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Now these teachers, foreign to the college, its methods, its culture, its associations, are not at all likely to send pupils to college. The girls go to the normal school where the teacher had been, and the boys, without a manly guide, wander off and are lost to higher institutions. Nor must it be forgotten that an influential portion of the community protests against making the high-school a feeder to the college, against all higher education in the public schools as foreign to the idea of common schools supported at the expense of the public; and what is remarkable is, that these antagonists are generally newspaper and professional men-editors, lawyers, doctors -- men who have for the most part come from college halls. When such men raise their voices against the classics in the public schools, what wonder that those who have the direction of them are led away, and make no provision for these studies?









St. Paul, Minn., July 9, 1890. The Kindergarten Department was called to order at 3 P. M.; the President, Mrs. E. L. Hailmann, in the chair.

The singing of the Teachers' Hymn by the audience was followed by a prayer by the President.

The Secretary being absent, the reading of the official report was omitted; and Miss H. M. L. Eggleston was appointed Secretary pro tem.

The President made a short address, after which Mrs. Helen E. Starrett, of Chicago, read a paper on “The Kindergarten; by an outside observer.”

Then followed a vocal solo by Miss Morehouse.
The following committees were then appointed:

Committee on Resolutions - W. N. Hailmann, La Porte, Ind.; Miss Eva B. Whitmore, Chicago; Miss Lucy F. Wheelock, Boston.

Committee on Nomination of Officers--Nathan C. Schaeffer, Kutztown, Pa.; Mrs. Eliza A. Blaker, Indianapolis, Ind.; Miss Mary S. Clark, St. Paul, Minn.

A resolution was adopted empowering the President to appoint a committee to advise concerning a kindergarten exhibit at the World's Fair at Chicago in '93; said committee to report at the meeting of the Kindergarten Department, Friday, July 11.

An address by Lucy F. Wheelock, on “They have Eyes and Ears,” was followed by a paper on “ Effects of Kindergarden Training on Primary Work,” by Irwin Shepard, of Winona, Minnesota.

The audience then sang “Home, Sweet Home," and the meeting adjourned.

SECOND SESSION.—JULY 11. The meeting was called to order at 3 P. M. by the President, and was opened with singing and prayer.

Miss Anna E. Bryan, of Kentucky, then read a paper entitled “The Letter Killeth."

W. N. Hailmann followed with a paper on “Schoolishness in the Kindergarten."

The last paper of the session was given by W. E. Sheldon, of Massachusetts, the subject being “Professional Training of Kindergartners and Primary Teachers.”

The minutes of the previous meeting were read, and adopted.
The Committee on Nomination of Officers reported as follows:
President - Mrs. E. L. Hailmann, LaPorte, Indiana.
Vice-President- Miss Lucy Wheelock, Boston, Massachusetts.
Secretary - Miss Anna B. Williams, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Miss Williams not being a member of the Association, the name of Mrs. E. A. Blaker, of Indianapolis, was substituted for Secretary; and with this change the report of the committee was adopted.

The Committee on Resolutions reported as follows:

1. Resolved, That our hearts are filled with gratitude for the growing recognition of the educational principles of the kindergarten in all departments of educational work, but more particularly in the primary schools of our land and in the homes of the people.

2. Resolved, That in our opinion, a full knowledge of the educational principles of Froebel, and familiarity with the ways and means of the kindergarten, is an essential part of the education of every woman as the prospective queen of a home.

3. Resolved, That it is desirable that the kindergartners of the land unite under the leadership of this Department, for a full and logical exposition, at the World's Fair of '93, of the aims and achievements of the kindergarten, and of the schools that follow Frobel's lead.

4. Resolved, That the officers of the Department be empowered and requested to send the affectionate greeting of this Department to the widow of Friedrich Fræbel, at Hamburg.

5. Resolved, That W. N. Hailmann, of Indiana, be empowered and requested to collect and forward to Miss Eleanor Heerwart, whatever funds he may be able to secure for the Froebel Memorial Kindergarten, at Blankenburg.

6. Resolved, That we cordially thank the people of St. Paul, and particularly the members of the First M. E. Church and of the St. Paul Free Kindergarten Association, for the splendid hospitality extended to us; also Prof. Brown, organist of the church, and Miss Grace Morehouse, for the inspiration we obtained from their beautiful music.

7. Resolved, That we acknowledge and appreciate with gratitude the successful efforts of the officers of the Department, and of the ladies and gentlemen whom they associated with themselves on the program, to present current important questions in a manner that cannot fail to bring them nearer to a satisfactory solution.

These resolutions were adopted.

After the singing of "Auld Lang Syne" by the audience, the meeting adjourned.

H. M. L. EGGLESTON, Secretary pro tem.

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