
Evidence of ETR performances 246
employment patternsand urban ecosystem service requirements in Greater ChristchurchNew Zealand
Employment and environment in a sustainable Europe
PART VIConclusion 343 14 Final thoughtson reconciling the goals of ecological sustainability
Index 380

Evaluating theeconomic and environmental viability ofBasic

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About the author (2009)

Philip Lawn is a Senior Lecturer in ecological economics at Flinders University, Australia. His work includes six books, numerous book chapters, and nearly fifty journal articles. His more recent book, co-edited with Matthew Clarke, focuses on sustainable welfare in the Asia-Pacific region.

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