War Crimes in Bosnia-Hercegovina, Volume 2
A report written by Ivana Nizich based in part on testimony gathered by Helsinki Watch representatives who visited Bosnia-Hercegovina, Croatia, and Yugoslavia on Mar. 19-Apr. 28, 1992 and May 29-June 19, 1992 and who visited Serbian-run detention camps in Bosnia in August 1992.
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abuses According arrested asked attack August Banja Luka beat beaten Blagaj Bosanski Bosnia Bosnia-Hercegovina Bradina burned buses camp in Croatia Capljina Cetniks chose to withhold civilian convoy Croatian forces Croats detained detention camps detention facility displaced Doboj Dretelj Fofa genocide guards guns held Helsinki Watch representatives Helsinki Watch's visit Human Rights humanitarian ICRC interned interrogated Interviewed by Helsinki Keraterm Keraterm camp killed Konjic Kozarac Livno Manjafa mistreated Mostar Mostar prison municipality Muslim forces non-Serbs northwestern Bosnia Omarska camp police officers police station Prijedor pseudonym raped refugee camp released relief reported representatives in October Sarajevo Selima Serbian authorities Serbian forces Serbian Republic Serbian soldiers Serbs shelling shooting shot siege sports hall taken told Tomislavgrad took town Travnik Trebinje Trnopolje camp troops truck United Nations village warehouse Washington Post weapons witness chose woman women and children Yugoslav Army JNA Yugoslavia Zvonko
Page 396 - Crimes against humanity: Namely, murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation, and other inhumane acts committed against any civilian population, before or during the war, or persecutions on political, racial or religious grounds in execution of or in connection with any crime within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal, whether or not in violation of the domestic law of the country where perpetrated.
Page 303 - No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.
Page 19 - Convention: wilful killing, torture or inhuman treatment, including biological experiments, wilfully causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health...
Page 17 - Prisoners of war must at all times be humanely treated. Any unlawful act or omission by the Detaining Power causing death or seriously endangering the health of a prisoner of war in its custody is prohibited, and will be regarded as a serious breach of the present Convention.
Page 303 - No one shall be held guilty of any criminal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a criminal offence under national or international law at the time when it was committed.
Page 303 - To examine, or have examined, the witnesses against him and to obtain the attendance and examination of witnesses on his behalf under the same conditions as witnesses against him...
Page 409 - It is prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population, such as foodstuffs, agricultural areas for the production of foodstuffs, crops, livestock, drinking water installations and supplies and irrigation works...
Page 19 - To this end the following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever...
Page 422 - Indiscriminate attacks are: (a) those which are not directed at a specific military objective; (b) those which employ a method or means of combat which cannot be directed at a specific military objective; or (c) those which employ a method or means of combat the effects of which cannot be limited as required by this Protocol; and consequently, in each such case, are of a nature to strike military objectives and civilians or civilian objects without distinction.
Page 410 - To give effect to this protection, the following rules, which are additional to other applicable rules of international law, shall be observed in all circumstances. 2. The civilian population as such, as well as individual civilians, shall not be the object of attack. Acts or threats of violence the primary purpose of which is to spread terror among the civilian population are prohibited.